Back
 GEP  Vol.6 No.5 , May 2018
High-Precision Chronostratigraphic Correlation of Mid-Cretaceous Strata in Western Interior Basin, USA through Graphic Correlation Technique
Abstract:
Graphic correlation method has been proved to be very useful in correlating sections in different places. In this study, we have selected five sections from the Western Interior Basin, USA and applied graphic correlation method to correlate them. The selected five sections are located from the eastern to the western margins of the Western Interior Basin, USA. The cross-basinal high-precision chronostratigraphic correlation provides geologists a better understanding about how facies and depositional environments evolved across the mid-Cretaceous Western Interior Basin during the mid-Cretaceous. In addition, our data fits well with the previous understandings about mid- Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, which characterized by slow depositional rates and higher organic matter concentration.
Cite this paper: Shang, F. , Chen, R. , Zhao, Z. , Scott, R. , Song, L. (2018) High-Precision Chronostratigraphic Correlation of Mid-Cretaceous Strata in Western Interior Basin, USA through Graphic Correlation Technique. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 266-277. doi: 10.4236/gep.2018.65023.
References

[1]   Shaw, A.B. (1964) Time in Stratigraphy. McGraw-Hill, New York, 365 p.

[2]   Scott, R.W., Combes, J.M. and Nissen, S.E. (1998) High-Precision Chronostratigraphy of a Late Pleistocene Shelf-Edge Delta, Louisiana. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68, 596-602. https://doi.org/10.2110/jsr.68.596

[3]   Mann, K.O. and Lane, H.R. (1995) Graphic Correlation: SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication No. 53, 263. https://doi.org/10.2110/pec.95.53

[4]   Kauffman, E.G. and Caldwell, W.E. (1993) The Western Interior Basin in Space and Time. In: Caldwell, W.E. and Kauffman, E.G., Eds., Evolution of the Western Interior Basin, Spec. Pap.-Geol. Assoc. Can., Vol. 39, 1-30.

[5]   Blakey, R.C. (2009) Regional Paleogeography. Northern Arizona University. http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~rcb7/regionaltext.html

[6]   Jordan, T.E. (1981) Thrust Loads and Foreland Basin Evolution, Cretaceous, Western United States. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 65, 2506-2520.

[7]   Franks, P.C. (1975) The Transgressive-Regressive Sequence of the Cretaceous Cheyenne, Kiowa, and Dakota Formations of Kansas. In: Caldwell, W.G.E., Ed., The Cretaceous System in the Western Interior of North America, Geological Association of Canada Special Paper, Vol. 13, 469-521.

[8]   Hattin, E.D. and Siemers, T.C. (1978) Road Log for April 13, 1977, Kansas Geological Survey, Guidebook 3.

[9]   Hattin, D.E. (1965) Upper Cretaceous Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Paleoecology of Western Kansas. Geol. Soc. America, Field Conf. Guidebook, Ann. Mtg., Kansas City, Mo., 66 p.

[10]   Slingerland, R.L. and Kump, L.R. (1996) Estuarine Circulation in the Turonian Western Interior Seaway of North America. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 108, 941-952. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1996)108<0941:ECITTW>2.3.CO;2

[11]   Scott, R.W., Franks, P.C., Stein, J.A., Bergen, J.A. and Evetts, M.J. (1994) Graphic Correlation Tests the Synchronous Mid-Cretaceous Depositional Cycles: Western Interior and Gulf Coast. In: Dolson, J.C., Hendricks, M.L. and Westcott, W.A., Eds., Unconformity-Related Hydrocarbons in Sedimentary Sequences: Denver, Colorado, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, 89-98.

[12]   Obradovich, J.D. (1993) A Cretaceous Time Scale. In: Caldwell, W.G.E. and Kauffman, E.G., Eds., Evolution of the Western Interior Basin, Geologic Association of Canada, Special Paper 39, 379-396.

[13]   Scott, R.W. (2009) Introduction to the CRET1 Chronostratigraphic Database, Precision Stratigraphy Associates. http://precisionstratigraphy.com/CRET1CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHICDATABASE.htm

[14]   Sageman, B.B., Rich, J., Savrda, C.E., Bralower, T., Arthur, M.A. and Dean, W.E. (1998) Multiple Milankovitch Cycles in the Bridge Creek Limestone (Cenomanian-Turonian), Western Interior Basin. In: Arthur, M.A. and Dean, W.E., Eds., Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, USA, Society of Sedimentary Geology, Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology No. 6, 153-171. https://doi.org/10.2110/csp.98.06.0153

[15]   Elder, W.P. and Kirkland, J.I. (1985) Stratigraphy and Depositional Environments of the Bridge Creek Limestone Member of the Greenhorn Limestone at Rock Canyon Anticline near Pueblo, Colorado. In: Pratt, L.M., Kauffman, E.G. and Zelt, F.B., Eds., Fine-Grained Deposits and Biofacies of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Field Trip Guide Book No. 4, 122-134. https://doi.org/10.2110/sepmfg.04.122

[16]   Leckie, R.M., Kirkland, J.I. and Elder, W.P. (1997) Stratigraphic Framework and Correlation of a Principal Reference Section of the Mancos Shale (Upper Cretaceous), Mesa Verde, Colorado. In: Anderson, O.J., Kues, B.S. and Lucas, S.G., Eds., Mesozoic Geology and Paleontology of the Four Corners Region, 48th Annual Field Conference of the New Mexico Geological Society, Albuquerque, NM (NMGS), 163-216.

[17]   Cobban, W.A., Ireneusz, W., Obradovich, J.D. and McKinney, K.C. (2006) A USGS Zonal Table for the Upper Cretaceous Middle Cenomanian-Maastrichtian of the Western Interior of the United States Based on Ammonites, Inoceramids, and Radiometric Ages: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1250, 45 p.

 
 
Top