MSCE  Vol.5 No.11 , November 2017
Effect of High Temperatures on the Microstructure of Cement Paste
Abstract: The microstructural and compositional changes within the cement paste exposed to high temperatures were monitored by XRD, FTIR, TGA/DTA and SEM techniques to understand the nature of decomposition of C-S-H gel and the associated physicomechanical properties of thermally damaged cement paste. OPC paste (w/c ratio 0.27) was hydrated for 28 days then fired up to 750°C for 2 hours (heating rate 10°C/min). The relative mass percent of calcium hydrates and portlandite was estimated by calculations derived from TGA results. Beyond 450°C, the percentage of portlandite sharply diminishes and C-S-H progressively decomposes into C2S and C3S until complete loss of calcium hydrates content occurs at 750°C. An increase of the total porosity, severe loss in mechanical strength and propagation of harmful cracks occurs. The thermal shock as a result of cooling of the heated cement paste and the rehydration of lime enhance the propagation of harmful cracks.
Cite this paper: Tantawy, M. (2017) Effect of High Temperatures on the Microstructure of Cement Paste. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 5, 33-48. doi: 10.4236/msce.2017.511004.

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