AS  Vol.8 No.2 , February 2017
Storage Potentialities of Some Exotic Potato Varieties at Farmers’ Condition in Bangladesh
Abstract: Potatoes have to be stored after harvest for a shorter or longer period in order to maintain even supply to the market throughout the year for direct human consumption as well as for the processing industry. The present study focused on the storage potentialities of six exotic varieties of potato viz., Diamant, Cardinal, Granola, Felsina, Provento and Asterix at farmers’ condition. The experiment was conducted during winter (December to March) for cultivation, and spring and summer (March to August) for storage at Domar Foundation Seed Potato Production Farm, BADC, Nilphamari, Bangladesh. Results revealed that there were significant variations in storage behavior among the varieties of potato tubers. Asterix showed minimum weight loss (7.10%) which was statistically identical with Cardinal (7.85%) while it was maximum in Felsina (18.83%) followed by Provento (13.41%) during four months storage conditions practicing by farmers (farmers’ conditions). In respect of rotting, significantly highest degree was found in Felsina (18.72%) followed by Provento (15.01%) and the lowest was in Asterix (2.02%) identically similar with Granola (2.22%). The highest percentage of water loss was found in Provento (27.01%) and the lowest was recorded in Asterix (17.03%). Dormancy period and sprouts per tuber were found highest in Asterix (70 days and 9.67) while the lowest dormancy was in Diamant (56 days) and the lowest sprouting was in Granola (2.50). Asterix was found to produce significantly highest amount of dry matter content (20.50%) along with higher amount of edible stored tubers (80.21%) compared to those of other varieties at the end of four months storage. Under the same condition, Diamant was the second highest producer of dry matter (20%) which was statistically similar with Asterix, and had good storage ability that retained 69.07% edible tubers, whereas Felsina contained the lowest amount of dry matter (16%) and showed poor storage ability retaining 55.85% edible tubers. Based on the results, Asterix possessed better keeping quality with long dormancy, minimum weight loss, higher tuber dry matter with edible tuber, excellent storage ability, low storage losses and rotting. However, the variety Asterix may be recommended for commercial storage under ordinary storage condition or farmers’ practice. Diamant ranked in second position considering the above circumstances, although showed better performances compared to the rest of the studied varieties.
Cite this paper: Azad, A. , Kabir, H. , Eaton, T. and Binod Soren, E. (2017) Storage Potentialities of Some Exotic Potato Varieties at Farmers’ Condition in Bangladesh. Agricultural Sciences, 8, 183-193. doi: 10.4236/as.2017.82013.

[1]   Munira, S., Hossain, M.M., Zakaria, M., Ahmed, J.U. and Islam, M.M. (2015) Evaluation of Potato Varieties against Salinity Stress in Bangladesh. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, 6, 73-81.

[2]   Wolf, T.K. and Kipps, M.S. (1959) Production of Field Crops. 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, 321 p.

[3]   Saha, K.M. and Hossain, M.S.M. (2011) An Analysis of Present Production and Marketing Situation in Bangladesh. Hortex Foundation Newsl, 11, 1-8.

[4]   BBS (2009) Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 135-146.

[5]   Sabur, S.A. and Gangwar, A.C. (2005) Demand-Supply Projections of Potato in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture, 10, 59-66.

[6]   Kang, G.S. and Gopal, J. (1993) Differences among Potato Genotypes in Storability at High Temperature after Periods of Storage. Journal of Indian Potato Association, 20, 105-110.

[7]   Singh, S.V., Pandey, S.K. and Khurana, S.M.P. (2001) Storage Behaviour of Some Advanced Potato Hybrids in Plains of Western UP at Ambient Temperatures. Journal of Indian Potato Association, 28, 135-136.

[8]   Patel, R.N., Kanbi, V.H., Patel, C.K., Patel, N.H. and Chaudhari, S.M. (2002) Room Temperature Storage of Some Advanced Potato Hybrids and Varieties in the Plains of Gujarat. Journal of Indian Potato Association, 29, 159-161.

[9]   Pande, P.C. and Luthra, S.K. (2003) Performance and Storability of Advanced Potato Hybrids in West Central Plains. Journal of Indian Potato Association, 30, 21-22.

[10]   Das, M., Ezekiel, R., Pandey, S.K. and Singh, A.N. (2004) Storage Behaviour of Potato Varieties and Advanced Cultures at Room Temperature in Bihar. Potato Journal, 31, 71-75.

[11]   Kumar, R., Pandey, S.K. and Khurana, S.M.P. (2005) Keeping Quality of Potato Processing Varieties during Room Temperature Storage. Potato Journal, 32, 55-59.

[12]   Mehta, A. and Kaul, H.N. (1997) Physiological Weight Loss in Potatoes under Non-Refrigerated Storage: Contribution of Respiration and Transpiration. Journal of Indian Potato Association, 24, 106-113.

[13]   Mehta, A., Singh, S.V., Pandey, S.K. and Ezekiel, R. (2006) Storage Behaviour of Newly Released Potato Cultivars under Non-Refrigerated Storage. Potato Journal, 33, 158-161.

[14]   Pande, P.C., Singh, S.V., Pandey, S.K. and Singh, B. (2007) Dormancy Sprouting Behaviour and Weight Loss in Indian Potato (Solanum tuberosum) Varieties. International Journal of Agricultural Science, 77, 715-720.

[15]   Islam, M.M., Kabir, H.M., Sattar, M.A. and Kabir, M.S. (2008) Management Practices in Some Selected Cold Storage in Bangladesh. Journal of Innovative Development strategy, 2, 48-54.

[16]   Duncan, D.B. (1955) Multiple Ranges and Multiple F-Test. Biometrics, 11, 1-42.

[17]   Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984) Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 680 p.

[18]   Alauddin, M. (1978) Preservation of Potato Procedure. 1st Workshop of Potato Research Workers, Dhaka, 28-30 March 1978, 91-94.

[19]   Van, E.A. and Hartmans, K.J. (1987) Dormancy, Sprouting and Sprout Inhibition. In: Rastovski, A., van Es, A., et al., Eds., Storage of Potatoes: Post-Harvest Behavior, Store Design, Storage Practice, Handling, Pudoc, Wageningen, 114-132.

[20]   Ezekiel, R., Singh, B., Sharma, M.L., Garg, I.D. and Khurana, S.M.P. (2004) Relationship between Weight Loss and Periderm Thickness in Potatoes Stored at Different Temperatures. Potato Journal, 31,135-140.

[21]   Gupto, V.K., Luthra, S.K. and Singh, B.P. (2015) Storage Behaviour and Cooking Quality of Indian Potato Varieties. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52, 4863-4873.

[22]   Ezekiel, R. and Singh, B. (2003) Seed Physiology. The Potato Production and Utilization in Sub-Tropics. Mehta Publishers, New Delhi, 301-313.

[23]   Anonymous (1978) Annual Report for 1977-78. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Dacca, 25 p.

[24]   Hossain, M.A.E. and Abbas, A.M. (1977) Period of Dormancy of Different Cultivars of Potato. Proceedings of 1st Workshop of Potato Research Workers, Dhaka, 28-30 March 1978, 69 p.

[25]   Burton, W.G. (1989) Post Harvest Physiology. In: Burton, W.G., Ed., Essex: The Potato, 3rd Edition, Longman Scientific and Technical, Harlow, 423-522.

[26]   Raghav, M. and Singh, N.P. (2003) Differences among Potato Cultivars for Their Storability under Room Temperature. Progress Horticulture, 35, 196-198.

[27]   Kang, G.S., Kumar, R., Gopal, J., Pandey, S.K. and Khurana, S.M.P. (2007) Kufri Pushkar—A Main Crop Potato Variety with Good Keeping Quality for Indian Plains. Potato Journal, 34, 147-152.

[28]   Beukemas, H.P. and Zaag, D.E.V.D. (1979) Potato Improvement’, Some Facts and Forces. I.A.C. Wageningen, 103-112.

[29]   Anonymous (1987) Yield and Yield Contributing Characters of Dutch Potato Germ Plasms. Annual Report, 1986-1987. Potato Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Dhaka, 1-13.