Back
 MSA  Vol.9 No.6 , May 2018
Molecular Materials for Energy Storage
Abstract: We map the requirements and design rules for dielectric materials that target large scale energy storage applications of electrostatic capacitors. The molecular unit (dielectrophore) must contain three main components: a polarizable subunit having large electric dipole, an isolating subunit which prevents current leakage, and a structural element that promotes self-assembly of molecules in solution and in mesophase and promotes crystallization in the process of film formation. This structural subunit is necessary for high molecular density and enhanced resistivity of film. The process engineering steps required for the supramolecular assembly and crystal film formation (cascade crystallization) are addressed.
Cite this paper: Mourokh, L. , Edder, C. , Mack, W. , Lazarev, P. (2018) Molecular Materials for Energy Storage. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 517-525. doi: 10.4236/msa.2018.96036.
References

[1]   U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) (2016) International Energy Outlook 2016 with Projections to 2040.
https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/ieo/pdf/0484(2016).pdf

[2]   Hao, X. (2013) A Review on the Dielectric Materials for High Energy-Storage Application. Journal of Advanced Dielectrics, 3, 1330001/1-1330001/14.
https://doi.org/10.1142/S2010135X13300016

[3]   Conway, B.E. (1999) Electrochemical Supercapacitors: Scientific Fundamentals and Technological Applications. Kluwer-Plenum, New York.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-3058-6

[4]   Shi, Z.Q., Jia, Q.X. and Anderson, W.A. (1991) High-Performance Barium Titanate Capacitors with Double Layer Structure, Journal of Electronic Materials, 20, 939-944.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02816036

[5]   Brown, B., Hess, D., Desai, V. and Deen, M.J. (2006) Dielectric Science and Technology. The Electrochem. Society Interface, 15, 28.

[6]   Hartman, R.D. and Pohl, H.A. (1968) Hyperelectronic Polarization in Macromolecular Solids. Journal of Polymer Science Part A-1: Polymer Chemisty, 6, 1135-1152.
https://doi.org/10.1002/pol.1968.150060506

[7]   Lazarev, P., Lokshin, K. and Nazarov, V. (2001) X-Ray Diffraction by Large Area Organic Crystalline Nano-Films. Mol. Materials, 14, 303-311.

[8]   Guselnikov, N., Lazarev, P., Paukshto, M. and Yeh, P. (2005) Translucent LCDs. Journal of Society for Information Display, 13, 339-348.
https://doi.org/10.1889/1.1904937

[9]   Lehn, J.-M. (1995) Supramolecular Chemistry, Concepts and Perspectives. VCH, Weinheim, 1-10.
https://doi.org/10.1002/3527607439

[10]   Lydon, J. (1998) Chromonics, in Handbook of Liquid Crystals. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Vol. 2B, 981-1007.

 
 
Top