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 Health  Vol.10 No.2 , February 2018
Relationship among Health Related Quality of Life, Quality of Sleep, and Oral Health Condition
Abstract: Japan’s aging rate (ratio of elderly aged 65 and older to total population) has exceeded 20%. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between Health Related Quality of Life, Body Mass Index (BMI), and sleep quality. Subjects were 51 adults over 55 years old with chronic disease who living in the community. Instruments and structured interviews were used giving due consideration to privacy. Interviews were conducted within 10 - 20 minutes at the out-patient department. The evaluation instruments included bodymass index, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL), and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). A significant positive correlation (ρ = 0.321, p < 0.05) between PSQI and QOL (OHIP-14) scores was confirmed with sleep quality being lower with lower QOL scores. A negative correlation (ρ = ?0.339, p < 0.05) between physical health component summary scores (PCS) and mental health component summary scores (MCS) of HRQOL was confirmed, demonstrating that PCS was low, and the level of MCS was high. Sleep quality was found lower among those with lower oral health-related QOL scores. Moreover, in subjects with lower MCS scores, the PCS scores were found to be higher. Accordingly, it was considered appropriate that dental treatment and care, support the maintenance of activities and sleep, and mental health promotion which are likely requisites critical for elderly persons’ maintenance of independent life s in their familiar community.
Cite this paper: Sato, M. , Kurokawa, A. , Sugimoto, H. , Yasuhara, Y. , Nakae, H. , Shinohara, Y. , Tanioka, T. , Iga, H. , Hinode, D. , Suzuki, Y. , Honda, S. and Locsin, R. (2018) Relationship among Health Related Quality of Life, Quality of Sleep, and Oral Health Condition. Health, 10, 204-214. doi: 10.4236/health.2018.102017.
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