Back
 Health  Vol.9 No.6 , June 2017
Self-Medication among Adults in Minia, Egypt: A Cross Sectional Community-Based Study
Abstract:
Self-medication may be associated with side effects and increases the chance of drug interactions and also affects the adherence to treatment and quality of life. This study aims at determining the pattern of self-medication, identifying knowledge, attitude and self-reported practices concerning the usage of the drugs and identifying demographic factors that could influence self-medication practices among the general population in El-Minia, Egypt. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 422 randomly selected adults using a multi-stage random sampling technique. Data were collected by using a structured interview questionnaire. Respondents who had practiced some sort of self-medication during the past month were 73% of the sample. The commonest cause of self-medication, illness, was perceived as minor (59.7%). The most common perceived illness for self-medication was common cold (90.6%). Older respondents (>40 years) were about twice more likely to practice self-medication than younger ones. Similarly, professionals in their work were 3.4 times more likely to practice self-medication than unemployed individuals. Self-medication is a relatively frequent problem in Minia and interventions at different levels are required.
Cite this paper: Ghazawy, E. (2017) Self-Medication among Adults in Minia, Egypt: A Cross Sectional Community-Based Study. Health, 9, 883-895. doi: 10.4236/health.2017.96063.
References

[1]   World Health Organization (2000) Guidelines for the Regulatory Assessment of Medicinal Products for Use in Self-Medication.
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Js2218e/

[2]   Donkor, E., Tetteh-Quarcoo, P., Narty, P. and Agyeman, I. (2012) Self-Medication Practices with Antibiotics among Tertiary Level Students in Accra, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 9, 3519-3529.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9103519

[3]   Jha, N., Bajracharya, O. and Shankar, P. (2013) Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Medicines among School Teachers in Lalitpur District, Nepal before and after an Educational Intervention. BMC Public Health, 13, 2-11.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-652

[4]   Fuentes, A.K. and Villa, Z.L. (2008) Analysis and Quantification of Self-Medication Patterns of Customers in Community Pharmacies in Southern Chile. Pharmacy World and Science, 30, 863-868.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-008-9241-4

[5]   Figueiras, A., Caamano, F. and Gestal, O.J. (2000) Socio-Demographic Factors Related to Self-Medication in Spain. European Journal of Epidemiology, 16, 19-26.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1007608702063

[6]   Kasilo, O.J., Nhachi, C.F. and Mutangadura, E.F. (1991) Epidemiology of Household Medications in Urban Gweru and Harare. Central African Journal of Medicine, 37, 167-171.

[7]   Sheraz, J.K., Amanullah, S.K. and Nazeer, S. (2011) Self-Medication with Antibiotics in Urban Area of Peshwar. Gomal Journal of Medical Sciences, 9, 19-22.

[8]   Caulin, C. and Cranz, H. (2000) Self-Medication: Is Regulation Needed from Whom? Thérapie, 55, 547-553.

[9]   Somsen, G.A. and Schut, N.H. (1998) Acute Renal Failure Due to Self-medication. Netherlands Journal of Medicine, 53, 45-46.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-2977(98)00049-7

[10]   Lwanga, S. and Lemeshow, S. (1991) Sample Size Determination in Health Studies. A Practical Manual.
http://www.tbrieder.org/publications/books_english/lemeshow_samplesize.pdf

[11]   Sallam, S.A., Khallafallah, N.M., Ibrahim, N.K. and Okasha, A.O. (2009) Pharmaco Epidemiological Study of Self-Medication in Adults Attending Pharmacies in Alexandria, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 15, 683-691.

[12]   Yousef, A.M., Al-Bakri, A.G., Bustanji, Y. and Wazaify, M. (2008) Self-Medication Patterns in Amman, Jordan. Pharmacy World & Science, 30, 24–30.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-007-9135-x

[13]   Zafar, S.N., Syed, R. and Waqar, S. (2008) Prescription of Medicines by Medical Students of Karachi, Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Public Health, 19, 162-166.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-162

[14]   Hassali, M., Shafie, A., Al-Qazaz, H., Tambyappa, J., Palaian, S. and Hariraj, V. (2011) Self-Medication Practices among Adult Population Attending Community Pharmacies in Malaysia: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 33, 794-799.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-011-9539-5

[15]   Frøkjær, B., Bolvig, T., Griese, N., Herborg, H. and Rossing, C. (2012) Prevalence of Drug-Related Problems in Self-Medication in Danish Community Pharmacies. Innovations in Pharmacy, 3, 1-10.

[16]   Aishwaryalakshmi, K., Sasikala, B., Sreelalitha, N., Vigneshwaran, E. and Padmanabha, Y.R. (2012) Assessment of Knowledge Perception and Attitudes on Medications in General Population. Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 5, 75-78.

[17]   Sharif, S.I., Ibrahim, O.H., Mouslli, L. and Waisi, R. (2012) Evaluation of Self-Medication among Pharmacy Students. American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology, 7, 135-140.
https://doi.org/10.3844/ajptsp.2012.135.140

[18]   Alghanim, S.A. (2011) Self-Medication Practice among Patients in a Public Health Care System. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 17, 409-416.

[19]   Chui, W.K. and Li, S.C. (2005) Advice-Giving on Self-Medication: Perspectives of Community Pharmacists and Consumers in Singapore. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 30, 225-231.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2710.2005.00637.x

[20]   Swetha, R. and Usha, R. (2016) Study of Self-Medication Pattern among Adults in Tumkur City. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Holistic Health, 2, 13-16.
https://doi.org/10.5958/2454-6712.2016.00004.3

[21]   Noori, A.R. (2010) Irrational Self-Medication of Antibiotic in University of Kufa in an Najaf. Medical Journal of Babylon, 7, 1-2.

[22]   Khan, S.J., Amanullah, Khan, S. and Shah, N. (2011) Self-Medication with Antibiotics in Urban Areas of Peshawar. Journal of Medical Sciences, 9, 19-22.

[23]   Awad, A., Eltayeb, I., Matowe, L. and Thalib, L. (2005) Self-Medication with Antibiotics and Antimalarials in the Community of Khartoum State, Sudan. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 8, 326-331.

[24]   Al-Bakri, A., Bustanji, Y. and Yousef, A. (2005) Community Consumption of Antibacterial Drugs within the Jordanian Population: Sources, Patterns and Appropriateness. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 26, 389-395.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2005.07.014

[25]   Skliros, E., Merkouris, P., Papazafiropoulou, A., Gikas, A., Matzouranis, G., Papafragos, C., et al. (2010) Self-medication with Antibiotics in Rural Population in Greece: A Cross-Sectional Multicenter Study. BMC Family Practice, 11, 58.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-11-58

[26]   Widayati, A., Suryawati, S., Crespigny, C. and Hiller, J. (2011). Self-Medication with Antibiotics in Yogyakarta City Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Survey. BMC Research Notes, 4, 491.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-491

[27]   Pavyde, E., Veikutis, V., Maciuliene, A., Maciulis, V., Petrikonis, K. and Stankevicius, E. (2015) Public Knowledge, Beliefs and Behavior on Antibiotic Use and Self-Medication in Lithuania. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 7002-7016.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120607002

[28]   Moraes, A., Delaporte, T., Molena-Fernandes, C. and Falcao, M. (2011) Factors Associated with Medicine Use and Self-Medication Are Different in Adolescents. Clinics (Sao Paulo), 66, 1149-1155.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322011000700005

[29]   Sarahroodi, S., Maleki-Jamshid, A., Sawalha, A.F., Mikaili, P. and Safaeian, L. (2012) Pattern of Self-Medication with Analgesics among Iranian University Students in Central Iran. Journal of Family and Community Medicine, 19, 125-129.
https://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8229.98302

 
 
Top