Back
 GEP  Vol.6 No.4 , April 2018
Sediment Oxygen Demand of a Leachate Pond at an Offshore Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Site 2 Years after the Site Was Closed
Abstract: Various water quality parameters of a leachate pond at an offshore municipal solid waste disposal site were monitored. The pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), and water temperature at the bottom of the leachate pond were measured during Sep. (the 1st period) and Nov.-Dec. (the 2nd period) of 2011. The results suggested that the stratification of water temperature in the pond had gradually broken down due to convection occurring between the end of the 1st period and the 2nd period. The pH was almost constant at 10 - 11 during the 1st period and was approximately 11.5 during the 2nd period. The DO was almost zero during both periods. An anaerobic batch experiment with sampled sediment was undertaken to elucidate the mechanism of material leaching from the sediment. DO decreased under all experimental conditions. With respect to oxidation reduction potential (ORP) and total sulfide in addition to DO, the condition most closely mimicking that of the site became the most anaerobic. The average sediment oxygen demand, SODave, was calculated using a brief numerical model based on batch experiment data. The SODave was 1114.7 mg/m2/d, indicating that at least 434 g/d of oxygen must be supplied to the leachate pond to maintain the DO.
Cite this paper: Sakita, S. , Nishimoto, J. and Nishimura, K. (2018) Sediment Oxygen Demand of a Leachate Pond at an Offshore Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Site 2 Years after the Site Was Closed. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 181-193. doi: 10.4236/gep.2018.64011.
References

[1]   Japan Ministry of the Environment (2012) Annual Report on Waste Management in Japan. Japan Ministry of the Environment, Tokyo. (In Japanese)

[2]   Renou, S., Givaudan, J.G., Poulain, S., Dirassouyan, F. and Moulin, P. (2008) Landfill Leachate Treatment: Review and Opportunity. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150, 468-493.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.09.077

[3]   Loizidou, M. and Kapetanios, E.G. (1992) Study on the Gaseous Emissions from a Landfill. Science of the Total Environment, 127, 201-210.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(92)90503-K

[4]   Sakita, S., Nishimoto, J. and Nishimura, K. (2014) A Survey on Characteristics of Leachate Pond in an Offshore Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Site. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 18, 348-355.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-014-0343-x
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10163-014-0343-x

[5]   Koga, D., Shimaoka, T., Sakita, S., Hanashima, M. and Kokubo, H. (2003) Settlement Characteristics of Incineration Residue and the Behavior of the Pollutant in a Sea Area Landfill Site. Symposium on the 9th International Waste Management and Landfill (in CD-ROM), 10 October 2003, Sardinia, 255-257.

[6]   Kanai, T., Muraki, H., Fujii, K. and Momose, H. (1992) Variation of Water Quality in the Discharged Pond of Sea Area Landfill. Journal of Japan Waste Management Association, 45, 485-489. (In Japanese)

[7]   Ishii, A. and Fukuhara, I. (2004) Change of Leachate Quality in Minami-Honmaki Landfill. Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of Waste Management Association, 28 January 2004, Nagoya, 282-284. (In Japanese)

[8]   Nishio, T. (2006) Relationship between Water Quality and Microbial Activity in the Pretreatment Pond of a Sea-Based Solid Waste Disposal Site. Journal of Urban Living and Health Association, 50, 291-298. (In Japanese)

[9]   Sah, L., Rousseau, D.P.L. and Hooijmans, C.M. (2012) Numerical Modelling of Waste Stabilization Ponds: Where Do We Stand? Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 223, 3155-3171.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11270-012-1098-4

[10]   Fernandes, H., Viancelli, A., Martins, C.L., Antonio, R.V. and Costa, R.H.R. (2013) Microbial and Chemical Profile of a Ponds System for the Treatment of Landfill Leachate. Waste Management, 33, 2123-2128.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2012.10.024

[11]   Japan Sewage Works Association (1997) Sewage Water Testing Method, 623-627. (In Japanese)

[12]   Japan Meteorological Agency http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/indexe.html

[13]   Postgate, J.R (1984) The Sulphate-Reducing Bacteria. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[14]   Widdel, F. (1988) Microbiology and Ecology of Sulphateand Sulpur Reducing Bacteria. In: Zehnder, A., ed., Biology of Anaerobic Organisms, Wiley, New York, 456-486.

[15]   Sivula, L.J., Va¨isa¨nen, A.O. and Rintala, J.A. (2007) Treatment of Leachate from MSWI Bottom Ash Landfilling with Anaerobic Sulphate-Reducing Process. Water Research, 41, 835-841.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2006.11.036

[16]   Japan Society of Civil Engineering (2004) Formulas, Models and Tables in Environmental Engineering. 355.

[17]   Higashino, M. (2011) Oxygen Consumption by a Sediment Bed for Stagnant Water: Comparison to SOD with Fluid Flow. Water Research, 45, 4381-4389.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2011.04.051

[18]   Kjeldsen, P., Barlaz, M.A., Rooker, A.P., Baun, A., Ledin, A. and Christensen, T.H. (2002) Present and Long-Term Composition of MSW Landfill Leachate: A Review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 297-336.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10643380290813462

[19]   Giani, M., Gabellini, M., Pellegrini, D., Costantin, S., Beccaloni, E. and Giordano, R. (1994) Concentration and Partitioning of Hg, Cr and Pb in Sediments of Dredge and Disposal Sites of the Northern Adriatic Sea. Science of the Total Environment, 158, 97-112.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0048-9697(94)90050-7

[20]   Butler, E., Hung, Y.-T., Al Ahmad, M.S., Yeh, R.Y.-L., Liu, R.L.-H. and Fu, Y.-P. (2015) Oxidation Pond for Municipal Wastewater Treatment. Applied Water Science, 7, 31-51.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13201-015-0285-z

[21]   Kamaruddin, M.A., Yusoff, M.S., Aziz, H.A. and Basri, N.K. (2013) Removal of COD, Ammoniacal Nitrogen and Colour from Stabilized Landfill Leachate by Anaerobic Organism. Applied Water Science, 3, 359-366.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13201-013-0086-1

[22]   Kale, S.S., Kadam, A.K., Kumar, S. and Pawar, N.J. (2010) Evaluating Pollution Potential of Leachate from Landfill Site, from the Pune Metropolitan City and Its Impact on Shallow Basaltic Aquifers. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 162, 327-346.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-009-0799-7
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-0799-7

[23]   Gao, J., Oloibiri, V., Chys, M., Audenaert, W., Decostere, B., He, Y., Van Langenhove, H., Demeestere, K. and Van Hulle, S.W.H. (2015) The Present Status of Landfill Leachate Treatment and Its Development Trend from a Technological Point of View. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, 14, 93-122.
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11157-014-9349-z
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-014-9349-z

 
 
Top