Back
 Health  Vol.9 No.3 , March 2017
Intervention Effects of the School-Based Health Promotion Program “Join the Healthy Boat” on Motor Abilities of Children with Migration Background
Abstract: Purpose: Motor abilities of migrant children show worse performance compared with children without migration background. This study investigated whether a one-year intervention, which aimed to increase physical activity (PA), could influence the motor performance of these children positively. Methods: A sub-sample of 525 migrant children (7.1 ± 0.7 years; 48.6% male), participated in the study and included an intervention (IG) and control group (CG). The Dordel-Koch-Test was used to assess motor performance. An exploratory factor analysis was performed. Differences between IG and CG were examined using ANCOVA. Results: Boys in the IG showed a significant improvement in the conditional skills (F(1, 201) = 8.02, p ≤ 0.005) and girls showed a tendency towards better results. Additionally, girls showed a significant improvement in flexibility (F(1, 226) = 10.72, p ≤ 0.01) compared with the CG. Conclusion: The intervention affects parts of motor skills of migrant children significantly. Future interventions should aim at a target-group-specific promotion to get a holistic improvement in their motor abilities.
Cite this paper: Lämmle, C. , Wartha, O. , Kobel, S. , Wirt, T. , Kelso, A. , Kutzner, C. and Steinacker, J. (2017) Intervention Effects of the School-Based Health Promotion Program “Join the Healthy Boat” on Motor Abilities of Children with Migration Background. Health, 9, 520-533. doi: 10.4236/health.2017.93037.
References

[1]   Penedo, F.J. and Dahn, J.R. (2005) Exercise and Well-Being: A Review of Mental and Physical Health Benefits Associated with Physical Activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 189-193.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00001504-200503000-00013

[2]   Janssen, I. and LeBlanc, A.G. (2010) Systematic Review of the Health Benefits of Physical Activity and Fitness in School-Aged Children and Youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7, 40.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-7-40

[3]   Weiss, R., Dziura, J., Burgert, T.S., Tamborlane, W.V., Taksali, S.E., Yeckel, C.W., Allen, K., Lopes, M., Savoye, M., Morrison, J., Sherwin, R.S. and Caprio, S. (2004) Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents. The New England Journal of Medicine, 350, 2362-2374.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa031049

[4]   Andersen, L.B., Harro, M., Sardinha, L.B., Froberg, K., Ekelund, U., Brage, S. and Anderssen, S.A. (2006) Physical Activity and Clustered Cardiovascular Risk in Children: A Cross-Sectional Study (the European Youth Heart Study). The Lancet, 368, 299-304.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69075-2

[5]   Pate, R.R., Pratt, M., Blair, S.N., Haskell, W.L., Macera, C.A., Bouchard, C., Buchner, D., Ettinger, W., Heath, G.W., King, A.C., Kriska, A., Leon, A.S., Marcus, B.H., Morris, J., Paffenbarger, R.S., Patrick, K., Pollock, M.L., Rippe, J.M., Sallis, J. and Wilmore, J.H. (1995) Physical Activity and Public Health. A Recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 402-407.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1995.03520290054029

[6]   Trost, S.G., Kerr, L.M., Ward, D.S. and Pate, R.R. (2001) Physical Activity and Determinants of Physical Activity in Obese and Non-Obese Children. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders, 25, 822-829.
https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801621

[7]   Mammen, G. and Faulkner, G. (2013) Physical Activity and the Prevention of Depression: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 45, 649-657.

[8]   Lubans, D.R., Morgan, P.J., Cliff, D.P., Barnett, L.M. and Okely, A.D. (2010) Review of the Benefits Associated with Fundamental Movement Skill Competency in Youth. Sports Medicine, 40, 1019-1035.
https://doi.org/10.2165/11536850-000000000-00000

[9]   Strong, W.B., Malina, R.M., Blimkie, C.J., Daniels, S.R., Dishman, R.K., Gutin, B., Hergenroeder, A.C., Must, A., Nixon, P.A., Pivarnik, J.M., Rowland, T., Trost, S. and Trudeau, F. (2005) Evidence Based Physical Activity for School-Age Youth. Journal of Pediatrics, 146, 732-737.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2005.01.055

[10]   Malina, R.M. (2004) Motor Development during Infancy and Early Childhood: Overview and Suggested Directions for Research. International Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2, 50-66.
https://doi.org/10.5432/ijshs.2.50

[11]   Hills, A.P., King, N.A. and Armstrong, T.P. (2007) Re Contribution of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviours to the Growth and Development of Children and Adolescents. Sports Medicine, 37, 533-545.

[12]   Eime, R., Harvey, J.T., Sawyer, N.A., Craike, M.J., Symons, C.M., Polman, R.C.J. and Payne, W.R. (2013) Understanding the Contexts of Adolescent Female Participation in Sport and Physical Activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84, 157-166.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2013.784846

[13]   Lämmle, L., Worth, A. and Bös, K. (2012) Socio-Demographic Correlates of Physical Activity and Physical Fitness in German Children and Adolescents. European Journal of Public Health, 22, 880-884.
https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckr191

[14]   Pour, M.B., Bergström, A., Bottai, M., Kull, I., Wickman, M., Håkansson, N., Wolk, A. and Moradi, T. (2014) Effect of Parental Migration Background on Childhood Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Body Mass Index. Journal of Obesity, 2014, Article ID: 406529.

[15]   Okley, A.D., Hardy, L.L., Booth, M.L., Dobbins, T.A., Denney-Wilson, E.A. and Yang, B. (2010) Changes in Cardiorespiratory Fitness among Children and Adolescents in Australia: 1997 and 2004. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28, 851-857.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640411003716959

[16]   Wrotniak, B., Epstein, H.L.H., Dorn, J.M., Jones, K.E. and Kondilis, V.A. (2006) The Relationship between Motor Proficiency and Physical Activity in Children. Pediatrics, 118, 1758-1765.
https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-0742

[17]   Rivilis, I., Hay, J., Cairney, J., Klentrous, P., Liu, J. and Faught, B.E. (2011) Physical Activity and Fitness in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Systematic Review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 894-910.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.017

[18]   Fisher, A., Reilly, J.J., Kelly, L.A., Montgomery, C., Williamson, A., Paton, J.Y. and Grant, S. (2005) Fundamental Movement Skills and Habitual Physical Activity in Young Children. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 37, 684-688.
https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000159138.48107.7D

[19]   Aaltonen, S., Latvala, A., Rose, R.J., Pulkkinen, L., Kujala, U.M., Kaprio, J. and Silventoinen, K. (2015) Motor Development and Physical Activity: A Longitudinal Discordant Twin-Pair Study. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47, 2111-2118.
https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000650

[20]   Dreyhaupt, J., Koch, B., Wirt, T., Schreiber, A., Brandstetter, S., Kesztyüs, D., Wartha, O., Kobel, S., Kettner, S., Prokopchuk, D., Hundsdörfer, V., Klepsch, M., Wiedom, M., Sufeida, S., Fischbach, N., Muche, R., Seufert, T. and Steinacker, J.M. (2012) Evaluation of a Health Promotion Program in Children: Study Protocol and Design of the Cluster Randomized Baden-Württemberg Primary School Study. BMC Public Health, 12, 157.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-157

[21]   Schenk, L., Ellert, U. and Neuhauser, H. (2007) Kinder und Jugendliche mit Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland [Children and Adolescents with Migration Background]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt-Gesundheitsforschung-Gesundheitsschutz, 50, 590-599.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-007-0220-z

[22]   Kobel, S., Wirt, T., Schreiber, A., Kesztyus, D., Kettner, S., Erkelenz, N., Wartha, O. and Steinacker, J.M. (2014) Intervention Effects of a School-Based Health Promotion Programme on Obesity Related Behavioural Outcomes. Journal of Obesity, 2014, Article ID: 476230.

[23]   Kobel, S., Laemmle, C., Wartha, O., Kesztyus, D., Wirt, T. and Steinacker, J.M. (2016) Effects of a Randomised Controlled School-Based Health Promotion Intervention on Obesity Related Behavioural Outcomes of Children with Migration Background. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 19, 254-262.

[24]   Brauns, H. and Steinmann, S. (1999) Educational Reform in France, West-Germany and the United Kingdom: Updating the CASMIN Educational Classification. ZUMA Nachrichten, 23, 7-44.

[25]   Stewart, A., Marfell-Jones, M., Olds, T. and Ridder, H. (2011) International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment. ISAK, Lower Hutt.

[26]   Kromeyer-Hauschild, K., Wabitsch, M., Kunze, D., Geller, F., Geiβ, H.C., Hesse, V., von Hippel, A., Jaeger, U., Johnsen, D., Korte, W., Menner, K., Müller, G., Müller, J.M., Niemann-Pilatus, A., Remer, T., Schaefer, F., Wittchen, H.-U., Zabransky, S., Zellner, K., Ziegler, A. and Hebebrand, J. (2001) Perzentile für den Body-mass-Index für das Kindes-und Jugendalter unter Heranziehung verschiedener deutscher Stichproben [Percentiles of Body Mass Index in Children and Adolescents Evaluated from Different Regional German Studies]. Monatsschrift für Kinderheilkunde, 149, 807-818.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s001120170107

[27]   Lämmle, C., Kobel, S., Wartha, O., Wirt, T. and Steinacker, J.M. (2016) Intervention Effects of a School-Based Health Promotion Program on Children’s Motor Skills. Journal of Public Health, 24, 185-192.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-016-0715-x

[28]   Dordel, S. and Koch, B. (2004) Basistest zur Erfassung der motorischen Leistungs-fähigkeit von Kindern und Jugendlichen [Test for the Assessment of Motor Performance of Children and Adolescent]. Deutsche Sporthochschule Köln.
http://www.fitnessolympiade.de/Inhalt/manual-dordel-koch-test.pdf

[29]   Bös, K. and Mechling, H. (1983) Dimensionen Sportmotorischer Leistungen [Dimensions of Motor Skills]. Hofmann, Schorndorf.

[30]   Graf, C., Koch, B., Falkowski, G., Jouck, S., Christ, H., Staueenmaier, K., Bjarnson-Wehrens, B., Tokarski, W., Dordel, S. and Predel, H.G. (2005) Effects of A School-Based Intervention on BMI and Motor Abilities in Childhood. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 4, 291-299.

[31]   Kriemler, S., Zahner, L., Schindler, C., Meyer, U., Hartmann, T., Hebestreit, H., Brunner-La Rocca, H.P., van Melchen, W. and Puder, J.J. (2010) Effect of School Based Physical Activity Programme (KISS) on Fitness and Adiposity in Primary Schoolchildren: Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial. BMJ, 340, c785.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c785

[32]   Sacchetti, R., Ceciliani, A., Garulli, A., Dallolio, L., Beltrami, P. and Leoni, E. (2013) Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Intervention of Enhanced Physical Education in the Primary School. Journal of School Health, 83, 639-646.
https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12076

[33]   BMFSFJ (2009) Motorik-Modul: Eine Studie zur motorischen Leistungsfähigkeit und körperlich-sportlichen Aktivität von Kindern und Jugendlichen in Deutsch-land [Motorik-Modul: A Study of Physical Fitness and Physical Activity in German Children and Adolescents]. Nomos Verlag, Baden-Baden.

[34]   Starker, A., Lampert, T., Worth, A., Oberger, J., Kahl, H. and Bös, K. (2007) Moto-rische Leistungsfähigkeit. Ergebnisse des Kinder-und Jugendgesund-heitssurveys (KiGGS). Bundesgesundheitsbl-Gesundheitsforsch-Gesundheitsschutz, 50, 775-783.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-007-0240-8

[35]   Laukkaneen, A., Pesola, A., Havu, M., Sääkslahti, A. and Finni, T. (2014) Relationship between Habitual Physical Activity and Gross Motor Skills is Multifaceted in 5- to 8-Year-Old Children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 24, e102-e110.
https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12116

[36]   Haubenstricker, J. and Seefeldt, V. (1986) Acquisition of Motor Skills during Childhood. In: Seefeldt, V., Ed., In Physical Activity and Well-Being, American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, 41-92.

[37]   Muller, M.J., Danielzik, S. and Pust, S. (2005) School- and Family-Based Interventions to Prevent Overweight in Children. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 64, 249-254.
https://doi.org/10.1079/PNS2005424

[38]   Muckelbauer, R., Libuda, L., Clausen, K., Toschke, A.M., Reinehr, T. and Kersting, M. (2010) Immigrational Background Affects the Effectiveness of a School-Based Over-weight Prevention Program Promoting Water Consumption. Obesity, 18, 528-534.
https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.270

[39]   Nemet, D., Geva, D. and Eliakim, A. (2011) Health Promotion Intervention in Low Socioeconomic Kindergarten Children. Journal of Pediatrics, 158, 796-801.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.10.040

[40]   Hardy, L.L., King, L., Farrell, L., Macniven, R. and Howlett, S. (2010) Fundamental Movement Skills among Australian Preschool Children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13, 503-508.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2009.05.010

[41]   Cecchini, M., Sassi, F., Lauer, J.A., Lee, Y.Y., Guajardo-Barron, V. and Chisholm, D. (2010) Tackling of Unhealthy Diets, Physical Inactivity, and Obesity: Health Effects and Cost-Effectiveness. The Lancet, 376, 1775-1784.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61514-0

 
 
Top