ABSTRACT In this paper, we report the preparation of nickel phosphate in aqueous solution and its use as inorganic pigment. Because cerium phosphate is insoluble in acidic and basic solution, the addition of cerium was tried to improve the acid and base resistance of nickel phosphate pigment. The cerium substituted nickel phosphates were prepared from phosphoric acid, nickel nitrate, and ammonium cerium nitrate solution. The additional effects of tetravalent cerium cation were studied on the chemical composition, particle shape and size distribution, specific surface area, color, acid and base resistance of the precipitates and their thermal products.
Cite this paper
nullH. Onoda and T. Sakumura, "Synthesis and Pigmental Properties of Nickel Phosphates by the Substitution with Tetravalent Cerium Cation," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 11, 2011, pp. 1578-1583. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.211211.
 H. Onoda, H. Nariai, A. Moriwaki, H. Maki and I. Mo- tooka, “Formation and Catalytic Characterization of Va- rious Rare Earth Phosphates,” Journal of Materials Che- mistry, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2002, pp. 1754-1760.
 H. Onoda, T. Ohta, J. Tamaki and K. Kojima, “Decom- position of Trifluoromethane over Nickel Pyrophosphate Catalysts Containing Metal Cation,” Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 288, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 98-103.
 H. Onoda, K. Yokouchi, K. Kojima and H. Nariai, “Ad- dition of Rare Earth Cation on Formation and Properties of Various Cobalt Phosphates,” Materials Science and Engineering B, Vol. 116, No. 2, 2005, pp. 189-195.
 D. M. Lenz, M. Delamar and C. A. Ferreira, “Improve- ment of the Anticorrosion Properties of Polypyrrole by Zinc Phosphate Pigment Incorporation,” Progress in Or- ganic Coating, Vol. 58, No. 1, 2007, pp. 64-69.
 A. M. Mahdavian and M. M. Attar, “Investigation on Zinc Phosphate Effectiveness at Different Pigment Volume Concentrations via Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy,” Eletrochimica Acta, Vol. 50, No. 24, 2005, pp. 4645-4648. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2005.02.015
 M. A. Hernandez, F. Galliano and D. Landolt, “Mecha- nism of Cathodic Delamination Control of Zinc-Alu- minum Phosphate Pigment in Waterborne Coatings,” Corrosion Science, Vol. 46, No. 9, 2004, pp. 2281-2300.
 M. C. Deya, G. Blustein, R. Romagnoli and B. Amo, “The Influence of the Anion Type on the Anticorrosive Behaviour of Inorganic Phosphates,” Surface and Coating Technology, Vol. 150, No. 2-3, 2002, pp. 133-142.
 G. Li, Y. Shi, H. Hao, Z. Xia, Y. Lei, F. Guo and X. Li, “Effect of Rare Earth Addition on Shear Strength of SnAgCu Lead-Free Solder Joints,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2009, pp. 186-192. doi:10.1007/s10854-008-9696-z
 V. S. Vishnu, G. George and M. L. P. Reddy, “Effect of Molybdenum and Praseodymium Dopants on the Optical Properties of Sm2Ce2O7: Tuning of Band Gaps to Realize Various Color Hues,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 85, No. 3, 2010, pp. 117-123. doi:10.1016/j.dyepig.2009.10.012
 M. G. B. Nunes, L. S. Cavalcante, V. Santos, J. C. Sczancoski, M. R. M. Santos-Junior and E. Longo, “Sol- Gel Synethsis and Characterization of Fe2O3?CeO2 Doped with Pr Ceramic Pigments,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2008, pp. 38-43.
 V. S. Vishnu, G. George and M. L. P. Reddy, “Synthesis and Characterization of New Environmental Benign Tantalum-Doped Ce0.8Zr0.2O2 Yellow Pigments: Appli- cations in Coloring of Particles,” Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 82, No. 1, 2009, pp. 53-57.
 H. Onoda, H. Matsui and I. Tanaka, “Improvement of Acid and Base Resistance of Nickel Phosphate Pigment by the Addition of Lanthanum Cation,” Materials Science and Engineering B, Vo. 141, No. 1-2, 2007, pp. 28-33.
 H. Onoda H., K. Tange and I. Tanaka, “Influence of Lanthanum Addition on Preparation and Powder Pro- perties of Cobalt Phosphates,” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 43, No. 16, 2008, pp. 5483-5488.
 D. Bregiroux, O. Terra, F. Audubert, N. Dacheux, V. Serin, R. Podor and D. Bernache-Assollant, “Solid-State Synthesis of Monazite-Type Compounds Containing Te- travalent Elements,” Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 24, 2007, pp. 10372-10382. doi:10.1021/ic7012123
 A. A. Hanna, S. M. Mousa, G. M. Elkomy and M. A. Sherief, “Synthesis and Microstructure Studies of Nano- sized Cerium Phosphates,” European Journal of Che- mistry, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2010, pp. 211-215.
 F. Rohner, F. O. Ernst, M. Arnold, M. Hilde, R. Biebin- ger, F. Ehrensperger, S. E. Pratsinis, W. Langhans, R. F. Hurrell and M. B. Zimmermann, “Synthesis, Characteri- zation, and Bioavailability in Rats of Ferric Phosphate Nanoparticles,” The Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 137, No. 3, 2007, pp. 614-619.
 M. Badsar and M. Edrissi, “Synthesis and Characteriza- tion of Different Nanostructures of Cobalt Phosphate,” Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 9, 2010, pp. 1080-1084. doi:10.1016/j.materresbull.2010.06.022
 N. H. M. Kamel, W. S. Hegazy and J. D. Navratil, “Solubility and Sorption Properties of Some Phosphate Fertilizer Components on Soils,” Journal of Radio-ana- lytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 284, No. 3, 2010, pp. 653-658. doi:10.1007/s10967-010-0535-3
 T. J. Brunner, M. Bohner, C. Dora, C. Gerber and W. J. Stark, “Comparison of Amorphous TCP Nanoparticles to Micron-Sized α-TCP as Starting Materials for Calcium Phosphate Cements,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 83B, No. 2, 2007, pp. 400-407.
 J. C. Sczamcoski, L. S. Cavalcante, N. L. Marana, R. O. da. Silve, R. L. Tranquilin, M. R. Joya, P. S. Pizani, J. A. Sambrano, M. Siu Li, E. Longo and J. Andres, “Elec- tronic Structure and Optical Properties of BaMoO4 Pow- ders,” Current Applied Physics, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2010, pp. 614-624. doi:10.1016/j.cap.2009.08.006
 E. P. Lokshin, O. A. Tareeva and T. G. Kashulina, “Ef- fect of Sulfuric Acid and Sodium Cation on the Solubility of Lanthanides in Phosphoric Acid,” Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-7.
 E. P. Lokshin, O. A. Tareeva, and T. G. Kashulina, “Ef- fect of Sulfuric Acid and Sodium Cation on the Solubility of Lanthanides in Phosphoric Acid,” Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-7.