Back
 OJD  Vol.6 No.1 , February 2017
Quantum Paradigms of Psychopathology: From Consciousness to Neuroethics
Abstract: The present work deals with the complexity of the arguments underlying the meaning of the quantum paradigm of psychopathology. In particular, the quantum approach to the understanding of the brain and consciousness, seems to present convergence of thinking of many scientists and also seems to be the most promising way in the approach of future research. The practical potency of classical neuroscience directed toward either beneficial or perverse purposes will prove in the end limited by that orthodox paradigm’s inherently poor explanatory power in linking mind and brain, especially at the basic level of the Hard Problem as Chalmers (1995) has termed. However, if quantum neurobiology should demonstrate greater explanatory power than does its classical counterpart, then an enhanced potential not only for constructive psychiatric application but also for politically motivated abuse will follow with a vengeance. If the mechanistic-reductionist cognitive approaches have been characterised by the metaphor of the “edifice”, of the solid Cartesian rock, all the forms of knowledge founded on complexity theory, have been characterised by the metaphor of the “network”, of thinking in relationships, in a dynamic, fluid, open manner. In the field of mental illness, this means setting aside both the organicist paradigm and the pseudo-phenomenological, “sentimental”, and therefore ideological, paradigm, in order to have an integrated view of biological objectiveness and humanistic psychotherapy. That is to say, an expression of diverse interrelated contributions from the various disciplines (psychiatry, psychology, biochemistry, anthropology, quantum physics, mathematics, philosophy). The observer thus becomes a builder of models, a manager of complexity, giving treatment the character of a truly empathic relationship. This is all the more so where distressing pathologies are involved, such as Major Depression (MD) and Bipolar Disorder (BD), caput mortuum of psychiatry, because the absence of cogent biological markers seriously compromises every form of therapy.
Cite this paper: Cocchi, M. , Tonello, L. and Gabrielli, F. (2017) Quantum Paradigms of Psychopathology: From Consciousness to Neuroethics. Open Journal of Depression, 6, 24-30. doi: 10.4236/ojd.2017.61003.
References

[1]   Anders, G. (1956). Die Antiquiertheit des Menschen. Munich: Beck.

[2]   Bohm, D. (1951). Quantum Theory. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

[3]   Chalmers, D. (1995). Facing up to the Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 2, 200-219.

[4]   Cocchi, M., Tonello, L., Gabrielli, F., & Castaldo, A. (2013a). Music, Brain, Consciousness. Lugano: Ludes University Press.

[5]   Cocchi, M., Gabrielli, F., Tonello, L., Delogu, M., Beghelli, V., Mattioli, M., & Accorsi, P. A. (2013b). Consciousness from Animals to Humans: Quantum and Molecular Pathways. Quantum Biosystems QPP Group, 5, 19-20.

[6]   Cocchi, M., Minuto, C., Tonello, L., & Tuszynski, J. A. (2015a). Connection between the Linoleic Acid and Psychopathology: A Symmetry-Breaking Phenomenon in the Brain? Open Journal of Depression, 4, 41-52.
https://doi.org/10.4236/ojd.2015.44005

[7]   Cocchi, M., Tonello, L., & Gabrielli, F. (2015b). Molecular and Quantum Approach to Psychopathology and Consciousness. Annals of Depression and Anxiety, 2, 1046.

[8]   Cocchi, M., Tonello, L., Gabrielli, F., Pregnolato, M., & Pessa, E. (2011). Quantum Hypothesis on Human and Animal Consciousness: A Concept Embracing Philosophy. Quantitative Molecular Biology and Mathematics. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 2, 547-574.

[9]   Derrida, J., & Wills, D. (2002). The Animal That Therefore I Am (More to Follow). Critical Inquiry, 28, 369-418.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1344276
https://doi.org/10.1086/449046


[10]   Flanagan, O. (1991). Varieties of Moral Personalities. Ethics and Psychological Realism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

[11]   Levine, J. (1983). Materialism and Qualia: The Explanatory Gap. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 64, 354-361.

[12]   Mender, D. (2013). The Cunning of the Observable: Generalized Fourier Duality, The Hard Problem, and Natural Kinds of Psychopathology. Quantum Biosystems, 5, 43-54.

[13]   Panitchayangkoon, G. et al. (2010). Long-Lived Quantum Coherence in Photosynthetic Complexes at Physiological Temperature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107, 12766-12770.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1005484107

[14]   Pothos, E. M., & Busemeyer, J. R. (2009). A Quantum Probability Model Explanation for Violations of “Rational” Decision Making. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 276, 2171-2178.
https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.0121

[15]   Pylkkanen, P. (2010). Implications of Bohmian Quantum Ontology for Psychopathology. NeuroQuantology, 8, 13-28.
https://doi.org/10.14704/nq.2010.8.1.265

[16]   Tegmark, M. (2000). Importance of Quantum Coherence in Brain Processes. Physical Review E, 61, 4194-4206.
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.61.4194

[17]   Tonello, L., Cocchi, M., Gabrielli, F., & Tuszynski, J. A. (2015). On the Possible Quantum Role of Serotonin in Consciousness. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 14, 295-308.
https://doi.org/10.1142/S021963521550017X

[18]   von Neumann, J. (1932). Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[19]   Weber, M. (1918). Politik als Beruf. Gesammelte Politische Schriften (Muenchen, 1921) (pp. 396-450). Originally a Speech at Munich University, Munich: Duncker & Humblodt.

[20]   Woolf, N., Craddock, T. J. A., Friesen, D. E., & Tuszynski, J. A. (2010). Impaired Neuroplasticity and Possible Quantum Processing Derailment in Microtubules. NeuroQuantology, 1, 13-28.

[21]   Zizzi, P., & Pregnolato, M. (2012). Quantum Logic of the Unconscious and Schizophrenia. Paradigms Quantum Logic of the Unconscious and Schizophrenia. NeuroQuantology, 10, 566-579.
https://doi.org/10.14704/nq.2012.10.3.550

 
 
Top