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 GEP  Vol.5 No.5 , May 2017
Analysis of the Influence of Wind Turbine Noise on Seismic Recordings at Two Wind Parks in Germany
Abstract: We recorded continuous seismic noise close and around two wind parks with different geological site conditions in order to investigate the effects of wind turbines on seismic signals in the frequency interval between 1 and 10 Hz. In wind park Fraureuth-Beiersdorf (5 turbines, 11 km south from Zwickau, Saxony), we used small seismic networks, with 3 to 5 stations for 1 - 2 weeks. In Heinde (2 turbines, close to Hildesheim, Lower Saxony), we recorded 1 week with one station around 1 km away from the wind turbines and some additional stations for several hours only. With the spectrogram analysis of the data, we clearly identify the diurnal variation on the spectral amplitude separately from the noise generated by the turbines. The turbine noise appears at certain frequency bands around 2.2, 2.7, 3.3, 4.5, 5.2 and 6.6 Hz. A linear relation between the spectral amplitudes of these frequency bands and the wind velocity or rotation velocity of the turbines is clearly identified. The seismic signals produced by the operation of the wind turbines are not peaks at single frequencies, but look more like frequency bands with increased noise amplitudes. They could be identified up to at least 10 km in the case of Fraureuth-Beiersdorf. These bands depend on numerous parameters, i.e. wind turbine height, weight and construction, number of turbines, geology, etc. In both wind parks we also recorded along profiles with increasing distances from the wind turbines. With the analysis of these data, we propose an amplitude attenuation model for the wind park Fraureuth-Beiersdorf to a distance of 9 km, and for Heinde to a distance of 4 km. The attenuation models for both wind parks are quite different, depending probably on the local geology and topography.
Cite this paper: Estrella, H. , Korn, M. and Alberts, K. (2017) Analysis of the Influence of Wind Turbine Noise on Seismic Recordings at Two Wind Parks in Germany. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 5, 76-91. doi: 10.4236/gep.2017.55006.
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