ABSTRACT Wireless sensor networks are employed in several applications, including military, medical, environmental and household. In all these applications, energy usage is the determining factor in the performance of wireless sensor networks. Consequently, methods of data routing and transferring to the base station are very important because the sensor nodes run on battery power and the energy available for sensors is limited. In this paper we intend to propose a new protocol called Fair Efficient Location-based Gossiping (FELGossiping) to address the problems of Gossiping and its extensions. We show how our approach increases the network energy and as a result maximizes the network life time in comparison with its counterparts. In addition, we show that the energy is balanced (fairly) between nodes. Saving the nodes energy leads to an increase in the node life in the network, in comparison with the other protocols. Furthermore, the protocol reduces propagation delay and loss of packets.
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