IJCM  Vol.9 No.4 , April 2018
Injury Pattern among Road Traffic Accidents’ Victims in Najran City, Saudi Arabia
Abstract: Traffic accidents constitute the substantial cause of disability and mortality in the young Saudi individuals reaching horrible figures. The aim of this study was to review and identify the pattern of injury among road traffic accident (RTA) victims as well as the peak time of accidents and their implications. This retrospective hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the period between April 2016 to March 2017 in King Khalid Hospital, Maternity and Children Hospital and Najran General Hospital, Najran, Saudi Arabia. All RTA victims admitted to the emergency departments of the pre-mentioned hospitals. Data collected from 435 Saudis and non-Saudis’ files were statistically analyzed with regard to age, gender, the timing of road traffic accidents, injury pattern, and neurological deficits incidence. Most of the RTAs’ cases (92%) were male victims with the highest peak in the age group 20 - 29 years. 58% of the RTAs happened in the evening (6:00 PM-9:00 PM) while 20% occurred in the morning. Head injury represented the most frequent pattern (36%) followed by the spinal injury (23%), lower limb injury (23%), upper limb injury (20%), thoracic injury (17%), pelvic injury and abdominal injury (8%). 4.4% of RTAs resulted in death whilst 9% of cases experienced neurological deficits. In conclusion, young male drivers in Najran recorded the highest frequency of RTAs. Initiation of road safety education and expansion of speed detectors (Saher) system deployment is highly recommended.
Cite this paper: Al-Zamanan, M. , Al-Yami, A. , Al-Najrani, A. , Al-Asmari, M. , Manaa, A. , Al-Qahtani, A. , Shalayel, M. , Elbashir, A. and Alsareii, S. (2018) Injury Pattern among Road Traffic Accidents’ Victims in Najran City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9, 270-280. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2018.94024.

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