Back
 AS  Vol.8 No.8 , August 2017
Permanent Grasslands in an Anthropogenically Burdened Region, and Their Contribution to Sustainable Development
Abstract: The landscape of the northern part of the Czech Republic (the Chomutov, Most, Teplice and ústí nad Labem districts) has long been burdened by the surface mining of brown coal. Within the reclamation and restoration processes, the anthropogenic formations which were created have been successfully integrated into the surrounding landscape. One of the important regional elements which have been utilized during the regeneration is permanent grasslands (PGL). They are of considerable importance not only for cattle grazing, but also for the preservation of the region’s biodiversity and protection of the soil. The contribution deals with the production and non-production functions of permanent grasslands in the landscape, and their significance within the scope of the permanently sustainable development of an anthropogenically burdened region. Permanent grasslands are part of the agricultural landscape, but their significance is multifunctional, because they not only provide an environment for cattle grazing, but also protect soil, the nutrient cycle and the microclimate, and preserve biodiversity. At the same time, the article analyzes in detail the development of this vegetation in the area of interest-Northern Bohemia. During the period of the greatest mining boom (1967-1990), its rapid decrease-by as much as 4500 ha-was recorded in some areas. Since the year 1990, there has been a significant growth in the most damaged areas. At present, the development of PGLs has stabilized.
Cite this paper: Vráblíková, J. , Vráblík, P. , Wildová, E. and Šoch, M. (2017) Permanent Grasslands in an Anthropogenically Burdened Region, and Their Contribution to Sustainable Development. Agricultural Sciences, 8, 816-824. doi: 10.4236/as.2017.88060.
References

[1]   Council of Europe (2000) European Landscape Convention, Florence 20. 10. 2000. European Treaty Series, No. 176. 7 p.

[2]   Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2017) Sustainable Grasslands—Working Paper. E-Conference 2-3 September 2013. 15 p.

[3]   SANTRUCEK, J., et al. (2001) Fundamentals of Forage Farming. Faculty of Agronomy, Czech University for Agriculture, Prague, 146 p.

[4]   Mládek, J., Pavlu, V., Hejcman, M. and Gaisler, J., Eds. (2006) Pasture as a Means of Maintaining Permanent Grassland in Protected Areas. Prague, 104 p.

[5]   Skládanka, J., Vecerek, M. and Vyskocil, I. (2010) Grass Ecosystems.
http://web2.mendelu.cz/af_222_multitext/trek/

[6]   Ripl, W., Ridgill, S. C., Eiseltová, M. and Pokorny, J. (1997) Energy, Water and Matter flow in Landscape—The Key to Sustainable Land Use. In: Němec, J., Ed., Landscaping Programs—Proceedings from International Conference, Príbram 4. - 6. 11, 259-268.

[7]   Jirku, S. (2012) Visualization of Post-Mining Landscape. Diploma Thesis, Czech University for Agriculture, Prague, 62 p.

[8]   Czech Office for Surveying and Cadastre (2017) Summarized Survey of Land Fund from Land Cadastre Data of the Czech Republic. Prague, 80 p.

[9]   Vráblík, P. (2017) Cattle Grazing in Fojtovice (Teplice District). Author’s Own Photography.

[10]   Klimes, F. (1997) Meadows and Pastures—Grasslands Ecology. Faculty for Agriculture, University of South Bohemia in Ceské Budějovice, 142 p.

 
 
Top