MSA  Vol.9 No.1 , January 2018
Improvement of Sliding Performance for Ball on Disc Tribo-Partners Using Graphite Like Carbon Solid Lubricant Coating
Abstract: Sliding wear tests of chilled cast iron tappet-disc and cam-ball tribo-partners were conducted by using ball on disc testing device. Magnetron sputtering CrTiAlN hard coating and Graphite like carbon (GLC) solid lubricant coatings were applied on either one or both of the contact surfaces on tribo-partners. Ball crater device and scanning electron microscope were used to investigate surface wear of rubbed track on disc and wear scar on ball. The sliding performances of tribo-partners were evaluated in terms of coefficient of friction at sliding surfaces and specific wear rate (SWR) on both of the rubbed surfaces under specific test conditions. All test results showed that GLC solid lubricant coating on both surfaces of tappet-disc and cam-ball was the best option to allow this tribo-partners having high performance in terms of sliding under high load with low coefficient of friction and low SWR. The advantage of using GLC solid lubricant coating is to enable mechanical parts made of ordinary and sustainable materials (e.g. cast iron or plain steels) to be operated under even harsher conditions of higher load and higher wear environment with improved performance.
Cite this paper: Wen, X. , Yao, H. and Yang, S. (2018) Improvement of Sliding Performance for Ball on Disc Tribo-Partners Using Graphite Like Carbon Solid Lubricant Coating. Materials Sciences and Applications, 9, 191-209. doi: 10.4236/msa.2018.91013.

[1]   Muzzamil Ahamed, S., Kumar, Y.V., Rahman, J.F. and Bharat, V. (2014) Mechanical Properties of Sub Zero Chilled Cast Iron Useful for Wear Functional Requirements of Engineering Components. Procedia Materials Science, 5, 540-549.

[2]   Michalski, J., Marszalek, J. and Kubiak, K. (2000) An Experimental Study of Diesel Engine Cam and Follower Wear with Particular Reference to the Properties of the Materials. Wear, 240, 168-179.

[3]   Mallikarjuna, V., Jashuva, N., Nagaraju, G. and Rama Bhupal Reddy, B. (2014) Design Manufacturing and Cost Estimation of Camshaft Used in two Wheeler. Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 11, 53-67.

[4]   Yogesha, K.B. and Hemanth, J. (2012) Mechanical Properties of Metallic and Non-Metallic Chilled Austempered Ductile Iron. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, I, 240-243.

[5]   Olawale, J.O., Ibitoye, S.A. and Oluwasegun, K.M. (2016) Processing Techniques and Productions of Ductile Iron: A Review. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 7, 397-423.

[6]   Holmberg, K. and Erdemir, A. (2015) Global Impact of Friction on Energy Consumption, Economy and Environment. FME Transactions, 43, 181-185.

[7]   Yang, S.C., Li, X. and Teer, D.G. (2002) The Properties and Performance of CrTiAlN Multilayer Hard Coatings Deposited Using Magnetron Sputter Ion Platin Surface. Engineering, 18, 391-396.

[8]   Yang, S.C., Wiemann, E. and Teer, D.G. (2004) The Properties and Performance of Cr-Based Multilayer Nitride Hard Coatings Using Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering and Elemental Metal Targets. Surface & Coatings Technology, 188-189, 662- 668.

[9]   Lu, L., Wang, Q.-M., Chen, B.-Z., Ao, Y.-C., Yu, D.-H., Wang, C.-Y., Wu, S.-H. and Kim, K.H. (2014) Microstructure and Cutting Performance of CrTiAlN Coating for High-Speed Dry Milling. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 24, 1800-1806.

[10]   Louda, P. (2007) Applications of Thin Coatings in Automotive Industry. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 24, 51-55.

[11]   Malani, A.S., Chaudhari, A.D. and Sambhe, R.U. (2016) A Review on Applications of Nanotechnology in Automotive Industry. International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering, 10, 36-40.

[12]   Patel Kalpeshkumar, P. (2014) A Review on Surface Treatment on Piston Ring and Cylinder Linear. International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 2, 1323-1326.

[13]   Hayward, I.P. (1991) Friction and Wear Properties of Diamonds and Diamond Coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 49, 554-559.

[14]   Oguri, K. and Arai, T. (1991) Tribological Properties and Characterization of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings with Silicon Prepared by Plasma-Assisted Chemical Vapour Deposition. Surface and Coatings Technology, 47, 710-721.

[15]   Liu, Y., Erdemir, A. and Meletis (1997) Influence of Environmental Parameters on the Frictional Behaviour of DLC Coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 94-95, 463-468.

[16]   Yang, S., Camino, D., Jones, A.H.S. and Teer, D.G. (2000) Deposition and Tribological Behaviour of Sputtered Carbon Hard Coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 124, 110-116.

[17]   Erdemir, A. and Donnet, C. (2006) Tribology of Diamond-Like Carbon Films: Recent Progress and Future Prospects. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 39, R311-R327.

[18]   Nian, J., Si, Y. and Guo, Z. (2016) Advances in Atomic-Scale Tribological Mechanisms of Solid Interfaces. Tribology International, 94, 1-13.

[19]   Hoffman, E.E. and Marks, L.D. (2016) Graphitic Carbon Films across Systems. Tribology Letters, 63, 32.

[20]   Midgley, J.W. and Teer, D.G. (1962) An Investigation of the Mechanism of the Friction and Wear of Carbon. Transaction of the ASME-ASLE Lubrication Conference, 16-18 October 1962, Pittsburgh, 62-Lub-15.

[21]   Yanga, S., Li, X., Reneviera, N.M. and Teer, D.G. (2001) Tribological Properties and Wear Mechanism of Sputtered C/Cr Coating. Surface and Coatings Technology, 142-144, 85-93.

[22]   Kingmag Precise Sci-Tech Ltd. (2012) Unbalanced Magnetron Sputtering Coating Equipment Opera-tion Manual.

[23]   Yang, S., Jones, A.H.S. and Teer, D.G. (2000) The Development of Sputtered Carbon Based Coatings Incorporating Cr, Ti, B and N. Surface and Coatings Technology, 133-134, 369-375.

[24]   Kingmag Precise Sci-Tech Ltd. (2010) Ball-on-Disc Wear Test Device, Operation Manual.

[25]   Kingmag Precise Sci-Tech Ltd. (2010) Ball Crater Film Thickness Measurement Device.

[26]   Perez Delgado, Y., Bonny, K., De Baets, P., Neis, P.D., Rodriguez Fereira, V., Malek, O., Vleugels, J. and Lauwers, B. (2011) Dry Sliding Friction and Wear Response of WC-Co Hardmetal Pairs in Linearly Reciprocating and Rotating. Sustainable Construction and Design, 2, 12-18.

[27]   Kimura, Y. and Sugimura, J. (1984) Microgeometry of Sliding Surfaces and Wear Particles in Lubricated Contact. Wear, 100, 33-45.

[28]   Sharma, G., Limaye, P.K., Ramanujan, R.V., Sundararaman, M. and Prabhu, N. (2004) Dry-Sliding Wear Studies of Fe3Al-Ordered Intermetallic Alloy. Materials Science and Engineering A, 386, 408-414.

[29]   Elhadi, A., Bouchoucha, A., Jomaa, W., Zedan, Y., Schmitt, T. and Bocher, P. (2016) Study of Surface Wear and Damage Induced by Dry Sliding of Tempered AISI 4140 Steel against Hardened AISI 1055 Steel. Tribology in Industry, 38, 475-485.

[30]   Yang, S., Cooke, K.E., Li, X., McIntosh, F. and Teer, D.G. (2009) CrN-Based Wear Resistant Hard Coatings for Machining and Forming Tools. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42, Article ID: 104001.

[31]   Alberdi, A., Marin, M., Diaz, B., Sanchez, O. and Escobar Galindo, R. (2007) Wear Resistance of Titanium-Aluminium-Chromium-Nitride Nanocomposite Thin Films. Vacuum, 81, 1453-1456.

[32]   Wang, Y., Wang, L., Li, J., Chen, J. and Xue, Q. (2013) Tribological Properties of Graphite-Like Carbon Coatings Coupling with Different Metals in Ambient Air and Water. Tribology International, 60, 147-155.