Back
 AJPS  Vol.7 No.17 , December 2016
Effect of a Post-Anthesis Foliar Application of Nitrogen on Grain Protein and Milling and Baking Quality of Spring Wheat
Abstract: Hard red spring wheat in North America must be high in protein in order to avoid costly discounts when marketed. Many newer cultivars have higher yield potential but produce relatively lower grain protein levels. A post-anthesis foliar application of urea-ammonium nitrate mixed with equal part water at 33 kg·ha-1 nitrogen (N) can increase grain protein levels by up to one percent. This increase can be profitable when market premiums/discounts for protein are moderate to high. Nitrogen applied post-anthesis consistently increased grain protein content more than the application of the same rate of N to the soil prior to planting. Milling and baking analysis reveals augmenting the protein in this way does not diminish its functionality.
Cite this paper: Ransom, J. , Simsek, S. , Schatz, B. , Eriksmoen, E. , Mehring, G. and Mutukwa, I. (2016) Effect of a Post-Anthesis Foliar Application of Nitrogen on Grain Protein and Milling and Baking Quality of Spring Wheat. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 7, 2505-2514. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2016.717218.
References

[1]   Busch, R.H., Shuey, W.C. and Frohberg, R.C. (1969) Response of Hard Red Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to Environments in Relation to Six Key Quality Characteristics. Crop Science, 9, 813-817.
https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1969.0011183X000900060044x

[2]   Bly, A.G. and Woodard, H.J. (2003) Foliar Nitrogen Application Timing Influence on Grain Yield and Protein Concentration of Hard Red Winter and Spring Wheat. Agronomy Journal, 95, 335-338.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2003.0335

[3]   Anon. (2016) Grain Market News, Weekly Edition. Livestock, Poultry and Grain Market News Division, USDA.
https://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/lswpnwgrain.pdf

[4]   Otteson, B.N., Mergoum, M. and Ransom, J.K. (2008) Seeding Rate and Nitrogen Management on Milling and Baking Quality of Hard Red Spring Wheat Genotypes. Crop Science, 48, 749-755.
https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2007.08.0473

[5]   Raun, W.R. and Johnson, G.V. (1999) Improving Nitrogen Use Efficiency for Cereal Production. Agronomy Journal, 91, 357-363.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1999.00021962009100030001x

[6]   Mahler, R.L., Koehler, F.E. and Lutcher, L.K. (1994) Nitrogen Source, Timing of Application, and Placement: Effects on Winter Wheat Production. Agronomy Journal, 86, 637-642.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1994.00021962008600040010x

[7]   Rehm, G. and Franzen, D. (2005) Fertility Management of Wheat. In: Wiersman, J.J. and Ransom, J.K., Eds., The Small Grains Field Guide, North Dakota State University and the University of Minnesota Extension Service, Fargo/St. Paul, 60-64.

[8]   Ransom, J.K., Mergoum, M., Simsek, S., Aceveda, M., Friesen, T., McMullen, M., Zhong, S., Olson, R., Eriksmoen, E., Hansen, B., Martin, G., Bradbury, G. and Schatz, B. (2012) North Dakota Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trail Results for 2012 and Selection Guide. Extension Publication A-574-12, North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo.

[9]   Finney, K.F., Meyer, J.W., Smith, F.W. and Fryer, H.C. (1957) Effect of Foliar Spraying on Pawnee Wheat with Urea Solutions on Yield, Protein Concentration, and Protein Quality. Agronomy Journal, 49, 347-347.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1957.00021962004900070001x

[10]   Guttieri, M.J., Ahmad, R., Stark, J.C. and Souza, E. (2000) End-Use Quality of Six Hard Red Spring Wheat Cultivars at Different Irrigation Levels. Crop Science, 40, 631-635.
https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.403631x

[11]   López-Bellido, L., Munoz-Romero, V., Benítez-Vega, J., Fernández-García, P., Redondo, R. and López-Bellido, R.J. (2001) Wheat Response to Nitrogen Splitting Applied to a Vertisols in Different Tillage Systems and Cropping Rotations under Typical Mediterranean Climatic Conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, 43, 24-32.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2012.05.002

[12]   Finney, K.F., Yamazaki, W.T., Youngs, V.L. and Rubenthaler, G.L. (1987) Quality of Hard, Soft, and Durum Wheats. In: Heyne, E.G., Ed., Wheat and Wheat Improvement, 2nd Ed., Agronomy Monograph 13, ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, 677-748.

[13]   Finney, K.F. (1965) Evaluation of Wheat Quality. In: Food Quality: Effects of Production Practices and Processing, Publication No. 77, AAAS, Washington DC, 73-82.

[14]   American Association of Cereal Chemists International (2015) Approved Methods of the AACCI. 10th Edition, Methods 10-10B, 26-10A, 54-40A, 55-10, The Association, St. Paul, MN.

 
 
Top