JBM  Vol.6 No.4 , April 2018
Antibiotics Resistance Pattern and Plasmid Profiling of Edwardsiella tarda Isolated from Heterobranchus longifilis
Abstract: A study was carried out to investigate antibiotic resistance patterns and plasmid profiling of Edwardsiella tarda isolated from farmed-cultured Heterobranchus longifilis in Lagos State, Southwest of Nigeria. A total of 44 Edwardsiella isolates were recovered from 80 fish samples collected from the 10 fish farms using selective random stratification. It was observed that Edwardsiella tarda isolates were 100% resistant to Amoxicillin, Chloranphenicol, Levofloxacin, Streptomycin and 90% resistant to Nalidixic Acid respectively. All the isolates were 100% susceptible to Spectinomycin and Ciprofloxacin, while Ofloxacin, Gentamycin, and Pefloxacin vary in their level of susceptibility with 90%, 80% and 70% sensitivity respectively. Conversely, 8 out of 10 fish farm locations studied were observed to have antibiotic-resistant strains, and 5 out of 8 drug-resistant strains were found to carry plasmid and the sizes of the plasmid ranges between 20.027 kb to 23.130 kb. The plasmid after treatment with mitomycin C and ethidium bromide were lost during the process of plasmid curing confirming that the multiple drug resistant exhibited by the isolates was plasmid mediated. There are fewer studies on antibiotic resistance in Edwardsiella tarda from aquaculture enterprises and this study provides further support to the view that there is a potential risk of transfer of resistant bacteria and their genes to human pathogen through the food chain. Although, in Nigeria there is no antibiotic product registered for aquaculture usage, yet fish farmers use them off-label for bacterial diseases prevention.
Cite this paper: Ogbonne, F. , Ukazu, E. and Egbe, F. (2018) Antibiotics Resistance Pattern and Plasmid Profiling of Edwardsiella tarda Isolated from Heterobranchus longifilis. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 6, 95-105. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2018.64008.

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