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 ACES  Vol.1 No.4 , October 2011
Separation Performance of Sodium Alginate/Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidone Membranes for Aqueous/Dimethylformamide Mixtures by Vapor Permeation and Vapor Permeation with Temperature Difference Methods
Abstract: In this study sodium alginate (NaAlg)/poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) blend membranes were prepared and crosslinked with CaCl2 (0.1 Molarity (M)) for the separation of aqueous/dimethylformamide (DMF) mixtures. Membranes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and their performance was examined by varying experimental parameters such as feed composition (0 - 100 wt%), operating temperature (30℃ - 50℃) and membrane thickness (30 - 90 micrometer (μm)). Blending NaAlg with PVP, decreased separation factor whereas increased the permeation rate as the permeation temperature was increased in Vapor Permeation (VP) and Vapor Permeation with Temperature Difference (TDVP) methods. In the TDVP method, the separation factors increased and the permeation rates decreased as the temperature of the membrane surrounding is decreased. The highest separation factor of 60 was obtained in TDVP method for 90 wt% DMF concentration in the feed.
Cite this paper: nullE. Solak and O. Şanlı, "Separation Performance of Sodium Alginate/Poly Vinyl Pyrrolidone Membranes for Aqueous/Dimethylformamide Mixtures by Vapor Permeation and Vapor Permeation with Temperature Difference Methods," Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, Vol. 1 No. 4, 2011, pp. 305-312. doi: 10.4236/aces.2011.14042.
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