Health  Vol.9 No.12 , November 2017
Food Intake Characteristics during Early Pregnancy in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Abstract: To investigate the characteristic food intake during early pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a rural city in Aomori Prefecture, Japan, one hundred and twenty-one women were recruited and queried about their habitual dietary intake. Food intake of patients was assessed using the model nutritional balance chart at 12 - 16, 24 - 28, and 34 - 36 weeks of gestation. Of the 121 pregnant women examined, 19 were obese. During early pregnancy, food intake ratios of the obese women were significantly lower than those of the non-obese women for the categories of milk (p < 0.001) and sugar (p < 0.05). GDM group was 7 women among 19 women in obesity group during mid-pregnancy. During early pregnancy, women with GDM had significantly higher sugar intake ratios than women without GDM (p < 0.05). These results suggested that obese pregnant women are able to prevent GDM by limiting their sugar intake during early pregnancy.
Cite this paper: Satoh, A. , Kishi, C. , Lee, S. , Saitoh, M. , Miura, M. , Ohnuma, Y. , Yamazaki, C. and Sasaki, H. (2017) Food Intake Characteristics during Early Pregnancy in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Health, 9, 1711-1719. doi: 10.4236/health.2017.912125.

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