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 Health  Vol.9 No.4 , April 2017
The Survey of Self-Regulation Behaviors and Related Factors in Elderly with Hypertension in South-East of Iran
Abstract: Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for heart diseases today. The effect of hypertension in the elderly is higher than other age groups and it may lead to changes in their quality of life. By the increase of age, the amount of self-care behaviors of patients with hypertension decreased. Therefore, control and self-care behaviors are so important. This study has been conducted to study self-regulation behaviors and Associated Factors in elderly patients with hypertension. This study was a cross sectional, descriptive analytic study, which was conducted using multistage sampling on the elderly 60 years and above with hypertension. The sample size was calculated 365 and the final sample size of 380 people was considered by possible losses. The instruments include of demographic and self-regulatory behaviors questionnaire. The results showed that self-regulation of behavior was 42.3% of the total score. In terms of quality, only 7.4% of the elderly had good behavior, 46.6% of poor performance, and the rest were mediocre performance. Age (p = 0.03), gender (p = 0.02), education (p = 0.001), income level (p = 0.03) and marital status (p = 0.001) significantly associated with behaviors of self-regulation. The results generally indicate unfavorable self-regulation of elderly patients with hypertension. Some variables such as gender, age, marital status, education and income levels were associated with these behaviors. So paying attention to the education of the elderly in care centers is essential.
Cite this paper: Fuladvandi, M. , Safarpour, H. , Malekyan, L. , Moayedi, S. , Mahani, M. and Salimi, E. (2017) The Survey of Self-Regulation Behaviors and Related Factors in Elderly with Hypertension in South-East of Iran. Health, 9, 592-600. doi: 10.4236/health.2017.94042.
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