Back
 ENG  Vol.9 No.3 , March 2017
Research on the Stability Control Strategy of Four-Wheel Independent Driving Electric Vehicle
Abstract: In order to research stability of four-wheel independent driving (4WID) electric vehicle, a torque allocation method based on the tire longitudinal forces optimization distribution is adopted. There are two layers in the controller, which includes the upper layer and the lower layer. In the upper layer, according to the demand of the longitudinal force, PID controller is set up to calculate the additional yaw moment created by yaw rate and side-slip angle. In the lower layer, the additional yaw moment is distributed properly to each wheel limited by several constraints. Carsim is used to build up the vehicle model and MATLAB/Simulink is used to build up the control model and both of them are used to simulate jointly. The result of simulation shows that a torque allocation method based on the tire longitudinal forces optimization distribution can ensure the stability of the vehicle.
Cite this paper: Peng, B. , Zhang, H. and Zhao, P. (2017) Research on the Stability Control Strategy of Four-Wheel Independent Driving Electric Vehicle. Engineering, 9, 338-350. doi: 10.4236/eng.2017.93018.
References

[1]   Sakai, S.I. and Hori, Y.C. (2001) Advanced Motion Control of Electric Vehicle with Fast Minor Feedback Loops: Basic Experiments Using the 4-Wheel Motored EV “UOT Electric March II”. The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan, 22, 527 p.

[2]   Qing, G., Zou, J. and Xu, J., et al. (2014) Torque Allocation Strategy of 4WID In-Wheel Motor Electric Vehicle Based on Objective Optimization. Proceedings of the American Control Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Portland, 2600-2605.

[3]   Massimo, C., Lorenzo, F. and Antonella, F. (2008) Vehicle Yaw Control via Second-Order Sliding-Mode Technique. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 55, 3908-3916.
https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2008.2003200

[4]   Yang, B., Chen, N. and Tian, J., et al. (2013) Simulation Research of 4WS Vehicle Handing Stability Based on Proportional Control. Transactions of Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, 820-823.

[5]   Makoto, K. and Kevin, W. (2006) A Research of Direct Yaw-Moment Control on Slippery Road for In-Wheel Motor Vehicle. Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition, 2, 122-133.

[6]   Jeongmin, K. and Hyunsoo, K. (2007) Electric Vehicle Yaw Rate Control Using Independent In-Wheel Motor. Proceedings of Power Conversion Conference, Nagoya, 705-710.

[7]   Zhu, S.Z., Jiang, W. and Yu, Z.P., et al. (2008) Stability Control of Four In-Wheel-Motor Drive Electric Vehicle by Control Allocation. Journal of System Simulation, 18, 4840-4843.

[8]   Yu, Z.P., Jin, W. and Zhang, L.G. (2008) Torque Distribution Control for 4-W heel-Mot or Driving Electric Vehicle. Journal of Tongji University: Natural Science, 38, 1115 p.

[9]   Ding, X.Y., Zhang, Q.S., Qin, Y.L., et al. (2011) Yaw Stability Control of EV Based on Torque Distribution. High Power Converter Technology, 5, 41-44.

[10]   Miao, L.X. (2010) Research on Drive Control Strategy of Four-Wheel Independent Driven Electric Vehicle. Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 49-56.

[11]   Pei, J.H. (2005) Research on Vehicle Electronic Stability Program Control System. Chongqing University, Chongqing, 51-60.

[12]   Tang, Y.P. (2009) The Research of Electrionic Stability Program Control Based on Direct Yaw Moment Control. Chang’an University, Xi’an, 53-65.

[13]   Kang, J. and Yi, K. (2015) Control Allocation Based Optimal Torque Vectoring for 4WD Electric Vehicle.
http://papers.sae.org/2012-01-0246/

[14]   Yang, W.F. (2010) Automobile Theory. South China University of Technology Press, Guangzhou, 121-144.

 
 
Top