JBM  Vol.6 No.2 , February 2018
Association of Bax and Bcl-2 Functional Polymorphisms and Protein Levels with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Abstract: Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disease influenced by both environmental and genetic factors, which affects a patient’s quality of life and social stability. Recent studies have shown that the pathogenesis of PTSD is associated with apoptosis; however, the molecular mechanisms that cause such damage are not well-understood. Also it is unclear whether these pathologic alterations are genetically determined or caused by other factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic association of functional polymorphisms in genes coding for apoptosis-related Bcl-2 and Bax proteins with PTSD as well as proteins levels in the blood of affected subjects. Methods: The study groups consisted of 200 combat veterans with PTSD and an equal number of healthy subjects with no family- or past-history of any psychiatric disorders. Bax and Bcl-2 proteins levels in blood were measured by ELISA. DNA samples were genotyped for SNPs using PCR-SSP. Results: According to our results, PTSD patients are characterized by increased levels of apoptotic proteins and the imbalance in the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio compared to healthy subjects. Our results also demonstrate that rs956572*A minor allele of the BCL2 gene was overrepresented in patients with PTSD compared to healthy subjects. Conclusions: The results implicate Bcl-2 and Bax in pathogenesis of PTSD on genetic and protein levels, though further studies on enlarged cohort and in different populations are required.
Cite this paper: Avetyan, D. , Arakelyan, A. and Mkrtchyan, G. (2018) Association of Bax and Bcl-2 Functional Polymorphisms and Protein Levels with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 6, 23-32. doi: 10.4236/jbm.2018.62003.

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