IJCM  Vol.2 No.5 , November 2011
The Clinical Application of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in Pediatrics
Author(s) Yosuke Miyashita
ABSTRACT
Management of hypertension (HTN) largely relies on proper and accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP). Even following the criteria for HTN diagnosis defined in the Fourth report on high BP in children and adolescents, inaccurate diagnosis and misdiagnosis can occur with white coat effect and masked HTN. The use of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) has been increasing in pediatrics in the last 20 years. The main use of ABPM is to differentiate between sustained HTN and white coat HTN in patients who have elevated casual BP measurements and to detect masked HTN in high risk patients. ABPM is most useful in patients with casual BP within 20% of the 95th percentile for age, gender, and height. This report will highlight the use of ABPM in the evaluation of elevated BP and management of HTN in pediatrics. The discussion includes a review of various non-invasive BP measuring techniques, a description of ABPM and ABPM-unique data and diagnoses, updated ABPM clinical data more specific to pediatrics, its use in HTN clinical trials, and future outlook and direction of ABPM in pediatrics.

Cite this paper
nullY. Miyashita, "The Clinical Application of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in Pediatrics," International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 650-660. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.25111.
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