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 AiM  Vol.7 No.4 , April 2017
Genomic Recombination Enhances Pathogenic Factors in the Periodontopathogenic Bacterium Eikenella corrodens
Abstract: We reported previously that plasmid-mediated genomic recombination at the pilin gene locus increased hemagglutination activity, growth rate, biofilm formation, hemolytic activity, and adherence to epithelial cells in Eikenella corrodens 23834. To determine whether these enhancements were common in this bacterium, we introduced the recombinase gene ORF4 into seven clinically isolated strains. Genomic recombination at the type IV pilin gene locus was observed in strains 1080, L9B6, L8Ao3, and RV2 (group A), but not in strains 261-2, 612-L, and 257-4 (group B). Similarly, group A strains displayed changed colony morphology following loss of type IV pili, which was not observed in group B. Group A strains showed also enhanced hemagglutination activity, growth rate, hemolytic, activity and biofilm formation. These results suggest that ORF4-induced genomic recombination at the pilin gene locus is a general phenomenon in a part of E. corrodens, which likely stimulates patho-genicity and virulence.
Cite this paper: Mansur, F. , Yamada, K. , Morishige, N. and Azakami, H. (2017) Genomic Recombination Enhances Pathogenic Factors in the Periodontopathogenic Bacterium Eikenella corrodens. Advances in Microbiology, 7, 231-240. doi: 10.4236/aim.2017.74019.
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