MSA  Vol.8 No.4 , April 2017
Effect of Electric Field Strength and Water Content on the Electrorheology of Silica Dispersions
Abstract: The effect of water content on the electrorheological effect (ERE) behaviour of silica dispersions has been investigated. The types of silica powders were fumed silica, precipitated and acid washed silica and colloidal silica. Silica dispersions with a water content varying in the range 10% - 30%, and with conducting ions deliberately added, were redispersed in chlorinated hydrocarbon oil and then the ER behaviour studied. Samples were tested on a static yield rig (SYR), an instrument which can measure both the yield stress and the conductivity. The effects of electric field strength and water content on the ERE were studied. The yield stress initially increased with increase in electric field strength and then decreased at high electric fields suggesting a breakdown in structure of the electrorheological fluid samples tested. It was also found that the ERE increased and electric saturation or electric breakdown shifted to lower electric fields as the water content increased. Higher electric fields caused a drop in the ERE.
Cite this paper: Kwaambwa, H. (2017) Effect of Electric Field Strength and Water Content on the Electrorheology of Silica Dispersions. Materials Sciences and Applications, 8, 281-290. doi: 10.4236/msa.2017.84020.

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