Back
 GEP  Vol.6 No.2 , February 2018
Improving Self-Supply of Urban Water and Sanitation Projects through Microfinancing in Nigeria
Abstract: Most water and sanitation projects in poor neighbourhood of urban Nigeria are executed through self-supply option. This is defined as an incremental improvement of WASH products e.g. water and sanitation structures by a household or small group of households which are financed by their own effort and investment. It is indeed a concept which complements conventional water supply and sanitation funded by government. The aim of this paper is, therefore, to investigate the extent of the use of innovative financing especially group saving approach to improve water and sanitation projects in Awka town, Nigeria. Towards achieving the aim, data were collected through questionnaires which were designed and administered on the respondents between January and April, 2016 and from other secondary sources. Data were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis and Component scores to establish the extent of the use of this option in the 9 component quarters of the town. Result shows that some quarters have perfected using the self-supply option while in others, it is yet to be widely accepted. It is finally recommended among others that the urban water policy as well as urban water safety plan should be revised to include the option as a way of improving domestic water supply and sanitation in the town.
Cite this paper: Ezenwaji, E. , Anyaeze, E. and Nwafor, A. (2018) Improving Self-Supply of Urban Water and Sanitation Projects through Microfinancing in Nigeria. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 20-33. doi: 10.4236/gep.2018.62002.
References

[1]   Smiths, S. and Sutton, S. (2015) Triple-S: Self Supply: The Case for Leveraging Greater Household Investment in Water Supply. Water Africa, 3, 28-36.

[2]   Gillard, M. (2014) WASH Self-Supply in Sierra Leone: Perspectives and Options. Water Aid Publication, Free Town.

[3]   IRC and Agua Consult (2011) Briefing Note.

[4]   Olschewski, A., Van Donk, M. and Maillo, J. (2015) Innovative Mechanisms for Improving Self Supply Services. 38th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough University, July 2015, 64-71.

[5]   Oluwasanya, G., Smith, J. and Carter, R. (2011) Self-Supply Systems: Urban dug wells in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Water Science and Technology, 11, 172-178.
https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2011.026

[6]   Ezenwaji, E.E. and Eduputa, B.M. (2016) Self Supply as a Traditional Model for the Improvement of Water Supply in Onitsha, Nigeria. 39th WEDC International Conferences, Kumasi, 11-15 July 2016, 81-94.

[7]   Reymen, C.O. (1965) Problems of Exploiting Underground Water in Imo Shale Area of Eastern Nigeria. Geological Bulletin, 3, 45-49.

[8]   Nwozor, K.K., Chiaghanam, O.I. and Ownurah, L.O. (2015) Borehole Annulus-Filling Materials and Enrichment of Heavy Metals in Eocene-Palacocene Aquifer Systems in AwkaS.E Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Sciences and Technology, 8, 277 -285.
https://doi.org/10.9734/BJAST/2015/14955

[9]   Anyadike, R.N.C. (2009) Statistical Methods for the Social and Environmental Sciences. Spectrum Books Ltd., Ibadan.

[10]   Obiechina, T.N. (2016) Community Choice of Water Supply Source in Parts of Anambra State, Nigeria. Journal of Rural Water Supply, 6, 20-28.

[11]   WSP (2004) Rural and Urban Water Supply in East Africa. Voice Master East Africa, 3, 11-22.

[12]   Ezenwaji, E.E. and Okafor, M.M. (2017) Distribution of Shallow Wells in Parts of Awka Metropolis. Journal of Geography and Environment, 1, 18-29.

[13]   Olugboye, D. and Hayes, J. (2011) Review of PfWS Technical Support to Anambra State Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Reform Programme in Nigeria. 35th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough.
https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/conference/35/Olugboye-D-1159.pdf

[14]   Akabo, M.A. (2016) Urban Water Supply and Government Policy on Social Amenities in Awka Town, Nigeria. Journal of Water and Sanitation, 4, 230-239.

[15]   Agbenorheri, M. and Fonesca, C. (2005) Local Financing Mechanisms for Water Supply and Sanitation Investments. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, The Hague.

 
 
Top