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 GEP  Vol.5 No.9 , September 2017
Flow Visualization and Modeling for Education and Research in Sedimentary Processes: An Accessible and Inexpensive Alternative
Abstract: Sedimentary processes have direct effects on the geometry, distribution, and geophysical and geochemical properties of sedimentary rocks. Being able to qualitatively and quantitatively visualize the movement vector of sediments in fluid media is essential for understanding the complicated earth surface processes. Nonintrusive measuring and observing the interaction between the movement of fluid media and particles by a laser sheet flow visualization technique requires a light source that is thin and monochromatic. Yet, an ideal laser sheet generator is rather expensive and inaccessible, especially for schools and universities residing in low-income countries. This project is proposing a less-expensive option for a laser sheet source for nonintrusive flow visualization and modeling. Here, cylindrical lens is used to convert from point laser into sheet laser. Multiple combinations of laser diodes of various wavelength (nanometer) and power (milliwatt) and cylindrical lenses of various dimensions are analyzed. The pair that is able to produce the thinnest and brightest light sheet is not only effective but also affordable. The combination of manufactured laser module of 532 nm 50 mW and a single rod lens is able to generate a light sheet that is less than 4 mm thick. When choosing a laser module, this research recommends one at a wavelength of 532 nm with any electric power (high wattage results in high lumens).
Cite this paper: Motanated, K. (2017) Flow Visualization and Modeling for Education and Research in Sedimentary Processes: An Accessible and Inexpensive Alternative. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 5, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/gep.2017.59001.
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