Hall, J.R. (2009) Fatal Effects of Fire, NFPA.
 MPSS, NFSC 501 (2016) Fire Safety Standard of Smoke Control Facilities.
 BSI, BS EN 12101-3:2015 (2015) Smoke and Heat Control Systems—Part 3: Specification for Powered Smoke and Heat Control Ventilators (Fans).
 ASHRAE, ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 149-2013 (2013) Laboratory Methods of Testing Fans Used to Exhaust Smoke in Smoke Management Systems.
 Sheard, A.G. and Jones, N.M. (2012) Powered Smoke and Heat Exhaust Ventilators: The Impact of EN 12101-3 and ISO 21927-3. Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 28, 174-182.
 Jie, J., Kaiyuan, L., Wei, Z. and Ran, H. (2010) Experimental Investigation on Influence of Smoke Venting Velocity and Vent Height on Mechanical Smoke Exhaust Efficiency. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 177, 209-215.
 Yan, S.X., Wu, X.P., and Wang, D. (2011) Study of the Performance of Smoke Control under Non-Uniform Smoke Exhaust Velocity. Procedia Engineering, 11, 385-393.
 He, X.Z., Lu, S.X., Zhang, B.S., and Li, C.H. (2016) Effects of Supply-Exhaust Ratio on Smoke Exhaust Efficiency in a Large Machinery Space. Procedia Engineering, 135, 469-475.
 NIST (2016) Fire Dynamic Simulator User’s Guide.