AJPS  Vol.8 No.2 , January 2017
Line × Tester Analysis of Tropical High Land Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines Top Crossed with Three East African Maize Populations
Abstract: Maize breeding efforts to generate high yielding and adaptive cultivars have recently been given emphasis by national maize breeding program. In Ethiopia, the maize production system is mainly dominated by subsistence farmers where their production is below average. The objectives of this study were to determine the combining ability between lines and testers, and to evaluate the performance of crosses (hybrids) and parents for grain yield and yield component traits. Twenty-seven inbred lines were generated by crossing nine female lines (L1-L9) and three male testers (T1-T3) using line × tester mating system at International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), East African high land maize improvement program. The inbred lines along with parents were evaluated in randomized complete block design with two replications at three locations (Ambo, Kulumsa and Haramaya). Significant differences were observed among genotypes for all ten traits considered. Eight crosses (L1 × T2, L1 × T3, L3 × T3, L8 × T1, L4 × T2, L9 × T1, L2 × T1, and L2 × T2) had higher yield performance compared to other crosses across environments. Significant mean square differences were found across locations for general combining ability (GCA) due to lines for all traits except for number of kernel rows per ear, whereas GCA due to testers were significant only for grain yield, ear length and 1000-seed weight. Significant mean square due to GCA × Loc (both for lines and testers) was found for days to maturity (38.71*), 1000-seed weight (4582.36**) and grain yield (2756777**), while significant SCA × Loc interaction was found for all traits except number of kernel rows per ear (1.07), ear length (0.79) and ear diameter (0.12), suggesting that the importance of additive and non-additive gene effects in controlling these characters.
Cite this paper: Assefa, T. , Zeleke, H. , Afriye, T. and Otyama, P. (2017) Line × Tester Analysis of Tropical High Land Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines Top Crossed with Three East African Maize Populations. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 8, 126-136. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2017.82010.

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