AiM  Vol.7 No.9 , September 2017
Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection and Risk Factors among Asymptomatic Subjects in Delta State, Nigeria
Abstract: Aim: The study aimed at evaluating the seroprevalence of H. pylori infection and its associated risk factors in a cross-section of asymptomatic adult population in Niger-Delta, Nigeria. Methodology: 408 apparently healthy volunteers, aged between 18 - 87 years were recruited for this study. Blood samples were collected from participants and analyzed for H. pylori antibody (IgG) qualitatively with Combo rapid kits and quantitatively with Accu-Bind ELISA Kits. Results: The overall prevalence of Helicobacter pylori colonization in 408 asymptomatic adults was 52.5% (n = 214) and 48.3% (n = 197) by qualitative (Combo rapid kits) and quantitative (Accu-Bind ELISA Kits) serological test methods respectively. H. pylori infection did not differ statistically between genders (p = 0.962) and among age groups (p = 0.185). In addition, multivariate logistic regression indicated that sex and age were not associated with risk of H. pylori. However, participants from Delta Central were at greater risk (OR = 1.89; p = 0.014) of H. pylori infection compared with those from Delta South, but those from Delta North were not at greater risk of infection compared with those from Delta South (p = 0.476). Conclusion: This study indicated an intermediate seroprevalence of H. pylori among asymptomatic adults in Delta state, Nigeria. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was linked to geographical regions but not with sex and age.
Cite this paper: Omosor, K. , Omosor, O. , Ibeh, I. , Adejumo, B. , Abdulkadir, U. , Dimkpa, U. , Uchuno, G. , Oke, O. , Abdulkadir, R. , Hamidu, M. and Emmanuel, A. (2017) Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori Infection and Risk Factors among Asymptomatic Subjects in Delta State, Nigeria. Advances in Microbiology, 7, 641-652. doi: 10.4236/aim.2017.79050.

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