ABSTRACT Thoracic actinomycosis is a rare disease in the era of antibiotics. Infection involving the mediastinum is extremely infrequent and the symptoms are nonspecific. It’s very important to include actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary affections and mediastinal masses. We present a case of posterior mediastinal mass found on chest computed tomography and the patient was treated with penicillin and fully recovered.
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