D. S. Celermajer, et al., “Non-Invasive Detection of Endothelial Dysfunction in Children and Adults at Risk of Atherosclerosis,” Lancet, Vol. 340, No. 8828, 1992, pp. 1111-1115. doi:10.1016/0140-6736(92)93147-F
 T. Yoshida, et al., “Prognostic Value of Flow-Mediated Dilation of the Brachial Artery in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease,” Internal Medicine, Vol. 45, No. 9, 2006, pp. 575-579. doi:10.2169/internalmedicine.45.1534
 J. Grewal, et al., “Assessment of Novel Risk Factors in Patients at Low Risk for Cardiovascular Events Based on Framingham Risk Stratification,” Clinical & Investigative Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2003, pp. 158-165.
 M. C. Corretti, et al., “Guidelines for the Ultrasound Assessment of Endothelial-Dependent Flow-Mediated Vasodilation of the Brachial Artery: A Report of the International Brachial Artery Reactivity Task Force,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 39, No., 2002, pp. 257-265. doi:10.1016/S0735-1097(01)01746-6
 L. Stoner, et al., “Relationship between Blood Velocity and Conduit Artery Diameter and the Effects of Smoking on Vascular Responsiveness,” Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 96, No. 6, 2004, pp. 2139-2145. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01107.2003
 C. D. Black, B. Vickerson and K. K. McCully, “Noninvasive Assessment of Vascular Function in the Posterior Tibial Artery of Healthy Humans,” Dynamic Medicine, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2003, p. 1. doi:10.1186/1476-5918-2-1
 K. E. Pyke and M. E. Tschakovsky, “The Relationship between Shear Stress and Flow-Mediated Dilatation: Implications for the Assessment of Endothelial Function,” The Journal of Physiology, Vol. 568, No. 2, 2005, pp. 357-369. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2005.089755
 G. F. Mitchell, et al., “Local Shear Stress and Brachial Artery Flow-Mediated Dilation: The Framingham Heart Study,” Hypertension, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2004, pp. 134-139. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000137305.77635.68
 B. A. Parker, T. L. Trehearn and J. R. Meendering, “Pick Your Poiseuille: Normalizing the Shear Stimulus in Studies of Flow-Mediated Dilation,” Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 107, No. 4, 2009, pp. 1357-9. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.91302.2009
 A. Koller, D. Sun and G. Kaley, “Role of Shear Stress and Endothelial Prostaglandins in Flow- and Viscosity-Induced Dilation of Arterioles in vitro,” Circulation Research, Vol. 72, No. 6, 1993, pp. 1276-1284.
 D. D. Duncan, et al., “The Effect of Compliance on Wall Shear in Casts of a Human Aortic Bifurcation,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 112, No. 2, 1990, pp. 183-8. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000137305.77635.68
 O. Reynolds, “An Experimental Investigation of the Circumstances Which Determine Whether the Motion of Water Shall be Direct or Sinuous, and of the Law of Resistance in Parallel Channels,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 174, 1883, pp. 935-982.
 L. Stoner, et al., “Occasional Cigarette Smoking Chronically Affects Arterial Function,” Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, Vol. 34, No. 12, 2008, pp. 1885-1892. doi:10.1161/01.HYP.0000137305.77635.68
 K. E. Pyke and F. Jazuli, “Impact of Repeated Increases in Shear Stress via Reactive Hyperemia and Handgrip Exercise: No Evidence of Systematic Changes in Brachial Artery FMD,” American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 300, No. 3, 2011, pp. H1078-1089. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00736.2010
 K. E. Pyke, E. M. Dwyer and M. E. Tschakovsky, “Impact of Controlling Shear Rate on Flow-Mediated Dilation Responses in the Brachial Artery of Humans,” Journal of Applied Physiology , Vol. 97, No. 2, 2004, pp. 499-508. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.01245.2003
 N. J. Hangiandreou, et al., “The Effects of Irreversible JPEG Compression on an Automated Algorithm for Measuring Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness from Ultrasound Images,” Journal of Digital Imaging, Vol. 15, No. S1, 2002, pp. 258-260.
 T. J. Kizhakekuttu, et al., “Measuring FMD in the brachial artery: how important is QRS gating?” Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 109, No. 4, 2010, pp. 959-65. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00532.2010
 L. Stoner, et al., “The Relationship between Blood Velocity and Conduit Artery Diameter, and the Effects of Smoking on Vascular Responsiveness,” Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 96, No. 9, 2004, pp. 2139-2145.
 A. C. Betik, V. B. Luckham and R. L. Hughson, “Flow-mediated Dilation in Human Brachial Artery after Different Circulatory Occlusion Conditions,” American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiol-ogy, Vol. 286, No. 1, 2004, pp. H442-H448. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00314.2003
 J. Padilla, et al., “Normalization of Flow-Mediated Dilation to Shear Stress Area under the Curve Eliminates the Impact of Variable Hyperemic Stimulus,” Cardiovascular Ultrasound, Vol. 6, 2008, p. 44. doi:10.1186/1476-7120-6-44
 B. Silke and D. McAuley, “Accuracy and Precision of Blood Pressure Determination with the Finapres: An Overview Using Re-sampling Statistics,” Journal of Human Hypertension, Vol. 12, No. 6, 1998, pp. 403-9. doi:10.1038/sj.jhh.1000600
 M. J. Mullen, et al., “Heterogenous Nature of Flow Mediated Dilatation in Human Conduit Arteries in vivo: Relevance to Endothelial Dysfunction in Hypercholes-terolemia,” Circulation Research, Vol. 88, No. 2, 2001, pp. 145-151.
 R. Joannides, et al., “Influence of Vascular Dimension on Gender Difference in Flow-Dependent Dilatation of Peripheral Conduit Arteries,” American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 282, No. 4, 2002, pp. H1262-H1269. doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00209.2001
 M. J. Kuchan, H. Jo and J. A. Frangos, “Role of G Proteins in Shear Stress-Mediated Nitric Oxide Production by Endothelial Cells,” American Journal of Physiology, Vol. 267, No. 3, 1994, pp. C753-C758.
 J. A. Frangos, T. Y. Huang and C. B. Clark, “Steady Shear and Step Changes in Shear Stimulate Endothelium via Independent Mechanisms--Superposition of Transient and Sustained Nitric Oxide Production,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 224, No. 3, 1996, pp. 660-665. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.1081
 H. Macarthur, et al., “Selective Inhibition of Agonist-Induced but Not Shear Stress-Dependent Release of Endothelial Autacoids by Thapsigargin,” British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 108, No. 1, 1993, pp. 100-105.
 S. N. Doshi, et al., “Flow-Mediated Dilatation Following Wrist and upper Arm Occlusion in Humans: The Contribution of Nitric Oxide,” Clinical Science, Vol. 101, No. 6, 2001, pp. 629-635. doi:10.1042/CS20010033
 S. M. Hilton, “A Peripheral Arterial Conducting Mechanism Underlying Dilatation of the Femoral Artery and Concerned in Functional Vasodilatation in Skeletal Muscle,” The Journal of Physiology, Vol. 149, 1959, pp. 93-111.
 Y. Inaba, J. A. Chen and S. R. Bergmann, “Prediction of Future Cardiovascular Outcomes by Flow-Mediated Vasodilatation of Brachial Artery: A Meta-Analysis,” International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, Vol. 26,No. 6, 2010, pp. 631-640. doi:10.1007/s10554-010-9616-1