Health  Vol.9 No.4 , April 2017
An Integrated Strategy for the Cultural Adaptation of Evidence-Based Interventions
Background: The importance of adapting evidence-based health interventions to enhance their congruence with the beliefs of ethno-cultural communities is well recognized. Although a systematic cultural adaptation process is available, it lacks specific instructions on how to adapt interventions so that they are aligned with cultural beliefs. In this paper, we present an integrated strategy that operationalizes the adaptation process by describing specific practical instructions on how to align interventions with cultural beliefs. Methods: The strategy integrates concept and intervention mapping, and uses mixed methods for gathering data from community representatives. The data pertain to a community’s cultural beliefs and values related to a health problem, acceptability of evidence-based interventions targeting the problem, and aspects of the interventions that should be modified to enhance their fit with cultural beliefs. A step-by-step protocol is described to guide application of the integrated strategy for cultural adaptation. Conclusions: The strength of the integrated strategy relies on the use of concept and intervention mapping approaches for specifying a step-by-step protocol to actively engage community representatives in the cultural adaptation of interventions. Future research should evaluate the utility of this strategy.
Cite this paper: Sidani, S. , Ibrahim, S. , Lok, J. , Fan, L. , Fox, M. and Guruge, S. (2017) An Integrated Strategy for the Cultural Adaptation of Evidence-Based Interventions. Health, 9, 738-755. doi: 10.4236/health.2017.94053.

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