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 GEP  Vol.5 No.8 , August 2017
Physico-Chemical Characterization of Industrial Liquid Discharges of Soap Factories in Abidjan, Côte D’Ivoire
Abstract: This work deals with the efficient management of industrial liquid discharges from soap factories (ILDS) in the region of Abidjan. The aim of this work is to evaluate the physico-chemical quality of these discharges as well as the different types of pollution generated. Seventeen (17) industrial soap sources were studied through fourteen (14) global pollution parameters (T, pH, electrical conductivity EC, redox potential EH, suspended matter SM, COD, BOD5, biodegradability factor BF, , , , , total iron and ). A liquid waste collection campaign was done during six weeks from February to March 2016, corresponding to a period of intensive activity of these industries. The samples were analyzed according to the norms of the French Standardization Agency (AFNOR). Results were compared with the Ivorian guide values recommended by the Classified Installations Inspection Service (CIIS). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is allowed to evaluate the pollution induced by these factories’ rejection. In addition, Ascending Hierarchical Classification (AHC) method leads to classify soap factories into three groups according to the physico-chemical quality of their releases. Moreover, the estimation of the biodegradability factor is permitted to know the state of the biodegradability of these effluents.
Cite this paper: Ehouman, J. , Yapo, B. , Eudes Y. Gnagne, A. and Ziao, N. (2017) Physico-Chemical Characterization of Industrial Liquid Discharges of Soap Factories in Abidjan, Côte D’Ivoire. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 5, 198-210. doi: 10.4236/gep.2017.58016.
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