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 GEP  Vol.6 No.3 , March 2018
Investigation on the Association of Soil Microbial Populations with Ecological and Environmental Factors in the Pearl River Estuary
Abstract:
An investigation on the soil microbe populations from an agricultural inning area at the Pearl River estuary in Guangdong province, China was conducted via high through-put sequencing. The results revealed abundant diversity in the soil bacterial and fungal populations. In total, 197103 sequence tags were obtained from soil samples, most of which represented bacterial genera Actinomycetes, Bacillus and Marinobacter, while a majority of 118378 tags obtained were derived from fungal genera Clostridium, Devosia, Bradyrhizobium, Bdellovibrio, Phenylobacterium, Penicillium, and Emericella. Furthermore, nine physiological indexes (pH, available phosphorous, basic-group nitrogen, available potassium, catalase, sucrose, urease, phosphatase, and organic matters) were measured in three soil samples, and the association between these physiological indexes and microbe population composition was examined. The results revealed obvious inter-sample differences associated with ten dominating microbial groups: genera Clostridium, Devosia, Bradyrhizobium, Bdellovibrio, Phenylobacterium, and Penicillium were mainly impacted by pH (with a positive correlation), genera Sphingomonas and Acinetobacter mainly by available phosphorous (positive correlation), and genera Gemmatimonas and Pseudomonas by both pH and available phosphorous (negative correlation). Our study suggested that regulation of microbial species/populations might help improve soil environment to facilitate the growth of crops’ above-ground parts, and this provides practical information for inning agriculture.
Cite this paper: Qiao, Y. , Xu, D. , Yuan, H. , Wu, B. , Chen, B. , Tan, Y. , Lin, J. and Guo, D. (2018) Investigation on the Association of Soil Microbial Populations with Ecological and Environmental Factors in the Pearl River Estuary. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 8-14. doi: 10.4236/gep.2018.63002.
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