OJIM  Vol.1 No.2 , September 2011
Right ventricular tear mimicking myocardial infarction following pericardiocentesis
Abstract: A 72-year-old female was admitted to the CCU with a recent onset of progressive breathlessness for bedside pericardial drainage for chronic pericardial effusion. After an uncomplicated drainage procedure, initially a serous straw coloured fluid was aspired with subsequent hemorrhagic aspiration with haemoglobin value similar to the peripheral blood. The patient showed initially transient improvement followed by rapid deterioration into severe shock and death. Signs of infero-posterior myocardial infarction (MI) were seen on the ECG. Before death, further interventions were refused by her and her family but a permission was given for autopsy. At autopsy, right ventricular rupture was seen with a 0.6 cm tear with a large amount of 800 cc bloody fluid with clots. The result of histopathologic study of the tear was resembling three-days old MI. The drain was found to be properly localized in the pericardial space, was not blocked and caused no harm to the myocardium. Furthermore, histopathologic examination revealed pulmonary adenocarcinoma of the left upper lobe, pleuritis and lymphangitis carcinomatosa and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. A case of fatal complication is reported following bedside pericardial drainage. Postmortal, right ventricular tear mimicked myocardial infarction.
Cite this paper: nullSaid, S. , Droste, H. and Eijken, E. (2011) Right ventricular tear mimicking myocardial infarction following pericardiocentesis. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 1, 29-32. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2011.12008.

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