ttps://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1976.tb00946.x

[24]   Rugh, J.D. and Solberg, W.K. (1985) Oral Health Status in the US: TM Disorders. Journal of Dental Education, 49, 398-405.

[25]   Heloe, B. and Heloe, L.A. (1975) Characteristics of a Group of Patients with TM Disorders. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 3, 72-79.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1975.tb00284.x

[26]   Ramfjord, S.P. and Ash, M.M. (1983) Occlusion. 3rd Edition, WB Saunders, Philadelphia.

[27]   Moody, P.M., et al. (1981) Stress-Pain Relationship in MPD Syndrome Patients and Non-MPD Syndrome Patients. JPD, 45, 84-87.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(81)90016-0

[28]   Moody, P.M., et al. (1982) Recent Life Changes and MPD Syndrome. JPD, 48, 328-330.

[29]   Franks, A.S.T. (1964) The Social Character of TM Joint Dysfunction. Dental Practice, 15, 94-100.

[30]   Ingervall, B. and Hedegard, B. (1974) Subjective Evaluation of Functional Disturbances of the Masticatory System in Young Swedish Men. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 2, 149-152.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0528.1974.tb01672.x

[31]   Egermark-Ericksson, I., Ingervall, B. and Carlsson, G. (1983) The Dependence of Mandibular Dysfunction in Children on Functional and Morphologic Malocclusion. American Journal of Orthodontics, 83, 187-194.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9416(83)90082-9

[32]   Berry, D.C. and Singh, B.P. (1984) Effect of EMG Biofeedback Therapy on Occlusal Contacts. JPD, 51, 397-403.

[33]   Girardot, R.A. (1987) The Nature of Condylar Displacement in Patients with TM Pain-Dysfunction. Orthodontic Review, 1, 16-23.

[34]   Crawford, S.D. (1999) The Relationship between Condylar Axis Position as Determined by the Occlusion and Measured by the CPI Instrument and Signs and Symptoms of TM Joint Dysfunction. Angle Orthodontist, 69, 103-115.

[35]   Dawson, P.E. (2007) Functional Occlusion: From TMJ to Smile Design. CV Mosby, St. Louis, 48-50, 76-96, 108, 264-275, 281, 297, 352-354, 408.

[36]   Roura, N. and Clayton, J.A. (1975) Pantographic Records of TMJ Dysfunction Subjects Treated with Occlusal Splints. JPD, 33, 442-453.

[37]   Pameijer, J.H.N. (1985) Periodontal and Occlusal Factors in Crown and Bridge Procedures. Dental Centre for Post Graduate Courses, Amsterdam.

[38]   Campbell, J. (1958) Distribution and Treatment of Pain in TM Arthroses. British Dental Journal, 105, 393-407.

[39]   Watt, D.M. (1981) Gnathosonic Diagnosis and Occlusal Dynamics. Praeger, Holt, Saunders, Eastbourne.

[40]   Greene, C.S. and Laskin, D.M. (1972) Splint Therapy for the MPD Syndrome: A Comparative Study. JADA, 84, 624-628.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1972.0090

[41]   Foodman, P., Greene, C.S. and Laskin, D.M. (1976) Response of Patients with MPD Syndrome to Mock Occlusal Equilibration. JADA, 92, 755-758.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1976.0419

[42]   Helkimo, M. (1974) Studies on Function and Dysfunction of the Masticatory System. II Index for Anamnestic and Clinical Dysfunction and Occlusal State. Svensk Tandlakare-Tidskrift, 67, 101-119.

[43]   Shields, J.M., Clayton, J.A. and Sindledecker, L.D. (1978) Using Pantographic Tracings to Detect TMJ and Muscle Dysfunction. JPD, 39, 80-87.

[44]   Lederman, K.H. and Clayton, J.A. (1982) Patients with Restored Occlusions. Part I: TMJ Dysfunction Determined Be a Pantographic Reproducibility Index. JPD, 47, 198-205.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(82)90188-3

[45]   Clayton, J.A. (1976) A Pantographic Reproducibility Index (PRI) for Detection of TMJ Dysfunction. Journal of Dental Research, 55, 161 (Abstract).

[46]   Crispin, B.J., Myers, G.E. and Clayton, J.A. (1978) Effect of Occlusal Therapy on Pantographic Reproducibility of Mandibular Border Movements. JPD, 40, 29-34.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(78)90154-3

[47]   Mongini, F. (1980) Condylar Remodeling after Occlusal Therapy. JPD, 43, 568-577.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(80)90333-9

[48]   Beard, C.C. and Clayton, J.A. (1980) Effects of Occlusal Splint Therapy on TMJ Dysfunction. JPD, 44, 324-335.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(80)90021-9

[49]   Magnusson, T. and Carlsson, G.E. (1983) Occlusal Adjustment in Patients with Residual or Recurrent of Mandibular Dysfunction. JPD, 49, 706-710.

[50]   Solberg, W.K., Clark, G.T. and Rugh, J.D. (1975) Nocturnal EMG Evaluation of Bruxism Patients Undergoing Short Term Splint Therapy. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 2, 215-223.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1975.tb00915.x

[51]   Williamson, E.H. and Lundquist, D.O. (1983) Anterior Guidance: Its Effect on EMG Activity of the Temporal and Masseter Muscles. JPD, 49, 816-823.

[52]   Clark, G.T. (1984) A Critical Evaluation of Orthopedic Interocclusal Appliance Therapy: Design, Theory, and Overall Effectiveness. JADA, 108, 359-364.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1984.0010

[53]   Clark, G.T. (1984) A Critical Evaluation of Orthopedic Appliance Therapy: Effectiveness for Specific Symptoms. JADA, 108, 364-368.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1984.0002

[54]   Wahlund, K. and List, T. (2003) Treatment of TM Disorders among Adolescents: A Comparison between Occlusal Appliance, Relaxation Training, and Brief Information. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 203-211.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00016350310003891

[55]   Maloney, F. and Howard, J.A. (1986) Internal Derangements of the TM Joint. III. Anterior Repositioning Splint Therapy. Australian Dental Journal, 31, 30-39.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1834-7819.1986.tb02980.x

[56]   Howat, A.P., Capp, N.J. and Barrett, N.V.J. (1991) A Color Atlas of Occlusion and Malocclusion. CV Mosby, St. Louis.

[57]   Okeson, J.P. (1993) Management of TM Disorders and Occlusion. 3rd Edition, Vol. 113, CV Mosby, St. Louis, 453-458.

[58]   Dawson, P.E. (1996) A Classification System for Occlusions That Relates Maximal Intercuspation to the Position and Condition of the TM Joints. JPD, 75, 60-68.

[59]   Sicher, H. (1980) Sicher’s Oral Anatomy. 7th Edition, CV Mosby, St. Louis, 178.

[60]   Hylander, W.L. (1979) Functional Anatomy. In: Sarnat, B.G. and Laskin, D.M., Eds., The Temporomandibular Joint, 3rd Edition, Thomas, Springfield.

[61]   Lundeen, H.C. and Gibbs, C.H. (1982) Advances in Occlusion. Postgraduate Dental Handbook, Vol. 14, John Wright Publisher, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 7-10.

[62]   Huffman, R.W. and Regenos, J.W. (1978) Principles of Occlusion. Hand R Press, Columbus.

[63]   Wood, D.P. and Elliot, R.W. (1994) Reproducibility of the Centric Relation Wax Bite Technic. Angle Orthodontist, 64, 211-221.

[64]   Slavicek, R.J. (1988) Clinical and Instrumental Functional Analysis for Diagnosis and Treatment Planning, Part IV: Instrumental Analysis of Mandibular Casts Using the Mandibular Position Indicator. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics, 22, 566-575.

[65]   Stuart, C.E. (1964) Good Occlusion for Natural Teeth. JPD, 14, 716-724.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(64)90207-0

[66]   Pousselt, V. (1968) Physiology of Occlusion and Rehabilitation. 2nd Edition, Black-well Scientific Publications, Oxford.

[67]   Ackerman, J. and Proffit, W. (1997) Soft Tissue Limitations in Orthodontics: Treatment Planning Guidelines. Angle Orthodontist, 67, 327.

[68]   Roth, R.H. (1976) The Maintenance System and Occlusal Dynamics. Dental Clinics of North America, 20, 761-788.

[69]   Calagna, L.S., Silverman, S.I. and Garfinkel, L. (1973) Influence of Neuromuscular Conditioning on Centric Registrations. JPD, 30, 598.

[70]   Capp, N.J. and Clayton, J.A. (1985) A Technic for Evaluation of Centric Relation Tooth Contacts: Part II: Following Use of an Occlusal Splint for Treatment of TMJ Dysfunction. JPD, 54, 697-705.

[71]   Koveleski, W.C. and DeBoever, J. (1975) Influence of Occlusal Splints on Jaw Position and Musculature in Patients with TMJ Dysfunction. JPD, 33, 321-327.

[72]   Teo, C.S. and Wise, M.D. (1981) Comparison of Retruded Axis Articular Mountings with and without Applied Muscular Force. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 8, 363-376.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1981.tb00510.x

[73]   Hoffman, P.J., Silverman, S.I. and Garfinkel, L. (1973) Comparison of Condylar Position in Centric Relation and in Centric Occlusion in Dentulous Patients. JPD, 30, 582-588.

[74]   Rosner, D. (1982) Hinge Axis Translation from Retruded Contact Position to Intercuspal Position in Dentulous Subjects in Treatment. JPD, 48, 713-718.

[75]   Alexander, S.R., Moore, R.N. and Dubois, L.M. (1993) Mandibular Condyle Position: Comparison of Articulator Mountings and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. American Journal of Orthodontics, 104, 230-239.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-5406(05)81724-X

[76]   Utt, T.W., Meyers, C.E., Wierzba, T.F. and Hondrum, S.O. (1995) A Three-Dimensional Comparison of Condylar Position Changes between Centric Relation and Centric Occlusion Using the Mandibular Position Indicator. American Journal of Orthodontics, 107, 298-308.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-5406(95)70146-X

[77]   Esmay, T.R. (1995) The Relationship of Condylar Position Changes between Centric Relation and Maximum Intercuspation in Orthodontic Treated and Non-Or-thodontic Treated Individuals. Master’s Thesis, NYU, NYC.

[78]   Hidaka, O., Adachi, S. and Takada, K. (2002) The Difference in Condylar Position between Centric Relation and Centric Occlusion in Pretreatment Japanese Orthodontic Patients. Angle Orthodontist, 72, 295-301.

[79]   Williamson, E.H., Evans, D.L., Barton, W.A and Williams, B.H. (1977) The Effect of Biteplane Use on Terminal Hinge Axis Location. Angle Orthodontist, 47, 25-33.

[80]   Williamson, E.H., Steinke, R.M., Morse, P.K. and Swift, T.R. ((1980) Centric Relation: A Comparison of Muscle-Determined Position and Operator Guidance. American Journal of Orthodontics, 77, 133-145.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9416(80)90002-0

[81]   Williamson, E.H. (1978) Laminagraphic Study of Mandibular Condyle Position When Recording Centric Relation. JPD, 39, 561-564.
https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3913(78)80194-2

[82]   Girardot, R.A. (2001) Comparison of Condylar Position in Hyperdivergent and Hypodivergent Facial Skeletal Types. Angle Orthodontist, 71, 240-246.

[83]   Wood, D.P., Floreani, K.J., Galil, K.A. and Teteruk, W.R. (1994) The Effect of Incisal Bite Force on Condylar Seating. Angle Orthodontist, 64, 53-61.

[84]   Karl, P.J. and Foley, T.F. (1999) The Use of a Deprogramming Appliance to Obtain Centric Relation Records. Angle Orthodontist, 69, 117-125.

[85]   Dawson, P.E. (1989) Evaluation, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Occlusal Problems. 2nd Edition, CV Mosby, St. Louis, 28-33, 41-45, 132, 590-591.

[86]   Lundeen, H. (1972) Centric Relation Records—The Effects of Muscle Action. JPD, 31, 244-251.

[87]   Lucia, V.O. (1983) Modern Gnathological Concepts-Updated. Quintessence Publishing, Chicago, 39-53.

[88]   Throckmorton, G.S., Groshan, G.J. and Boyd, S.B. (1990) Muscle Activity Patterns and Control of TMJ Loads. JPD, 63, 685-695.

[89]   Lucia, V.O. (1964) A Technique for Recording Centric Relation. JPD, 14, 492-505.
https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3913(64)80017-2

[90]   Long, J.H. (1973) Locating Centric Relation with a Leaf Gauge. JPD, 29, 608-610.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(73)90267-9

[91]   Kantor, M.E., Silverman, S.I. and Garfinkel, L. (1972) Centric Relation Recording Techniques: Comparative Investigation. JPD, 28, 593-600.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(72)90107-2

[92]   Fenlon, M.R. and Woeffel, J.B. (1993) Condylar Position Recorded Using Leaf Gauges and Specific Closure Forces. International Journal of Prosthodontics, 6, 402-408.

[93]   Johnston, L.E. and Huffman, R.W. (1988) Gnathologic Assessment of Centric Slides in Post-Retention Orthodontic Patients. JPD, 60, 712-715.

[94]   American Dental Association. Recommendations in Radiographic Practices (1984) Council on Dental Materials, Instruments, and Equipment. JADA, 109, 764-765.

[95]   American Academy of Craniomandibular Disorders (1990) Craniomandibular Disorders: Evaluation, Diagnosis, and Management. Quintessence, Chicago, 25-33.

[96]   Blaschke, D.D. and Blaschke, T.J. (1981) Normal TMJ Bony Relationships in Centric Occlusions. Journal of Dental Research, 60, 98-104.
https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345810600021901

[97]   Katzberg, R.W., Keith, D.A., Ten Eik, W.R. and Guralnik, W.C. (1983) Internal Derangements of the TM Joint: An Assessment of Condylar Position in Centric Occlusion. JPD, 49, 250.

[98]   Dixon, D.C., Graham, G.S. and Mayhew, R.B. (1984) The Validity of Transcranial Radiology in Diagnosing TMJ Anterior Disc Displacement. JADA, 108, 615.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1984.0399

[99]   Aquilino, S.A., Matteson, S.R., Holland, G.A. and Phillips, C. (1985) Evaluation of Condylar Position from TM Joint Radiography. JPD, 53, 88.

[100]   Pullinger, A.G., Hollender, L., Solberg, W.K. and Petersson, A. (1985) A Tomographic Study of Mandibular Condyle Position in an Asymptomatic Population. JPD, 53, 706-712.

[101]   Pullinger, A.G., Solberg, W.K., Hollender, L. and Guichet, D. (1986) Tomographic Condyle Position in Diagnostic Subgroups of TMD. JPD, 55, 723-729.

[102]   Bean, L.R. and Thomas, C.A. (1987) Significance of Condylar Positions in Patients with TM Disorders. JADA, 114, 76.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1987.0043

[103]   Ronquilo, H.I., Gray, J. and Tallants, R.H. (1988) Tomographic Analysis of Mandibular Condyle Position as Compared to Arthrographic Findings of the TM Joint. Journal of Craniomandibular Disorders, 2, 59.

[104]   Brand, J.W., Whinery, J.G. and Anderson, Q.N. (1989) Condylar Position as a Predictor of TM Joint Internal Derangements. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 67, 469.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(89)90394-0

[105]   Dixon, D.C. (1991) Diagnostic Imaging of the TM Joint. Dental Clinics of North America, 35, 53.

[106]   Leidberg, J., Rohlin, M. and Westesson, P.L. (1985) Observer Performance in Assessment of Condylar Position in TM Joint Radiographs. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 43, 53.
https://doi.org/10.3109/00016358509064140

[107]   Laskin, D., Greenfield, W. and Gale, E. (1983) The President’s Conference on the Examination, Diagnosis, and Management of TM Disorders (June 1-4, 1982). Chicago ADA.

[108]   Griffiths, R.H. (1983) Report of the President’s Conference on the Examination, Diagnosis, and Management of TM Disorders. JADA, 106, 75.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1983.0020

[109]   McNeil, D., Mohl, N.D., Rugh, J.D. and Tanaka, T.T. (1990) TM Disorders: Diagnosis, Management, Education and Research. JADA, 120, 253.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1990.0049

[110]   Laskin, D.M. and Greene, C.S. (1990) Diagnostic Methods for TM Disorders: What Have We Learned in Two Decades? Anesthesia Progress, 37, 66.

[111]   Mohl, N.D. (1993) Reliability and Validity of Diagnostic Modalities for TM Disorders. Advances in Dental Research, 7, 113.

[112]   Pullinger, A.G. and Hollender, L. (1986) Variation in Condyle-Fossa Relationships According to Different Methods of Evaulation in Tomograms. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 62, 710-727.

[113]   Hatcher, D.C., Blom, R.J. and Baker, C.G. (1986) TM Joint Spatial Relationships: Osseous and Soft Tissues. JPD, 56, 344-353.

[114]   Shildkraut, M., Wood, D.P. and Hunter, W.S. (1994) The CR-CO Discrepancy and Its Effect on Cephalometric Measurements. Angle Orthodontist, 64, 333-342.

[115]   Wood, D.P. and Korne, P.H. (1992) Estimated and True Hinge Axis: A Comparison of Condylar Displacements. Angle Orthodontist, 62, 167-175.

[116]   Hicks, S.T. and Wood, D.P. (1996) Recording Condylar Movement with Two Facebow Systems. Angle Orthodontist, 66, 293-300.

[117]   Rosner, D. and Goldberg, G.F. (1986) Condylar Retruded Contact Position and Intercuspal Position and Correlation in Dentulous Patients. Part 1: Three Dimensional Analysis of Condylar Registrations. JPD, 56, 230.

[118]   Greene, C.S. (1988) Orthodontics and TM Disorders. Dental Clinics of North America, 32, 529-538.

[119]   Just, J.K., Perry, H.T. and Greene, C.S. (1991) Treating TM Disorders: A Survey on Diagnosis, Etiology, and Management. JADA, 122, 55-60.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1991.0265

[120]   Mohl, N.D. (1991) TM Disorders: The Role of Occlusion, TMJ Imaging, and Electronic Devices. Journal of the American College of Dentists, 58, 4-9.

[121]   Pullinger, A. and Hollender, L. (1985) Assessment of Mandibular Condyle Position: A Comparison of Transcranial Radiographs and Linear Tomograms. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 60, 329-334.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(85)90319-6

[122]   Seligman, D.A. and Pullinger, A.G. (1991) The Role of Interculpal Occlusal Relationships in TM Disorders: A Review. Journal of Craniomandibular Disorders, 5, 96-106.

[123]   Pullinger, A.G. and Seligman, D.A. (1987) TMJ Osteoarthrosis: Differentiation of Diagnostic Subgroups by Symptom History and Demographics. Journal of Craniomandibular Disorders, 1, 251-256.

[124]   Pullinger, A.G., Seligman, D.A. and Solberg, W.K. (1988) TM Disorders Part I: Functional Status, Dentomorphic Features, and Sex Differences in a Non-Patient Population. JPD, 59, 228-235.

[125]   Pullinger, A.G., Seligman, D.A. and Solberg, W.K. (1988) TM Disorders Part II: Occlusal Factors Associated with TM Joint Tenderness and Dysfunction. JPD, 59, 363-367.

[126]   Sadowsky, C. and Begole, E.A. (1980) Long-Term Status of TM Joint Function and Functional Occlusion after Orthodontic Treatment. AJO-DO, 78, 201-212.

[127]   Sadowsky, C. and Polson, A.M. (1984) TM Disorders and Functional Occlusion after Orthodontic Treatment: Results of Two Long-Term Studies. AJO-DO, 86, 386-390.

[128]   Seligman, D.A. and Pullinger, A.G. (1989) Association of Occlusal Variables among Refined TM Patient Diagnostic Groups. Journal of Craniomandibular Disorders, 3, 227-235.

[129]   Seligman, D.A., Pullinger, A.G. and Solberg, W.K. (1988) TM Disorders. Part III: Occlusal and Articular Factors Associated with Muscle Tenderness. JPD, 59, 483-489.

[130]   Belser, U.C. and Hannam, A.G. (1985) The Influence of Altered Working-Side Occlusal Guidance on Masticatory Muscles and Related Jaw Movement. JPD, 53, 406-413.

[131]   Christenson, L.V. and Ziebert, G.J. (1986) Effects of Experimental Loss of Teeth on the TM Joint. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 13, 587-598.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1986.tb00682.x

[132]   DeLaat, A., van Steenberghe, D. and Lasaffre, E. (1986) Occlusal Relationships and TM Joint Dysfunction. Part II: Correlations between Occlusal and Articular Parameters and Symptoms of TMJ Dysfunction by Means of Stepwise Logistic Regression. JPD, 55, 116-120.

[133]   Mongini, F. (1977) Anatomic and Clinical Evaluation of the Relationship between the TM Joint and Occlusion. JPD, 38, 539-551.

[134]   Mongini, F. and Schmid, W. (1982) Assessment of the Therapeutic Position for Orthodontic Diagnosis and Treatment. AJO-DO, 82, 513-518.

[135]   Nilner, M. (1983) Relationships between Oral Parafunctions and Functional Disturbances in the Stomatognathic System among 15 to 18 Year Olds. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 41, 197-201.
https://doi.org/10.3109/00016358309162324

[136]   Okeson, J. (1981) Etiology and Treatment of Occlusal Pathosis and Associated Facial Pain. JPD, 45, 199-204.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(81)90340-1

[137]   Rugh, J. and Harlan, J. (1988) Nocturnal Bruxism and TM Disorders. Advances in Neurology, 49, 329-341.

[138]   Kirveskari, P., Alanen, P. and Jamsa, T. (1992) Association between craniomandibular disorders and occlusal interferences in children. JPD, 67, 692-696.

[139]   Gibbs, C. and Lundeen, H. (2005) The Function of Teeth. L and G Publishers LLC, Gainesville, Florida.

[140]   Geering, A.H. (1974) Occlusal Interferences and Functional Disturbances of the Masticatory System. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 1, 112-119.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.1974.tb01246.x

[141]   Weinberg, L. (1979) Role of Condylar Position in TMD-Pain Syndrome. JPD, 41, 636-643.

[142]   Williams, B.H. (1983) Oriented Lateral TM Joint Laminagraphs. Angle Orthodontist, 53, 228-233.

[143]   Dumas, A., Moaddab, M.B. and Willis, H.B. (1984) A Tomographic Study of the Condyle-Fossa Relationship in Patients with TMD. Journal of Craniomandibular Practice, 2, 316.
https://doi.org/10.1080/07345410.1984.11677875

[144]   Rosner, D. and Goldberg, G.F. (1986) Condylar Retruded Contact Position and Intercuspal Position in Dentulous Patients. Part II: Patients Classified Be Anamnestic Questionnaire. JPD, 56, 359.

[145]   Brand, J.W. and Whinery, J.G. (1989) Condylar Position as a Predictor of TM Joint Internal Derangement. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 67, 469.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0030-4220(89)90394-0

[146]   Mohlin, C., Carlsson, G. and Friling, B. (1976) Frequency of Symptoms of Mandibular Dysfunction in Young Swedish Men. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 3, 9.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1976.tb00925.x

[147]   Kobayashi, Y. and Hansson, T.L. (1988) Auswirking der okklusion auf den menschlichen poerper. Phillip Journal, 5, 255.

[148]   Takeda, Y., Ishihora, H. and Kobayashi, Y. (1989) Influence of Occlusal Interference on Nocturnal Sleep and Masseter Muscle Activity. Journal of Dental Research, 68, Abstract #561.

[149]   Franks, A.S. (1967) The Dental Health of Patients Presenting with TM Joint Dysfunction. British Journal of Oral Surgery, 5, 157.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0007-117X(67)80041-6

[150]   Mohlin, B. and Kopps, S. (1978) A Clinical Study on the Relationship between Malocclusions, Occlusal Interferences, and Mandibular Pain and Dysfunction. Swedish Dental Journal, 2, 105-112.

[151]   Solberg, W.K., Woo, M.W. and Houston, J.B. (1979) Prevalence of Mandibular Dysfunction in Young Adults. JADA, 98, 25-33.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1979.0008

[152]   Suzuki, J.B. (1979) Etiology of Parafunction: A Brief Review of Psychology and Occlusal Genesis. Journal of the Western Society of Periodontology Periodontal Abstracts, 27, 48.

[153]   Colquitt, T. (1987) The Sleep-Wear Syndrome. JPD, 57, 33.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(87)90113-2

[154]   Ramfjord, S.P. (1961) Dysfunctional TM Joint and Muscle Pain. JPD, 11, 353.

[155]   Funakoshi, M., Fugita, N. and Takehana, S. (1976) Relation between Occlusal Interferences and Jaw Muscle Activity in Response to Changes in Head Position. Journal of Dental Research, 55, 648.
https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345760550042401

[156]   Solberg, W.K. and Seligman, D.A. (1995) TM Orthopedics: A New Vista in Orthodontics. In: Johnston, S.E., Ed., New Vistas in Orthodontics, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

[157]   McNamara, D.C. (1978) The Clinical Significance of Median Occlusal Position. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 5, 173.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1978.tb01211.x

[158]   Reider, L.E. (1976) The Prevalence and Magnitude of the Mandibular Displacement in a Survey Population. JPD, 35, 299.

[159]   Hannam, A.D., et al. (1977) The Relationship between Dental Occlusion, Muscle Activity, and Associated Jaw Movement in Man. Archives of Oral Biology, 22, 25-32.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9969(77)90135-2

[160]   Bush, F.M. (1984) Malocclusion, Mastictory Muscle and TM Joint Tenderness. Journal of Dental Research, 64, 129-133.
https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345850640020701

[161]   Graham, M.M., Buxham, J. and Stahling, L.M. (1982) A Study of Occlusal Relationships and the Incidence of Myofascial Pain. JPD, 47, 549-555.

[162]   Droukas, B., Lindee, C. and Carlsson, G.E. (1984) Relationship between Occlusal Factors and Signs and Symptoms of Mandibular Dysfunction. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 42, 277-283.
https://doi.org/10.3109/00016358408993881

[163]   Droukas, B., Lindee, C. and Carlsson, G.E. (1985) Occlusion and Mandibular Dysfunction: A Clinical Study of Patients Referred for Functional Disturbances of the Masticatory System. JPD, 53, 402-406.

[164]   Solberg, W.K., Flint, R.T. and Brantner, J.P. (1972) TM Joint Pain and Dysfunction: A Clinical Study of Emotional and Occlusal Components. JPD, 28, 412-422.

[165]   Roth, R.H. (1995) Point-Counterpoint. AJO-DO, 107, 315-317.
https://doi.org/10.1016/s0889-5406(95)90000-4

[166]   Wahlund, K., List, T., et al. (2003) Treatment of TM Disorders among Adolescents: A Comparison between Occlusal Appliance, Relaxation Training, and Brief Information. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 61, 203-211.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00016350310003891

[167]   Long, J.H. (1970) Location of the Terminal Hinge Axis by Intraoral Means. JPD, 23, 11-24.

[168]   Reider, C.E. (1978) The Frequency of Parafunctional Habits Compared with the Incidence of Mandibular Displacements. JPD, 40, 75.

[169]   Solberg, W.K., Woo, M.W. and Houston, J.B. (1979) Prevalence of Mandibular Dysfunction in Young Adults. JADA, 98, 25.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1979.0008

[170]   Murayama, T., Miauchi, S. and Umekoji, E. (1982) Analysis of the Mandibular Relationship of TMJ-Dysfunction Patients Using the Mandibular Kinesiograph. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, 9, 217.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.1982.tb01011.x

[171]   Mcnamara, J.A., Seligman, D.A. and Okeson, J.P. (1995) Occlusion, Orthodontic Treatment, and TM Disorders: A Review. [Review]. Journal of Orofacial Pain, 9, 73-90.

[172]   Lindauer, S.J., Sabol, G., Isaacson, R.J. and Davidovitch, M. (1995) Condylar Movement and Mandibular Rotation during Jaw Opening. AJO-DO, 107, 573-577.

[173]   Braun, S., Marcotte, M.R., Freudenthaler, J.W. and Honigle, K. (1997) An Evaluation of Condyle Position in Centric Relation Obtained by Manipulation of the Mandible with and without Leaf Guage Deprogramming. AJO-DO, 111, 34-37.

[174]   Ingervall, B. (1972) Tooth Contacts on the Functional and Non-Functional Side in Children and Young Adults. Archives of Oral Biology, 17, 91.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9969(72)90147-1

[175]   Agerberg, G. and Sandstrom, R. (1988) Frequency of Occlusal Interferences: A Clinical Study in Teenagers and Young Adults. JPD, 59, 212.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(88)90017-0

[176]   deLaat, A. and Van Steenberghe, D. (1985) Occlusal Relationships and TM Joint Dysfunction Part I: Epidemiological Findings. JPD, 54, 835.

[177]   Egermark, I., Magnusson, T. and Carlsson, G.E. (1987) A Long Term Epidemiologic Study of the Relationship between Occlusal Factors and Mandibular Dysfunction in Children and Adolescents. Journal of Dental Research, 66, 67-71.
https://doi.org/10.1177/00220345870660011501

[178]   Greco, P.M. and Vanarsdall, R.L. (1999) An Evaluation of Anterior Temporalis and Masseter Muscle Activity in Appliance Therapy. Angle Orthodontist, 69, 141-146.

[179]   Okeson, J.P., Kemper, J.T. and Moody, P.M. (1982) A Study of the Use of Occlusal Splints in the Treatment of Acute and Chronic Patients with Craniomandibular Disorders. JPD, 48, 708.

[180]   Kemper, J.T. and Okeson, J.P. (1983) Craniomandibular Disorders and Headaches. JPD, 49, 702-705.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-3913(83)90400-6

[181]   Wahlund, K. and List, T. (2002) Treatment of TM Disorders. A Comparison between Occlusal Appliances. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 60, 248-254.

[182]   Sears, V.H. (1952) Mandibular Condyle Migration as Influenced by Tooth Occlusion. JADA, 45, 179-192.
https://doi.org/10.14219/jada.archive.1952.0179

[183]   Long, J.H. (1970) Location of Terminal Hinge Axis by Intra-Oral Means. JPD, 23, 11-24.

[184]   Shafagh, I., Yoder, J.L. and Thayer, K.E. (1975) Diurinal Variance of Centric Relation Position. JPD, 34, 574.

[185]   Shafagh, I. and Amirloo, R. (1979) Replicability of Chin-Point Guidance and Anterior Deprogrammer for Recording Centric Relation. JPD, 42, 402-404.

[186]   Hodge Jr., L.C. and Mahan, P.E. (1967) A Study of Posterior Mandibular Movement from Intercuspal Occlusal Position. Journal of Dental Research, 40, 419.

[187]   Roth, R.H. (1973) TM Pain-Dysfunction and Occlusal Relationships. Angle Orthodontist, 43, 136.

[188]   Shore, N.A. (1976) TM Joint Dysfunction and Occlusal Equilibration. 2nd Edition, JB Lippincott Co, Philadelphia, 138, 143.

[189]   Thilander, B., Guillermo, R., Pena, L. and Mayorga, C. (2002) Prevalence of TM Dysfunction and Its Association with Malocclusion in Children and Adolescents: An Epidemiologic Study Related to Specified Stages of Dental Development. Angle Orthodontist, 72, 146-154.

[190]   Egermark, I., Magnusson, T. and Carlsson, G.E. (2003) A 20-Year Followup of Signs and Symptoms of TM Disorders and Malocclusions in Subjects with and without Orthodontic Treatment in Childhood. Angle Orthodontist, 73, 109-114.

[191]   Mohlin, B., Derweduwen, K., Pilley, R., et al. (2004) Malocclusion and Temporomandibular Disorder: A Comparison of Adolescents with Moderate to Severe Dysfunction with Those without Signs and Symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorder and Their Further Development to 30 Years of Age. Angle Orthodontist, 74, 319-327.

[192]   Lindblom, G.T. (1976) TM Joint Function. In: Anderson, D.J. and Matthews, B., Eds., Mastication, John Wright and Sons Ltd., Bristol.

[193]   Mongini, F. (1982) Combined Method to Determine the Therapeutic Position for Occlusal Rehabilitation. JPD, 47, 434.
https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3913(82)80097-8

[194]   Mongini, F. (1981) The Importance of Radiography in the Diagnosis of TM Dysfunction. JPD, 45, 186-198.

[195]   Krueger, D.M. and Dale, B.G. (1982) Analysis and Correction of Condylar Displacement of the TMJ. JPD, 47, 646-653.

[196]   Weinberg, L.A. (1983) The Role of Stress, Occlusion, and Condylar Position in TM Joint Dysfunction-Pain. JPD, 49, 532-545.

[197]   Cacchiotti, D.A., Bianchi, P., McNeill, C. and Plesh, O. (1989) Use of the Mandibular Position Indicator in TMJ Disorder Diagnosis. Journal of Dental Research, 68, 391.

[198]   Proffit, W.R. (1986) Contemporary Orthodontics. CV Mosby, St. Louis, 134.

[199]   Hansson, T. (1982) Presentation to the Foundation for Orthodontic Research. Hilton Head Island, SC.

[200]   Cordray, F.E. (2006) Three Dimensional Analysis of Models Articulatd in the Seated Condylar Position from a Deprogrammed Asymptomatic Population: A Prospective Study. Part I. AJO-DO, 129, 619-630.

[201]   Cordray, F.E. (2016) Articulated Dental Cast Analysis of Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Populations. IJOS, 8, 126-132.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ijos.2015.44

[202]   Weffort, S.Y.K. and Fantini, S.M. (2010) Condylar Displacement between Centric Relation and Maximum Intercuspation in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Individuals. Angle Orthodontist, 80, 835-842.
https://doi.org/10.2319/090909-510.1

[203]   He, S.S., Deng, X., Wamalwa, P. and Chen, S. (2010) Correlation between Centric Relation-Maximum Intercuspation Discrepancy and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 68, 368-376.
https://doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2010.517552

[204]   Padala, S., Padmanabhan, S. and Chithranjan, A.B. (2012) Comparative Evaluation of Condylar Position in Symptomatic (TMJ Dysfunction) and Asymptomatic Individuals. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 23, 122-127.
https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.99060

 
 
Top