Reduce Torque Ripple of IM by Approach Method DTC

ABSTRACT

This paper presents a new methodology for direct torque control (DTC) with improvement method control for induction motor (IM) systems. The application of approached method DTC (AMDTC), allows by using two hysteresis controllers to regulate torque and flux with the information of the angular location to address the switching table. The principal advantage of this AMDTC (optimization method of DTC) enables the minimization of the electromagnetic torque ripple and the reduction of the output current total harmonic distortion (THD_{I}). Furthermore, it improved consumption quality of IM and it improved the lifespan of the motor. The switching characteristics of an inverter feeding an IM controlled with the AMDTC system are assessed in steady state.The proposed method of AMDTC is illustrated by computer simulations

This paper presents a new methodology for direct torque control (DTC) with improvement method control for induction motor (IM) systems. The application of approached method DTC (AMDTC), allows by using two hysteresis controllers to regulate torque and flux with the information of the angular location to address the switching table. The principal advantage of this AMDTC (optimization method of DTC) enables the minimization of the electromagnetic torque ripple and the reduction of the output current total harmonic distortion (THD

Cite this paper

nullL. M’Barki, M. Ayadi and R. Neji, "Reduce Torque Ripple of IM by Approach Method DTC,"*Intelligent Control and Automation*, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 320-329. doi: 10.4236/ica.2011.24037.

nullL. M’Barki, M. Ayadi and R. Neji, "Reduce Torque Ripple of IM by Approach Method DTC,"

References

[1] K.-K. Shyu, J.-K. Lin, V.-T. Pham, M.-J. Yang and T.-W. Wang, “Global Minimum Torque Ripple Design for Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 9, 2010, pp. 3148-3156.

[2] S. Z. Chen, N. C. Cheung, K. C. Wong and J. Wu, “Integral Sliding-Mode Direct Torque Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators Under Unbalanced Grid Voltage,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2010, pp. 356-368.

[3] S. B. Ozturk and H. A. Toliyat, “Direct Torque and Indirect Flux Control of Brushless DC Motor,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2011, pp. 351-360.

[4] G. Cimuca, S. Breban, M. M. Radulescu, C. Saudemont and B. Robyns, “Design and Control Strategies of an Induction-Machine-Based Flywheel Energy Storage System Associated to a Variable-Speed Wind Generator,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2010, pp. 526-534.

[5] Y. C. Zhang and J. G. Zhu, “Direct Torque Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Reduced Torque Ripple and Commutation Frequency,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2011, pp. 235-248.

[6] A. Jidin, N. R. N. Idris, A. H. M. Yatim, T. Sutikno and M. E. Elbuluk, “An Optimized Switching Strategy for Quick Dynamic Torque Control in DTC Hysteresis-Based Induction Machines,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 58, No. 8, 2011, pp. 3391-3400.

[7] I. Takahashi and Y. Ohmori, “High Performance Torque Control of Year Induction Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1989, pp. 257-264.

[8] M. Depenbrock, “Direct Self-Control (DSC) of Inverter-Fed Induction Machine,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1988, pp. 420-429. doi:10.1109/63.17963

[9] B. Tabbache, A. Kheloui and M. Benbouzid, “An Adaptive Electric Differential for Electric Vehicles Motion Stabilization,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2011, pp. 104-110.

[10] Z. F. Zhang, R. Y. Tang, B. D. Bai and D. X. Xie, “Novel Direct Torque Control Based on Space Vector Modulation with Adaptive Stator Flux Observer for Induction Motors,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 46, No. 8, 2010, pp. 3133-3136.

[11] D. Casadei, F. Profumo, G. Serra and A. Tani, “FOC and DTC: Two Viable Schemes for Induction Motors Torque Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 17. No. 5, 2002. pp. 779-787. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2002.802183

[12] J. A. Suul, M. Molinas and T. Undeland, “STATCOM-Based Indirect Torque Control of Induction Machines during Voltage Recovery after Grid Faults,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2010, pp. 1240-1250. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2009.2036619

[13] R. Kumar, R. A. Gupta, S. V. Bhangale and H. Gothwal, “ANN Based Control and Estimation of Direct Torque Controlled Induction Motor Drive,” Asian Power Electronics Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2008, pp. 115-122.

[14] H. Sudheer, S. F. Kodad and B. Sarvesh, “Torque Ripple Reduction in Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor using Fuzzy Logic based Duty Ratio Controller,” International Journal of Electronic Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-12.

[15] R. Datta and V. T. Ranganathan, “Direct Power Control of Grid-Connected Wound Rotor Induction Machine without Rotor Position Sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2001, pp. 390-399. doi:10.1109/63.923772

[16] M. Malek, J. Vittek, V. Vavrus and M. Stulrajter, “Application of Space Vector Modulation in Direct Torque Control of PMSM,” Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 202-205.

[17] Y. S. K. Babu and G. T. R. Das, “Sensorless Direct Torque Controle of Induction Motor Using Fuzzy Controller,” ICGST-ACSE Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010, pp. 21-28.

[18] X. F. Lin-Shi, F. Morel, A. M. L. B. Allard and J.-M. Rétif, “Implementation of Hybrid Control for Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1946-1952.

[19] R. Kumar, R. A. Gupta, S. V. Bhangale and H. Gothwal, “Artficial Neural Network Based Direct Torque Controle of Induction Motor Drives,” International Conference on Information and Communication Technology in Electrical Sciences (ICTES 2007), Chennai, 20-22 December 2007, pp. 361-367.

[20] Y. C. Zhang, J. G. Zhu, Z. M. Zhao, W. Xu and D. G. Dorrell, “An Improved Direct Torque Control for Three- Level Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Sensorless Drive,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21. No. 5, 2010, pp. 1-12.

[21] S. Sayeef, G. Foo and M. F. Rahman, “Rotor Position and Speed Estimation of a Variable Structure Direct-Torque- Controlled IPM Synchronous Motor Drive at Very Low Speeds Including Standstill,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 11, 2010, pp. 3715-3723.

[22] F. Khoucha, S. M. Lagoun, K. Marouani, A. Kheloui and M. E. H. Benbouzid, “Hybrid Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel-Inverter Induction-Motor-Drive Direct Torque Control for Automotive Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 3, 2010, pp. 892-899. doi:10.1109/TIE.2009.2037105

[23] M. Ayadi, M. A. Fakhfakh, M. Ghariani and R. Nej, “Electro-Thermal Simulation of a Three Phase Inverter with Cooling,” Journal of Modelling and Simulation of Systems, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2010, pp. 163-170.

[24] M. Ayadi, L. El M’barki, M. A. Fakhfakh, M. Ghariani and R. Neji, “A Comparison of PWM Strategies for Multilevel Cascaded and Classical Inverters Applied to the Vectorial Control of Asynchronous Machine,” International Review of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2010, pp. 2106-2114.

[25] L. El M’Barki, M. Ayadi and R. Neji, “Approaching Dif- ferent of Minimum Torque Ripple for Improving the Di- rect Torque Control of Induction Motor,” International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2011, pp. 310-318.

[1] K.-K. Shyu, J.-K. Lin, V.-T. Pham, M.-J. Yang and T.-W. Wang, “Global Minimum Torque Ripple Design for Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 9, 2010, pp. 3148-3156.

[2] S. Z. Chen, N. C. Cheung, K. C. Wong and J. Wu, “Integral Sliding-Mode Direct Torque Control of Doubly-Fed Induction Generators Under Unbalanced Grid Voltage,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2010, pp. 356-368.

[3] S. B. Ozturk and H. A. Toliyat, “Direct Torque and Indirect Flux Control of Brushless DC Motor,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2011, pp. 351-360.

[4] G. Cimuca, S. Breban, M. M. Radulescu, C. Saudemont and B. Robyns, “Design and Control Strategies of an Induction-Machine-Based Flywheel Energy Storage System Associated to a Variable-Speed Wind Generator,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2010, pp. 526-534.

[5] Y. C. Zhang and J. G. Zhu, “Direct Torque Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Reduced Torque Ripple and Commutation Frequency,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2011, pp. 235-248.

[6] A. Jidin, N. R. N. Idris, A. H. M. Yatim, T. Sutikno and M. E. Elbuluk, “An Optimized Switching Strategy for Quick Dynamic Torque Control in DTC Hysteresis-Based Induction Machines,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 58, No. 8, 2011, pp. 3391-3400.

[7] I. Takahashi and Y. Ohmori, “High Performance Torque Control of Year Induction Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 25, No. 2, 1989, pp. 257-264.

[8] M. Depenbrock, “Direct Self-Control (DSC) of Inverter-Fed Induction Machine,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1988, pp. 420-429. doi:10.1109/63.17963

[9] B. Tabbache, A. Kheloui and M. Benbouzid, “An Adaptive Electric Differential for Electric Vehicles Motion Stabilization,” IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 60, No. 1, 2011, pp. 104-110.

[10] Z. F. Zhang, R. Y. Tang, B. D. Bai and D. X. Xie, “Novel Direct Torque Control Based on Space Vector Modulation with Adaptive Stator Flux Observer for Induction Motors,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 46, No. 8, 2010, pp. 3133-3136.

[11] D. Casadei, F. Profumo, G. Serra and A. Tani, “FOC and DTC: Two Viable Schemes for Induction Motors Torque Control,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 17. No. 5, 2002. pp. 779-787. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2002.802183

[12] J. A. Suul, M. Molinas and T. Undeland, “STATCOM-Based Indirect Torque Control of Induction Machines during Voltage Recovery after Grid Faults,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2010, pp. 1240-1250. doi:10.1109/TPEL.2009.2036619

[13] R. Kumar, R. A. Gupta, S. V. Bhangale and H. Gothwal, “ANN Based Control and Estimation of Direct Torque Controlled Induction Motor Drive,” Asian Power Electronics Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, 2008, pp. 115-122.

[14] H. Sudheer, S. F. Kodad and B. Sarvesh, “Torque Ripple Reduction in Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor using Fuzzy Logic based Duty Ratio Controller,” International Journal of Electronic Engineering Research, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011, pp. 1-12.

[15] R. Datta and V. T. Ranganathan, “Direct Power Control of Grid-Connected Wound Rotor Induction Machine without Rotor Position Sensors,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2001, pp. 390-399. doi:10.1109/63.923772

[16] M. Malek, J. Vittek, V. Vavrus and M. Stulrajter, “Application of Space Vector Modulation in Direct Torque Control of PMSM,” Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 202-205.

[17] Y. S. K. Babu and G. T. R. Das, “Sensorless Direct Torque Controle of Induction Motor Using Fuzzy Controller,” ICGST-ACSE Journal, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010, pp. 21-28.

[18] X. F. Lin-Shi, F. Morel, A. M. L. B. Allard and J.-M. Rétif, “Implementation of Hybrid Control for Motor Drives,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1946-1952.

[19] R. Kumar, R. A. Gupta, S. V. Bhangale and H. Gothwal, “Artficial Neural Network Based Direct Torque Controle of Induction Motor Drives,” International Conference on Information and Communication Technology in Electrical Sciences (ICTES 2007), Chennai, 20-22 December 2007, pp. 361-367.

[20] Y. C. Zhang, J. G. Zhu, Z. M. Zhao, W. Xu and D. G. Dorrell, “An Improved Direct Torque Control for Three- Level Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Sensorless Drive,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, Vol. 21. No. 5, 2010, pp. 1-12.

[21] S. Sayeef, G. Foo and M. F. Rahman, “Rotor Position and Speed Estimation of a Variable Structure Direct-Torque- Controlled IPM Synchronous Motor Drive at Very Low Speeds Including Standstill,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 11, 2010, pp. 3715-3723.

[22] F. Khoucha, S. M. Lagoun, K. Marouani, A. Kheloui and M. E. H. Benbouzid, “Hybrid Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel-Inverter Induction-Motor-Drive Direct Torque Control for Automotive Applications,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 3, 2010, pp. 892-899. doi:10.1109/TIE.2009.2037105

[23] M. Ayadi, M. A. Fakhfakh, M. Ghariani and R. Nej, “Electro-Thermal Simulation of a Three Phase Inverter with Cooling,” Journal of Modelling and Simulation of Systems, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2010, pp. 163-170.

[24] M. Ayadi, L. El M’barki, M. A. Fakhfakh, M. Ghariani and R. Neji, “A Comparison of PWM Strategies for Multilevel Cascaded and Classical Inverters Applied to the Vectorial Control of Asynchronous Machine,” International Review of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2010, pp. 2106-2114.

[25] L. El M’Barki, M. Ayadi and R. Neji, “Approaching Dif- ferent of Minimum Torque Ripple for Improving the Di- rect Torque Control of Induction Motor,” International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2011, pp. 310-318.