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 OJFD  Vol.7 No.4 , December 2017
A Study on Natural Convection of Air in a Square Cavity with Partially Thermally Active Side Walls
Abstract:
In this present work, we study heat transfer in a confined environment. We have to determine the thermal and dynamics fields of the cavity while observing the effect of the Rayleigh number which depends on the characteristics of the fluid and the temperatures imposed. The behavior of boundary layers in natural convection is analyzed along this square cavity. The central halves of its vertical walls are heated at different temperatures. The left active part is at a higher temperature than the one on the right wall. The remaining inactive parts and the horizontal walls (upper and lower) are adiabatic. The thermal and dynamic modeling of two-dimensional problem was done using a calculation code Fortran 90 and a visualization software ParaView based on the finite volume method. The equations governing this phenomenon of unsteady flow have thus been solved. This allows the modeling of both air flow and heat transfer with a numerical stabilization of the solution. So, we have presented our results of numerical simulations using a visualization tool. The results show the different velocity and temperature curves, velocity vectors and isotherms in laminar flow regime.
Cite this paper: Kane, M. , Mbow, C. , Sow, M. and Sarr, J. (2017) A Study on Natural Convection of Air in a Square Cavity with Partially Thermally Active Side Walls. Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics, 7, 623-641. doi: 10.4236/ojfd.2017.74041.
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