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 MSCE  Vol.5 No.7 , July 2017
Investigation of Pottery from Different Neolithic Sites in Southeast Albania Using Various Analytical Techniques
Abstract: In this paper we will consider the results of the investigation of ceramic shards from four Neolithic sites located in the south-east of Albania using different analytical methods. The sites of Vashtemi, Podgori, Dunavec and Maliq, situated at the plateau of Korca, represent the Neolithic culture at the different stages from Early Neolithic to Eneolithic. The application of EDXRF, micro-XRF, XRD and Optical Microscopy (OM) allowed us to collect data on the mineralogical and elemental composition of the ceramics and the materials used for the external decorations. The results indicate that coarse to medium coarse, non-calcareous clays were used for the ceramic manufacture in all the sites. Mineral inclusions rich in Si, Ca, K, and Fe were identified, some of which could have been intentionally added to the clays during the production process. The similarities of the elemental composition of the shards indicate that the ceramics in each site were prepared from different clay deposits that should have been close to each site. Minerals rich in Ca, Fe and Mn have been used respectively for the white, red and dark brown surface decorations, while bitumen has been applied after the firing in a black decoration.
Cite this paper: Ndreçka, E. , Civici, N. , Gjipali, I. , Niccolai, F. and Ridolfi, S. (2017) Investigation of Pottery from Different Neolithic Sites in Southeast Albania Using Various Analytical Techniques. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 5, 71-89. doi: 10.4236/msce.2017.57009.
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