Back
 IJMNTA  Vol.7 No.1 , March 2018
Analysis and Evaluation to a State’s Fragility
Abstract: Climate change is a global focus over the decades. It triggers many environment issues frequently, even serious natural disasters. The potential effects of the climate change are worse than itself. Many of these effects will gradually weaken the structure of society and government. As a result, the broken governments will turn into fragile states which refer to those states that are not able or choose not to provide the basic essentials to its people. We develop the fuzzy mathematics evaluation model to analyze the problem and evaluate the degree of a country’s fragility, and we definite the fragility evaluation levels through the results in the model. In addition, we also apply our model to Yemen and compare the different situations whether considering climate change or not. Then we put our eyes on South Africa, a getting-warmer country in Africa. We construct the second model—Time series forecasting model, to grasp the changing fragility trend in South Africa and make prediction to see time and ways the fragility degree will change. Furthermore, we modify the forecasting model and use a brand new third model which is called grey model, to figure out the importance of Somalia governmental aid along with intervention by predicting that the arrival of drought in Somalia will be slowed down through positive response from the government.
Cite this paper: Su, Z. , Nie, Y. and Xie, F. (2018) Analysis and Evaluation to a State’s Fragility. International Journal of Modern Nonlinear Theory and Application, 7, 16-33. doi: 10.4236/ijmnta.2018.71002.
References

[1]   European Council (2007) Council Conclusions on an EU Response to Situations of Fragility. 19-20 November.

[2]   Analytic Hierarchy Process: An Overview of Applications, Omkarprasad S. Vaidya, Sushil Kumar, 2006.

[3]   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytic_hierarchy_process_%E2%80%93_leader_example

[4]   Fragile State Index. http://fundforpeace.org/fsi/

[5]   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yemeni_Civil_War_(2015%E2%80%93present

[6]   Yemen Crisis: Who Is Fighting Whom? BBC News, World-Middle East, 2018.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-29319423

[7]   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yemen#Regions_and_climate

[8]   https://www.preventionweb.net/countries/yem/data/

[9]   https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=YE

[10]   http://fundforpeace.org/fsi/

[11]   https://briefly.co.za/4773-video-shows-uzalo-stars-beauty-netizens-throw-shade.html#4773

[12]   Fragile State Index. http://fundforpeace.org/fsi/

[13]   LSE Research Online, Jo Beall, Stephen Gelb and Shireen Hassim, Fragile Stability: State and Society in Democratic South Africa.

[14]   Somalia Drought Emergency Response in 2017.
https://www.icrc.org/en/document/somalia-drought-emergency-response-2017

[15]   Discussion Paper Fragile States and Fragile Cities, Independent Commission on Multilateralism.

 
 
Top