ABSTRACT The influence of slow heating rates: 2, 5, 10 and 30?C/min (0.033, 0.083, 0.166 and 0.50℃/s) on the β phase decomposition of Ti-5Al-5Mo-5V-3Cr (Ti-5553) during continuous heating were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis, light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and hardness testing. Starting microstructure was the β phase obtained by heating the Ti-5553 above the Tβ temperature and a water quench. Results show that heating rate has a significant impact on the precipitation mechanisms and on the β→α transformation in this range of heating rates. The main formation of α precipitates occurs between 500 and 600℃at all heating rates tested.A heating at 2℃/min produces very fine and homogeneously distributed α plate precipitates which have nucleated on the nanometer size ωiso precipitates. The ωiso precipitates between 350 and 400℃. At higher heating rates 10, 15 or 30℃/min, the amount of precipitation of ωiso is lower so an additional formation of nanometer size precipitates occurs between 450 and 500℃ It is supposed that both precipitates act as nucleation sites for α phase precipitation. The resultant microstructure consists in a fine intragranular distribution of α precipitates and a coarser precipitation of α at the grain boundaries. It is shown that the precipitation of ωiso phase retards or prevents the precipitation of nanometer size precipitates occurring between 450 and 500℃. This cannot be generalized to all the β-metastable titanium alloys since Ti-LCB does not exhibit the same heating rate dependence on DSC curves.
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