Back
 OJCE  Vol.8 No.1 , March 2018
Compressive and Flexural Strength of Recycled Reactive Powder Concrete Containing Finely Dispersed Local Wastes
Abstract: The main objective of this experimental study is to investigate the behavior of Recycled Reactive Powder Concrete (RRPC) developed from finely dispersed local waste raw materials. In this study, RRPC was developed by utilizing local wastes (finely dispersed waste glass powder, waste fly ash and waste ceramic powder) together with Portland cement, fine sand, admixture, steel fibers and water through full replacement of silica fume as well as quartz powder for sustainable construction practice. In this study, all raw materials for making RRPC were analyzed for X-Ray Fluorescence analysis. For sustainability of local construction works, this study employed standard curing method at ambient temperatures instead of steam curing at higher temperatures. Moreover, hand mixing was used throughout the study. To evaluate the structural performances of the developed RRPC mixes, compressive and flexural strengths of RRPC were investigated experimentally and compared with the control mix. The experimental results indicated that replacing the silica fume fully by finely dispersed local waste glass powder (GP) and fly ash (FA) is a promising approach for local structural construction applications. Accordingly, a mean compressive strength of 62.9 MPa and flexural strength of 8.8 MPa were developed using 50% GP-50% FA at 28thdays standard curing. In this study, 17.56% larger compressive strength and 30.6% flexural strength improvements were observed as compared to the control mix.
Cite this paper: Asteray, D. , Oyawa, W. , Shitote, S. (2018) Compressive and Flexural Strength of Recycled Reactive Powder Concrete Containing Finely Dispersed Local Wastes. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 8, 12-26. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2018.81002.
References

[1]   Ahmad, S., Zubair, A. and Maslehuddin, M. (2015) Effect of Key Mixture Parameters on Flow and Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 99, 73-81.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.09.010

[2]   Ali, I. (2015) Behavior of Concrete by Using Waste Glass Powder and Fly Ash as a Partial Replacement of Cement. Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), 4, 1238-1243.

[3]   Ipek, M., Yilmaz, K. and Uysal, M. (2012) The Effect of Pre-Setting Pressure Applied Flexural Strength and Fracture Toughness of Reactive Powder Concrete during the Setting Phase. Construction and Building Materials, 26, 459-465.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.06.045

[4]   Ipek, M., Yilmaz, K., Sümer, M. and Saribiyik, M. (2011) Effect of Pre-Setting Pressure Applied to Mechanical Behaviours of Reactive Powder Concrete during Setting Phase. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 61-68.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.06.056

[5]   Ji, T., Chen, C.Y. and Zhuang, Y.Z. (2012) Evaluation Method for Cracking Resistant Behavior of Reactive Powder Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 28, 45-49.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.08.060

[6]   Kakad, P.R., Gaikwad, G.B., Hetkale, R.R., Kolekar, D.S. and Paul, P.Y. (2015) Reactive Powder Concrete Using Fly Ash. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 22, 380-383.
https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V22P278

[7]   Bonneau, O., Vernet, C., Moranville, M. and Aitcin, P.C. (2000) Characterization of the Granular Packing and Percolation Threshold of Reactive Powder Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, 1861-1867.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00300-8

[8]   Lee, M.G., Wang, Y.C. and Te Chiu, C. (2007) A Preliminary Study of Reactive Powder Concrete as a New Repair Material. Construction and Building Materials, 21, 182-189.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.06.024

[9]   Canbaz, M. (2014) The Effect of High Temperature on Reactive Powder Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 70, 508-513.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.097

[10]   Maroliya, M.K. (2012) An Investigation on Reactive Powder Concrete Containing Steel Fibers and Fly-Ash. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 2, 538-545.

[11]   Bhusari, J.P. and Gumaste, K.S. (2017) A State of the Art Report on Ultra High Performance Concrete?: Reactive Powder Concrete. International Organization of Scientific Research, 7, 1-6.

[12]   Chan, Y.W. and Chu, S.H. (2004) Effect of Silica Fume on Steel Fiber Bond Characteristics in Reactive Powder Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34, 1167-1172.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2003.12.023

[13]   Liu, C.T. and Huang, J.S. (2009) Fire Performance of Highly Flowable Reactive Powder Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 2072-2079.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.08.022

[14]   Mujamil, K., Vinay, D., Ali, S.M., Shridhar, B.M. and Kulkarni, K.S. (2015) Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete for Different Curing Regimes. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 8, 2698-2702.

[15]   Ni, C.Y., et al. (2015) Perforation Resistance of Corrugated Metallic Sandwich Plates Filled with Reactive Powder Concrete: Experiment and Simulation. Composite Structures, 127, 426-435.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2015.02.059

[16]   An, M.Z., Zhang, L.J. and Yi, Q.X. (2008) Size Effect on Compressive Strength of Reactive Powder Concrete. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology, 18, 279-282.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1006-1266(08)60059-0

[17]   Al-Attar, T.S., Ali, A.S. and Al-Nu’man, B.S. (2012) Behavior of Polymer Modified Reactive Powder Concrete Exposed to Oil Products. Woodhead Publishing Limited, Poland.

[18]   Ghafari, E., Ghahari, S.A., Costa, H., Júlio, E., Portugal, A. and Duraes, L. (2016) Effect of Supplementary Cementitious Materials on Autogenous Shrinkage of Ultra-High Performance Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 127, 43-48.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.09.123

[19]   Cheyrezy, M., Maret, V. and Frouin, L. (1995) Microstructural Analysis of RPC (Reactive Powder Concrete). Cement and Concrete Research, 25, 1491-1500.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(95)00143-Z

[20]   Tafraoui, A. and Vidal, T. (2009) Metakaolin in the Formulation of UHPC. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 669-674.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.02.018

[21]   Darshita, T. and Anoop, P. (2014) Study of Strength and Workability of Different Grades of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Fine Aggregate by Crushed Brick and Recycled Glass Powder. International Journal of Science and Research, 3, 141-145.

[22]   Du, H. and Tan, K.H. (2017) Properties of High Volume Glass Powder Concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 75, 22-29.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2016.10.010

[23]   Ghosh, S.K., Chaudhury, A., Datta, R. and Bera, D.K. (2015) A Review on Performance of Pervious Concrete Using Waste Materials. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 4, 105-115.

[24]   Afshinnia, K. and Rangaraju, P.R. (2016) Impact of Combined Use of Ground Glass Powder and Crushed Glass Aggregate on Selected Properties of Portland Cement Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 117, 263-272.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.072

[25]   Chidiac, S.E. and Mihaljevic, S.N. (2011) Performance of Dry Cast Concrete Blocks Containing Waste Glass Powder or Polyethylene Aggregates. Cement and Concrete Composites, 33, 855-863.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2011.05.004

[26]   Soliman, N.A. (2017) Partial Substitution of Silica Fume with Fine Glass Powder in UHPC?: Filling the Micro Gap. Construction and Building Materials, 139, 374-383.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.084

[27]   Zhu, P., Mao, X., Qu, W., Li, Z. and Ma, Z.J. (2016) Investigation of Using Recycled Powder from Waste of Clay Bricks and Cement Solids in Reactive Powder Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 113, 246-254.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.03.040

[28]   Yazici, H., Yardimci, M.Y., Yigiter, H., Aydin, S. and Türkel, S. (2010) Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete Containing High Volumes of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag. Cement and Concrete Composites, 32, 639-648.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2010.07.005

[29]   BS EN-1008 (2002) Mixing Water for Concrete—Specification for Sampling, Testing and Assessing the Suitability of Water. BSI, London.

[30]   BS 812-103.1 (1985) Testing Aggregates—Part 103: Methods for Determination of Particle Size Distribution—Section 103.1 Sieve Tests. BSI, London.

[31]   Kushartomo, W., Bali, I. and Sulaiman, B. (2015) Mechanical Behavior of Reactive Powder Concrete with Glass Powder Substitute. Procedia Engineering, 125, 617-622.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2015.11.082

[32]   BS EN 12390-1 (2000) British Standard for Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 1: Shape, Dimensions and Other Requirements for Specimens and Moulds. BSI, London.

[33]   BS EN 12390-2 (2000) British Standard for Testing Hardened Concrete—Part 2: Making and Curing Specimens for Strength Tests. BSI, London.

[34]   Dumitru, I., Song, T., Caprar, V., Brooks, P. and Moss, J. (2010) Incorporation of Recycled Glass for Durable Concrete. Second International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Ancona, 28-30 June 2010, 9 p.

[35]   Kou, S.C. and Xing, F. (2012) The Effect of Recycled Glass Powder and Reject Fly Ash on the Mechanical Properties of Fibre-Reinforced Ultrahigh Performance Concrete. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2012, Article ID: 263243.
https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/263243

 
 
Top