JWARP  Vol.9 No.2 , February 2017
Assessment of Groundwater Water Quality in M’nasra (Morocco)
Abstract: The consumption of non-potable water is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world [1]. 88% of diarrhea cases worldwide are attributed to unsafe drinking water; inadequate sanitation or inadequate is responsible for 1.5 million of deaths every year, mostly in children [1] [2]. Household waste. Leachate can be considered among the potential sectors that can contribute to the degradation of water quality and soil. To this end, we selected physico-chemical inorganic elements like indicator of pollution in the neighboring groundwater discharge of the water table in the region of Ouled Berjal to assess the quality of the region’s water wells in M’nasra. The wells in full discharge have a very high pollution levels and water collected from wells located right near the discharge of Ouled Berjal shows lower levels of contamination. So the well water away from the landfill is quite low compared to the other groups.
Cite this paper: Elmarkhi, M. , Sadek, S. , Elkharrim, K. , Benelharkati, F. , El Khayyat, F. and Belghyti, D. (2017) Assessment of Groundwater Water Quality in M’nasra (Morocco). Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 9, 111-120. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2017.92009.

[1]   OECD (2003) Biotechnology for Water Use and Conservation. The Mexico '96 Workshop.

[2]   Pruss-üstün, A., Bos, R., Gore, F. and Bartram, J. (2008) Safer Water, Better Health: Costs, Benefits and Sustainability of Interventions to Protect and Promote Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, 60.

[3]   Scanlon, B.R., Reedy, R.C., Stonestrom, D., Prudic, D.D.D.E. and Dennehy, K.F. (2005) Impact of Land Use and Land Cover Change on Groundwater Recharge and Quality in the Southwestern US. Global Change Biology, 11, 1577-1593.

[4]   El-Naqa, A., Al-Momani, M., Kilani, S. and Hamouri, N. (2007) Groundwater Deterioration of Shallow Groundwater Aquifers Due to Overexploitation in Northeast Jordan. CLEAN—Soil, Air, Water, 35, 156-166.

[5]   Eblin, S.G., Sombo, A.P., Soro, G., Aka, N., Kambiré, O. and Soro, N. (2014) Hydro-chemistry of Surface Water in the Region Adiake. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 75, 6259-6271.

[6]   Eddy, M. (1991) Wastewater Engineering: Treatment, Disposal, and Reuse. 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

[7]   Arcand, Y., Paris, J., Rouleau, D. and Mayer, R. (1989) Effect of Operation Parameters on the Settling of Organic Sludge from a Treatment Unit of Refinery Waste Water. Journal of Water Science, 2, 43-69.

[8]   El-Kharmouz (2011) Studying the Impact of Leachate from the Old Landfill of the City of Oujda (Eastern Morocco) on the Physicochemical Quality of Groundwater and Surface Water. Larhyss Journal, No. 16, 105-119.

[9]   Khattabi, H. (2002) Study Interests Hydrogeological and Hydro-Biological Parameters for Understanding the Operation of the Leachate Treatment Plant for Household Waste Landfill Etueffont (Belfort, France). PhD Thesis, University of Franche Comte, Universitaire D'Ingénieurs de Lille, France, 171 p.