JEP  Vol.8 No.11 , October 2017
Measurements and Visualization of the Fluid Field of the Plume from an Animal Housing Ventilation Fan
Abstract: Various dispersion models have been developed to simulate the fate and transport of air emissions from animal housing systems to meet the increasing need for knowledge in this area. However, the accuracy of the models may be challenged due to the unknown plume rise and plume shape. This paper reports a combination of theoretical and field study of the plum rise and shape of air flow from a ventilation fan commonly used in mechanically ventilated animal houses. The theoretical modeling of the plume shape was conducted using a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package named FloEFD; the field measurements of the plume field was conducted using five 3D ultrasonic anemometers to simultaneously measure the air flow in the plume at various locations (four heights and five downwind distances). The TECPLOT package was used to visualize the plume flow field based upon anemometer measurements. While the plume shapes were found to be left-shifted by the CFD model and TECPLOT visualization, the magnitudes of the 3D wind velocities from field measurement were found to be significantly larger than those from CFD model. The plume field measurements indicated that the plume of a 0.6 m (24-inch) ventilation fan had a depth about 9 m, a width about ±6 m, and a rise (lifting) beyond the highest measurement point, 4.88 m (16 ft).
Cite this paper: Ying, M. , Wang-Li, L. , Stikeleather, L. and Edwards, J. (2017) Measurements and Visualization of the Fluid Field of the Plume from an Animal Housing Ventilation Fan. Journal of Environmental Protection, 8, 1296-1311. doi: 10.4236/jep.2017.811080.

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