IJMPCERO  Vol.7 No.2 , May 2018
Imaging and Dosimetric Consideration for Titanium Prosthesis Implanted within the Irradiated Region by Cobalt-60 Teletherapy Unit
Abstract: The aim of this research is to observe dose distributions in the vicinity of titanium prosthetic implants during radiotherapy procedures on 60Co teletherapy machine, Prowess Panther treatment planning system (TPS). Data were obtained using a locally fabricated tissue equivalent phantom CT images with titanium prosthesis which was irradiated with 60Co gamma radiation. Prowess TPS (1.25 MeV) estimated less variations. Proximal ends of the metal recorded slight increase in doses as a result of backscatter with dose increment below acceptable tolerance of ±3%. Doses measured decreases on the distal side of the prosthesis at a distance less than dmax from the plate on each beam energy. The depth dose increases marginally after a certain depth level which generally originated from the unperturbed dose due to increase in the electron fluence. The percentage of depth doses decrease with the increase in plate thickness. A reduction in the above trend was also noticed with an increase in beam energy primarily because scattered photons are more forwardly directed. Prowess TPS (convolution superposition algorithm) was found to be better at reducing dose variation when correction for artifact. Manual calculations on blue phantom data agree with results from Prowess. This treatment system is capable of simulating dose around titanium prosthesis as its range of densities, 0.00121 to 2.83, excludes titanium density (rED for titanium is 3.74).
Cite this paper: Indongo, V. , Tagoe, S. , Kyere, K. and Schandorf, C. (2018) Imaging and Dosimetric Consideration for Titanium Prosthesis Implanted within the Irradiated Region by Cobalt-60 Teletherapy Unit. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 7, 160-172. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2018.72014.

[1]   Claude, K.P., Tagoe, S.N.A., Schandorf, C. and Amuasi, J.H. (2013) Fabrication of a Tissue Characterization Phantom from Indigenous Materials for Computed Tomography Electron Density Calibration: Peer Reviewed Original Article. The South African Radiographer, 51, 9-17.

[2]   Nobah, A., Moftah, B., Tomic, N. and Devic, S. (2011) Influence of Electron Density Spatial Distribution and X-Ray Beam Quality during CT Simulation on Dose Calculation Accuracy. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 12, 80-89.

[3]   Reft, C., et al. (2003) Dosimetric Considerations for Patients with HIP Prostheses Undergoing Pelvic Irradiation. Report of the AAPM Radiation Therapy Committee Task Group 63. Medical Physics, 30, 1162-1180.

[4]   Wei, J., Sandison, G.A., Hsi, W.-C., Ringor, M. and Lu, X. (2006) Dosimetric Impact of a CT Metal Artefact Suppression Algorithm for Proton, Electron and Photon Therapies. Physics in Medicine & Biology, 51, 51-83.

[5]   Saw, C.B., Loper, A., Komanduri, K., Combine, T., Huq, S. and Scicutella, C. (2005) Determination of CT-to-Density Conversion Relationship for Image-Based Treatment Planning Systems. Medical Dosimetry, 30, 145-148.

[6]   Shimozato, T., et al. (2010) Dose Distribution near Thin Titanium Plate for Skull Fixation Irradiated by a 4-MV Photon Beam. Journal of Medical Physics, 35, 81-87.

[7]   Chatzigiannis, C., et al. (2011) Dose Perturbation in the Radiotherapy of Breast Cancer Patients Implanted with the Magna-Site: A Monte Carlo Study. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 12, 58-70.

[8]   Miften, M., Wiesmeyer, M., Monthofer, S. and Krippner, K. (2000) Implementation of FFT Convolution and Multigrid Superposition Models in the FOCUS RTP System. Physics in Medicine & Biology, 45, 817.

[9]   Bazalova, M., Beaulieu, L., Palefsky, S. and Verhaegen, F. (2007) Correction of CT Artifacts and Its Influence on Monte Carlo Dose Calculations. Medical Physics, 34, 2119.