OPJ  Vol.1 No.3 , September 2011
Anti-Spoof Reliable Biometry of Fingerprints Using En-Face Optical Coherence Tomography
Abstract: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a relatively new imaging technology which can produce high resolution images of three-dimensional structures. OCT has been mainly used for medical applications such as for ophthalmology and dermatology. In this study we demonstrate its capability in providing much more reliable biometry identification of fingerprints than conventional methods. We prove that OCT can serve secure control of genuine fingerprints as it can detect if extra layers are placed above the finger. This can prevent with a high probability, intruders to a secure area trying to foul standard systems based on imaging the finger surface. En-Face OCT method is employed and recommended for its capability of providing not only the axial succession of layers in depth, but the en-face image that allows the traditional pattern identification. Another reason for using such OCT technology is that it is compatible with dynamic focus and therefore can provide enhanced transversal resolution and sensitivity. Two En-Face OCT systems are used to evaluate the need for high resolution and conclusions are drawn in terms of the most potential commercial route to ex- ploitation.
Cite this paper: nullM. Nasiri-Avanaki, A. Meadway, A. Bradu, R. Khoshki, A. Hojjatoleslami and A. Podoleanu, "Anti-Spoof Reliable Biometry of Fingerprints Using En-Face Optical Coherence Tomography," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 1 No. 3, 2011, pp. 91-96. doi: 10.4236/opj.2011.13015.

[1]   A. Gh. Podoleanu, “Optical Coherence Tomography,” British Institute of Radiology, Vol. 78, No. 935, 2005, pp. 976-988.

[2]   A. M. Schmitt, “Principles and Application of Optical Coherent Tomography in Dermatology,” Dermatology, Vol. 217, No. 1, 2008, pp. 12-13.

[3]   S. Chang, Y. Cheng, K. Larin, Y. Mao, S. Sherif and C. Flueraru, “Optical Coherence Tomography Used for Security and Fingerprint-Sensing Applications,” IET Image Processing, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2008, pp. 48-58.

[4]   S. K. Dubey, T. Anna, C. Shakher and D. S. Mehta, “Fingerprint Detection Using Full-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, No. 18, 2007, Article ID: 181106. doi:10.1063/1.2800823

[5]   S. K. Dubey, D. S. Mehta, A. Anand and C. Shakher, “Simultaneous Topography and Tomography of Latent Fingerprints Using Full-Field Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography,” Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2008, Article ID: 015307. doi:10.1088/1464-4258/10/01/015307

[6]   R. K. Manapuram, M. Ghosn and K. V. Larin, “Identification of Artificial Fingerprints Using Optical Coherence Tomography Technique,” Asian Journal of Physics, Vol. 15, 2006, pp. 15-27.

[7]   P. Margot and C. Lennard, “Fingerprint detection techniques,” Universite de Lausanne, Institut de Police Scientifique et de Criminologie and Switzerland, Lau- sanne, 1994, p. 190. ISBN 2-940098-01-8

[8]   R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. Schaefer, J. Reynolds, D. Marks and A. F. Fercher, “Performance of Fourier domain vs. S. Boppart, Real-Time Domaindigital Signal Processing-Based Optical Coherence Tomography,” Optics Express, Vol. 11, No. 8, 2003, pp. 889-894. doi:10.1364/OE.11.000889

[9]   A. Gh. Podoleanu, G. M. Dobre and D. A. Jackson, “En-Face Coherence Imaging Using Galvanometer Scanner Modulation,” Optics Letters, Vol. 23, No. 3, 1998, pp. 147-149.

[10]   A. Gh. Podoleanu, M. Seeger, G. M. Dobre, D. J. Webb, D. A. Jackson and F. Fitzke, “Transversal and Longitudinal Images from the Retina of the Living Eye Using Low Coherence Reflectometry,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1998, pp. 12-20.

[11]   C. C. Rosa, J. Rogers, J. Pedro, R. Rosen and A. Podoleanu, “Multi-Scan Time Domain OCT for Retina Imaging,” Applied Optics, Vol. 46, No. 10, 2007, pp. 1795- 1807. doi:10.1364/AO.46.001795

[12]   A. Gh. Podoleanu and D. A. Jackson, “Combined Optical Coherence Tomograph and Scanning Laser Ophthal- moscope,” Electronics Letters, Vol. 34, No. 11, 1998, pp. 1088-1090.

[13]   A. Schaefer, J. Reynolds, D. Marks and S. Boppart, “Real-Time Digital Signal Processing-Based Optical Coherence Tomography and Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography,” IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engi- neering, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2004, pp. 186-190. doi:10.1109/TBME.2003.820369

[14]   M. Ohmi, M. Tanigawa, A. Yamada, Y. Ueda and M. Haruna, “Dynamic Analysis of Internal and External Mental Sweating by Optical Coherence Tomography,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2009, Article ID: 014026.

[15]   S. Makita, T. Fabritius and Y. Yasuno, “Quantitative Retinal-Blood Flow Measurement with Three-Dimen- sional Vessel Geometry Determination Using Ultrahigh- Resolution Doppler Optical Coherence Angiography,” Optics Letters, Vol. 33, No. 8, 2008, pp. 836-838. doi:10.1364/OL.33.000836