Back
 JACEN  Vol.7 No.2 , May 2018
Effect of Added Quantity of the Callistemon viminalis Essential Oil on the in Vivo Digestibility of Pennisetum clandestinum Hay and Some Biochemical Parameters on the West African Dwarf Goat
Abstract: The study of the effect of added quantity of the essential oil of Callistemon viminalis on the in vivo digestibility of Pennisetum clandestinum and some biochemical parameters on the West African Dwarf goat was conducted with nine old West African Dwarf goats. After the adaptation period, each animal received 900 and 100 g/day of Pennisetum clandestinum hay and concentrate respectively, associated with 0, 100 or 200 mg essential oil/kg of DM. The samples of 100 g of each ration, faeces and 10 ml of urine were collected and analyzed for chemical composition and the evaluation of ingestion and digestibility. Also blood samples were obtained from jugular vein of all goats after in vivo digestibility test for the dosage of biochemical parameters. The results of this study show that the ingestion of dry matter, organic matter and the fibers were significantly (p < 0.05) higher on the goat with the ration FPc + HECv200. The digestibilities of these same components were equally higher with the ration FPc + HECv200 (71.00% and 69.00% respectively for the dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM)). Retained (5.64 g/j) and digested (51.33) nitrogen were significantly (p < 0.05) higher with the ration FPc + HECv200. The values of blood metabolites studied increased significantly (p < 0.05) with added quantity of essential oil in the rations, except for albumin, globulin, glucose and the low-density lipoprotein (LDL). In general, the incorporation of essential oils of Callistemon viminalis in the ration improved ingestion, digestibility and biochemical parameters on the West African Dwarf goat.
Cite this paper: Mekuiko, H. , Tendonkeng, F. , Ngoula, F. , Miegoue, E. , Lemoufouet, J. , Zogang, B. , Muhindo, Z. , Chounna, A. , Mouchili, M. and Tedonkeng, E. (2018) Effect of Added Quantity of the Callistemon viminalis Essential Oil on the in Vivo Digestibility of Pennisetum clandestinum Hay and Some Biochemical Parameters on the West African Dwarf Goat. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 7, 81-93. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2018.72008.
References

[1]   Mohsen, S., Rasoul, P. and Sina, P. (2014) The Effect of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Essential Oil on Digestibility, Ruminal Fermentation and Blood Metabolites of Ghezel Sheep Fed Barley-Based Diets. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 12, 448-454.
https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2014122-4805

[2]   Noirot, V.R., Moncoulon, D., Sauvant, C. and Bayourthe (2007) Effet d’une supplémentation en huiles essentielles et composés d’huiles essentielles chez le ruminant : analyse statistique. Revue de Médecine Véterinaire, 12, 589-597.

[3]   Patra, A.K. (2011) Effects of Essential Oils on Rumen Fermentation, Microbial Ecology and Ruminant Production. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary advances, 6, 416-428.
https://doi.org/10.3923/ajava.2011.416.428

[4]   Gershenzon, J. and Croteau, R. (1991) Terpenoids. In: Rosenthal, G.A. and Berenbaum, M.R., Eds., Herbivores. Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites, Academic Press, San Diego, 165-219.
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-597183-6.50010-3

[5]   Greathead, H. (2003) Plant and Plant Extract for Improving Animal Productivity. Proceeding of the Nutrition Society, 62, 279-290.
https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS2002197

[6]   Calsamiglia, S., Busquet, M., Cardozo, P.W., Castillejos, L. and Ferret, A. (2007) Invited Review: Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science, 90, 2580-2595.
https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2006-644

[7]   Bayourthe, C. and Ali-Haimoud-Lekhal, D. (2014) Les extraits de plantes chez le ruminant: effets sur les fermentations dans le rumen et la qualité lipidique des produits animaux. INRA Productions Animales, 4, 317-328.

[8]   Benchaar, C., Calsamiglia, C., Chaves, A.V., Fraser, G.R., Colombatto, D., Mc Allister, T.A. and Beauchemin K.A. (2008) A Review of Plant-Derived Essential Oils in Ruminant Nutrition and Production. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 145, 209-228.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.04.014

[9]   Mohamad, J.K., Ghaytha, M. and Bahira, Z. (2016) Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Cupressus sempervirens L. Leaves in Syria. International Journal of Toxicological and Pharmacological Research, 8, 281-286.

[10]   Tendonkeng, F., Fogang, Z.B., Camara, S., Boukila, B. and Pamo, T.E. (2014) Effect of Inclusion Level of Tithonia diversifolia Leaves in Multinutrient Blocks on Intake and in Vivo Digestibility of Brachiariaruziziensis Straw in West African Dwarf Goat. Tropicultural Animimal Health Production, 46, 981-986.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-014-0597-2

[11]   Wang, L. and Waller, C. (200) Recent Advanced in Extraction of Nutraceuticals from Plants. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 17, 300-312.

[12]   Steele, R.G. and Torrie, J.H. (1980) Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hill Book, New York, 633 p.

[13]   Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V., Berthiaume, R., Whyte, T.D. and Chouinard, P.Y. (2006) Effects of Addition of Essential Oils and Monensin Premix on Digestion, Ruminal Fermentation, Milk Production and Milk Composition in Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 4352-4364.
https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72482-1

[14]   Aouadi, D.B. and Salem, H. (2012) Effets de l’administration des huiles essentielles de Rosmarinus officinalis et de Artemisia herba alba sur l’ingestion et la digestion des béliers de race. Rencontre Recherche Ruminants, 19 p.

[15]   Santos, M.B., Robinson, P.H., Williams, P. and Losa, R. (2010) Effects of Addition of an Essential Oil Complex to the Diet of Lactating Dairy Cows on Whole Tract Digestion of Nutrients and Productive Performance. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 157, 64-71.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2010.02.001

[16]   Khan, R.U., Naz, S., Nikousefat, Z., Tufarelli, V., Javdani, M., Qureshi, M.S. and Laudadio, V. (2012) Potential Applications of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in Poultry Diets. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 68, 245-252.
https://doi.org/10.1017/S004393391200030X

[17]   Khateri, N., Azizi, O. and Jahani, A.H. (2016) Effects of a Specific Blend of Essential Oils on Apparent Nutrient Digestion, Rumen Fermentation and Rumen Microbial Populations in Sheep Fed a 50:50 Alfalfa Hay: Concentrate Diet. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 30, 370-378.

[18]   Castillejos, L., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. and Losa, R. (2005) Effects of a Specific Blend of Essential Oil Compounds and the Type of Diet on Rumen Microbial Fermentation and Nutrient Flow from a Continuous Culture System. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 119, 29-41.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2004.12.008

[19]   Castillejos, L., Calsamiglia, S. and Ferret, A. (2006) Effect of Essential Oil Active Compounds on Rumen Microbial Fermentation and Nutrient Flow in in Vitro Systems. Journal of Dairy Science, 89, 2649-2658.
https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72341-4

[20]   Cardozo, P.W., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. and Kamel, C. (2004) Effects of Natural Plant Extracts on Ruminal Protein Degradation and Fermentation Profiles in Continuous Culture. Journal of Animal Science, 82, 3230-3236.
https://doi.org/10.2527/2004.82113230x

[21]   Busquet, M., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. and Kamel, C. (2005) Screening for the Effects of Natural Plant Extracts and Secondary Plant Metabolites on Rumen Microbial Fermentation in Continuous Culture. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 123, 597-613.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2005.03.008

[22]   Lapierre, H., Berthiaume, R., Ragio G., Thivierge, M.C., Doepel, L., Pacheco, D., Dubreuil, P. and Lobley, G.E. (2005) The Route of Absorbed Nitrogen into Milk Protein. Animal Science, 80, 11-22.
https://doi.org/10.1079/ASC41330011

[23]   McIntosh, F.M., Williams, P., Losa, R., Wallace, R.J., Beever, D.A. and Newbold, C.J. (2003) Effects of Essential Oils on Ruminal Microorganisms and Their Protein Metabolism. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 5011-5014.
https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.8.5011-5014.2003

[24]   Newbold, C.J., Mcintosh, F.M., Williams, P., Losa, R. and Wallace, R.J. (2004) Effects of a Specific Blend of Essential Oil Compounds on Rumen Fermentation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 114, 105-112.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.12.006

[25]   Hristov, A.N., Ropp, J.K., Zaman, S. and Melgar, A. (2008) Effects of Essential Oils on in Vitro Ruminal Fermentation and Ammonia Release. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 144, 55-64.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2007.09.034

[26]   Amlan, K. and Patra, J.S. (2010) A New Perspective on the Use of Plant Secondary Metabolites to Inhibit Methanogenesis in the Rumen. Phytochemistry, 71, 1198-1222.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.05.010

[27]   Benchaar, C., Whyte, T.D., Petit, H.V., Berthiaume, R., Ouellet, D.R. and Chouinard, P.Y. (2003) Effects of Essential Oils and Monensin on Ruminal pH, Ammonia Concentration and in Situ Degradation of Dry Matter and Nitrogen in the Rumen of Lactating Dairy Cows. Proceedings of the 2003 Joint Meeting of American Dairy Science Association and American Society of Animal Science, Phoenix, 22-26 June 2003, 273-274.

[28]   McEwan, N.R., Graham, R.C., Wallace, R.J., Losa, R., Williams, P. and Newbold, C.J. (2002) Effect of Essential Oils on Ammonia Production by Rumen Microbes. Reproduction Nutrition Development, 42, S65.

[29]   Molero, R., Ibars, M., Calsamiglia, S., Ferret, A. and Losa, R. (2004) Effects of a Specific Blend of Essential Oil Compounds on Dry Matter and Crude Protein Degradability in Heifers Fed Diets with Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 114, 91-104.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2003.11.011

[30]   Ndoutamia, G. and Ganda, K. (2005) Détermination des paramètres hématologiques et biochimiques des petits ruminants du Tchad. Revue de Médecine Véterinaire, 156, 202-206.

[31]   Zhang, J.Z., Miao, S.J., Huang, S. and Li, S.L. (2009) Effect Different Levels of Spirulina on Ruminal Internal Environment and Degradation of Fibre in Dairy Cows. Chinese Journal of Catalysis, 36, 32-36.

[32]   Chaves, A.V., Stanford, K., Dugan, M.E.R., Gibson, L.L., McAllister, T.A., Van, H.F. and Benchaar, C. (2008) Effects of Cinnamaldehyde, Garlic and Juniper Berry Essential Oils on Rumen Fermentation, Blood Metabolites, Growth Performance, and Carcass Characteristics of Growing Lambs. Livestock Science, 117, 215-224.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2007.12.013

[33]   Chaves, A.V., Dugan, M.E.R., Stanford, K., Gibson, L.L., Brystom, J.M., McAllister, T.A., Van, H.F. and Benchaar, C. (2011) A Dose-Response of Cinnamaldehyde Supplementation on Intake, Ruminal Fermentation, Blood Metabolites, Growth Performance, and Carcass Characteristics of Growing Lambs. Livestock Science, 141, 213-220.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2011.06.006

 
 
Top