JACEN  Vol.7 No.1 , February 2018
Obtaining Bioethanol through Hydrolytic Treatment of Agro-Industrial Banana Residues
Abstract: The banana is a food of great importance and it is consumed in almost the entire world. However, its harvest generates large quantities of mostly lignocellulosic waste, which can be used for the production of biofuels such as bioethanol. In this work, the potential for bioethanol production from agro-industrial plantain crop residues was evaluated with different operating conditions. A 24 experimental design was used, having as study variables: time of hydrolysis, pH of hydrolysis, concentration time, and fermentation time. The samples used were scraps consisting of a mixture of stems, leaves, and banana peels. The bioethanol obtained was characterized by physicochemical properties such as density, refractive index, and FTIR. As a result, it was obtained that the volume of bioethanol represented higher yields; using NaOH as a hydrolyzing agent, with hydrolysis time of 30 minutes, high fermentation time, and low concentrations. The chemical characterization of banana agro-industrial waste indicated that, the raw material could be considered as a potential source for bioethanol production, since it has a high content of cellulose.
Cite this paper: Sánchez-Acuña, J. , Granados-Gómez, M. , Navarrete-Rodríguez, L. , Rangel-Peraza, J. and Bustos-Terrones, Y. (2018) Obtaining Bioethanol through Hydrolytic Treatment of Agro-Industrial Banana Residues. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 7, 60-72. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2018.71006.

[1]   Bello, R.H., Linzmeyer, P., Franco, C.M.B., Souza, O., Sellin, N., Medeiros, S.H.W. and Marangoni, C. (2014) Pervaporation of Ethanol Produced from Banana Waste. Waste Management, 34, 1501.

[2]   Samsudin, M. and Don, M. (2015) Assessment of Bioethanol Yield by S. cerevisiae Grown on Oil Palm Residues: Monte Carlo Simulation and Sensitivity Analysis. Bioresource Technology, 175, 417-423.

[3]   Dominguez-Bocanegra, A., Torres-Munoz, J. and Lopez, R. (2015) Production of Bioethanol from Agro-Industrial Wastes. Fuel, 149, 85-89.

[4]   Neagu, C. and Bahrim, G. (2012) Comparative Study of Different Methods of Hydrolysis and Fermentation for Bioethanol Obtaining from Inulin and Inulin Rich Feedstock. Scientific Study & Research, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Food Industry, 13, 63.

[5]   Zabed, H., Sahu, J., Suely, A., Boyce, A. and Faruq, G. (2017) Bioethanol Production from Renewable Sources: Current Perspectives and Technological Progress. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 71, 475-501.

[6]   Velásquez-Arredondo, H.I., Ruiz-Colorado, A.A. and De Oliveira, S. (2010) Ethanol Production Process from Banana Fruit and Its Lignocellulosic Residues: Energy Analysis. Energy, 35, 3081-3087.

[7]   Boluda-Aguilar, M. and Lopez-Gomez, A. (2013) Production of Bioethanol by Fermentation of Lemon Peel Wastes Pretreated with Steam Explosion. Industrial Crops & Products, 41, 188-197.

[8]   Duque, S., Cardona, C. and Moncada, J. (2015) Techno-Economic and Environmental Analysis of Ethanol Production from 10 Agroindustrial Residues in Colombia. Energy Fuels, 29, 775-783.

[9]   Damaso, M., Passianoto, M., Freitas, S., Freire, D., Lago, R. and Couri, S. (2008) Utilization of Agroindustrial Residues for Lipase Production by Solid-State Fermentation. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 39, 676-681.

[10]   Garcia-Torreiro, M., Lopez-Abelairas, M., Lu-Chau, T. and Lema, J. (2016) Fungal Pretreatment of Agricultural Residues for Bioethanol Production. Industrial Crops and Products, 89, 486-492.

[11]   Gupta, V.K. and Tuohy, M.G. (2013) Biofuel Technologies: Recent Developments. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

[12]   Brar, S.K., Dhillon, G.S. and Soccol, C.R. (2014) Biotransformation of Waste Biomass into High Value Biochemicals. Springer Verlag, New York.

[13]   Nigam, P. and Pandey, A. (2009) Biotechnology for Agro-Industrial Residues Utilisation: Utilisation of Agro-Residues. Springer, Dordrecht.

[14]   De Almeida, A.F., Dias, K.B., Da Silva, A.C.C., Terrasan, C.R.F., Tauk-Tornisielo, S.M. and Carmona, E.C. (2016) Agroindustrial Wastes as Alternative for Lipase Production by Candida viswanathii under Solid-State Cultivation: Purification, Biochemical Properties, and Its Potential for Poultry Fat Hydrolysis. Enzyme Research, 2016, Article ID 1353497.

[15]   Madeira J., Contesini, J., Calzado, F., Ventura, M., Paludetti, M., Branta, D. and Rodrigues, R. (2017) Chapter 18 Agro-Industrial Residues and Microbial Enzymes: An Overview on the Eco-Friendly Bioconversion into High Value-Added Products. Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes, 475-511.

[16]   Wang, M., Zhou, D., Wang, Y., Wei, S., Yang, W., Kuang, M. and Du, S. (2016) Bioethanol Production from Cotton Stalk: A Comparative Study of Various Pretreatments. Fuel, 184, 527-532.

[17]   Fernandes, M.C., Torrado, I., Carvalheiro, F., Dores, V., Guerra, V., Lourenco, P.M.L. and Duarte, L.C. (2016) Bioethanol Production from Extracted Olive Pomace: Dilute Acid Hydrolysis. Bioethanol, 2, 103-111.

[18]   García-Torreiro, M., Pallín, M.á., López-Abelairas, M., Lu-Chau, T.A. and Lema, J.M. (2016) Alkali Treatment of Fungal Pretreated Wheat Straw for Bioethanol Production. Bioethanol, 2, 32-43.

[19]   Stephen, J. and Periyasamy, B. (2018) Innovative Developments in Biofuels Production from Organic Waste Materials: A Review. Fuel, 214, 623-633.

[20]   Mohd-Azhar, S., Abdulla, R., Azmah, S., Marbawi, H., Azlan, J., Azifa, A. and Rodrigues, K. (2017) Yeasts in Sustainable Bioethanol Production: A Review. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 10, 52-61.

[21]   Nguyena, Q., Cho, E., Thi Phi, L., Jeon, J. and Hyeun-Jong, B. (2017) Development of an Integrated Process to Produce D-Mannose and Bioethanol from Coffee Residue Waste. Bioresource Technology, 244, 1039-1048.

[22]   Gebregergs, A., Gebresemati, M. and Sahu, O. (2016) Industrial Ethanol from Banana Peels for Developing Countries: Response Surface Methodology. Pacific Science Review A: Natural Science and Engineering, 18, 22-29.

[23]   Guerrero, A., Ballesteros, I. and Ballesteros, M. (2018) The Potential of Agricultural Banana Waste for Bioethanol Production. Fuel, 213, 176-185.

[24]   Guerrero, A. and Munoz, E. (2018) Life Cycle Assessment of Second Generation Ethanol Derived from Banana Agricultural Waste: Environmental Impacts and Energy Balance. Journal of Cleaner Production, 174, 710-717.

[25]   Sánchez, J.C., Granados, M.M. and Navarrete, L.F. (2016) Production of Bioethanol through Hydrolysis of Agro-Industrial Banana Crop Residues. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 10, 695-698.

[26]   Adekunle, A., Orsat, V. and Raghavan, V. (2016) Lignocellulosic Bioethanol: A Review and Design Conceptualization Study of Production from Cassava Peels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 64, 518-530.

[27]   Nadh-Benarji, D. (2016) Statistical Optimizations of Fermentation Factors on Bioethanol Production from Mahua Flower (Madhuca indica) with Saccharomyces cerevisiae by Response Surface Methodology in Batch Bioreactor. Journal of Microbiology and Biomedical Research, 2, 1-7.

[28]   Capdevila, V.E., Gely, M.C., Kafarov, V. and Pagano, A.M. (2016) Valorization of Waste Food Industry for Producing Second Generation Bioethanol. Advanced Materials Research, 1139, 33-39.

[29]   Ghosh, S., Chowdhury, R. and Bhattacharya, P. (2017) Sustainability of Cereal Straws for the Fermentative Production of Second Generation Biofuels: A Review of the Efficiency and Economics of Biochemical Pretreatment Processes. Applied Energy, 198, 284-298.

[30]   Pérez, O., Díaz, J., Zumalacárregui, L. and Gozá, O. (2010) Evaluación de propiedades físicas de mezclas etanol-agua (II). [Evaluation of Physical Properties of Ethanol-Water Mixtures II.] Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquía, 52, 62-74.

[31]   Kennes, D., Abubackar, H.N., Diaz, M., Veiga, M.C. and Kennes, C. (2016) Bioethanol Production from Biomass: Carbohydrate vs Syngas Fermentation. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 91, 304-317.

[32]   Green, D. and Perry, R. (2007) Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook. 8th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, Sec 3-89.

[33]   Kaneko, K., Yoshimura, Y. and Shimizu, A. (2018) Water Concentration Dependence of the Refractive Index of Various Ionic Liquid-Water Mixtures. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 250, 283-286.

[34]   Mejía, S., Espinal, J. and Mondragón, F. (2006) Estudio del azeótropo Etanol-Agua: Caracterización molecular de dímeros de etanol, heterodímeros y heterotrímeros de Etanol-Agua. [Study of the Azeotrope Ethanol-Water: Molecular Characterization of Ethanoldimers, Heterodimers and Heterotrimers of Ethanol-Water.] Revista Energética, 36, 5-18.

[35]   Liebmann, B., Friedl, A. and Varmuza, K. (2010) Applicability of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Process Monitoring in Bioethanol Production. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 52, 187-193.

[36]   Baena, L., Jaramillo, F. and Calderón, J.A. (2012) Aggressiveness of a 20% Bioethanol 80% Gasoline Mixture on Autoparts: II Behavior of Polymeric Materials. Fuel, 95, 312-319.

[37]   Nikolin, S., Lazin, V., Veljovin, D. and Mojovic, L. (2017) Production of Bioethanol from Pre-Treated Cotton Fabrics and Waste Cotton Materials. Carbohydrate Polymers, 164, 136-144.