MSA  Vol.9 No.2 , February 2018
Influence of MIG/MAG Welding Process on Mechanical and Pitting Corrosion Behaviors on the Super-Duplex Stainless Steel SAF 2507 Welded Joints
Abstract: The main objective of this research is to better understand the correlation between the constituent phases presented in the super-duplex steel SAF 2507 when it is under welding process by arc shielding gas MIG-MAG (Metal Inert Gas-Metal Active Gas). Conventional short circuit transfer and derivative STT (Surface Tension Transfer) using the 2594 welding wire as a filler metal and the effects on welding power in hardness, toughness and pitting corrosion are considered here. The results showed that the welding energy (Ew) changed the α/γ-phase’s balance and occasionally formed σ-phase in ferrite grain boundaries which led to changes in hardness, toughness and pitting corrosion resistance in molten zone (MZ), heat activated zone (HAZ) and metal base regions (MB). Furthermore, the increased amount of γ-phase improved the pitting corrosion resistance index (PRENγ) mainly in the MZ. This is due to decrease of α-phase fraction and formation of coarser grains, for higher welding energy. The toughness in the MZ decreased with less formation of γ-phase, coalescence of ferritic grains and localized formation of σ-phase, raising the hardness in the HAZ when the welding energy was lower.
Cite this paper: Lopes, B. , Rodrigues, S. , Silva, E. , Reis, G. , Martins, W. , Damascena, J. and Leal, V. (2018) Influence of MIG/MAG Welding Process on Mechanical and Pitting Corrosion Behaviors on the Super-Duplex Stainless Steel SAF 2507 Welded Joints. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 228-245. doi: 10.4236/msa.2018.92015.

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